Chapter 6. The American revolution. Section 1. Fighting begins in the north . May 10, 1775 Second Continental Congress met to plan a way to avoid war. Delegates sent a petition to King George III
Patriots disadvantages makeshift army.
The British advantages makeshift army.
As British approached the Patriots held their fire. surrounded in Boston by the Colonial militia.
When the Americans fired the British retreated.
The British tried the second time with same result.
The last time the British took the hill but lost 1,000 redcoats Americans only lost 400.Battle of bunker hill
March 1776 he and his troops left Boston for Halifax, Canada surrounded in Boston by the Colonial militia.
1,000 loyalists went with them.
King George III ordered a blockade of all colonial ports
Blockade- the shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out.
The king also used mercenaries from Germany to help in fight.
Mercenaries- troops for hire.
Sons of Liberty flag surrounded in Boston by the Colonial militia.
Section 2 surrounded in Boston by the Colonial militia.Declaration of Independence
June 1776 Richard Henry Lee of Virginia announced to Congress a resolution in favor of independence:
“ Resolved, That these United Colonies are and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between the and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.”
- Richard Henry Lee, Resolution at the Second Continental Congress June 7, 1776Resolution for Independence
Delegates faced a difficult decision if they declared independence.
If they fell into British hands they would be hanged as traitors.
After a long debate, Congress took the step and appointed a committee to draw up the declaration.Making the Break
John Adams Ben Franklin Thomas Jefferson independence.
Boston, MA Philidelphia, PA Charlottesville, VA
Robert Livingston Roger Sherman
Clermont, NY New Haven, CTDeclaration committee
Thomas Jefferson was asked to write the Declaration of Independence.
Youngest of the Continental Congress delegates.( 33 years old)
Wrote clearly and gracefully won him respectThomas Jefferson
Late June of 1776 Jefferson completed the declaration. Independence.
July 2, 1776 the Continental Congress voted that all 13 colonies were “free and independent States.”
Document was adopted the night of July 4, 1776.
John Hancock the first to signSigning the Document
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain Unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
According to the DOI people form governments in order to protect their natural rights and liberties.
Governments can only exist if they have the Consent of the governed.
If the government does not uphold this then the people can remove said government.Natural Rights
“In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.”
“And, for the support of this declaration, with firm reliance on the protection of Devine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our freedoms, and our sacred honor.”
Section 3 of America.Struggles in the middle States
June 1776 General Howe arrived in New York Harbor with 34,000 troops and 10,000 saliors
Washington expecting Howe’s attack led his 20,000 poorly trained troops to New York
August 1776 the Battle of Long Island more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured.British Take New york
Ladies man. supplies to America
French women loved him.
“ A French woman once tapped on his ample pot belly and joked, Dr. Franklin if this was on a woman, wed know what to think. To which Franklin replied, half an hour ago, mademoiselle, it was on a woman and now what do you think?”Ben Franklin and Women
Head Quarters, Valley supplies to AmericaForge, February 16, 1778
Dear Sir: It is with great reluctance, I trouble you on a subject, which does not fall within your province; but it is a subject that occasions me more distress, than I have felt, since the commencement of the war; and which loudly demands the most zealous exertions of every person of weight and authority, who is interested in the success of our affairs. I mean the present dreadful situation of the army for want of provisions, and the miserable prospects before us, with respect to futurity. It is more alarming than you will probably conceive, for, to form a just idea, it were necessary to be on the spot. For some days past, there has been little less, than a famine in camp. A part of the army has been a week, without any kind of flesh, and the rest for three or four days.
Section 4 supplies to AmericaWinning the War in the South
Section 5 troops laid siege on Cornwallis’ 8,000 men.Fighting for Liberty on many fronts
Ann Bates troops laid siege on Cornwallis’ 8,000 men.
Assumed a false name and acted as a peddler and counted Patriot troops as they came through PhiladelphiaWomen of Revolution