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RAPID Outcome Mapping Approach. Simon Hearn, ODI 16 April 2010 Bern, Switzerland. Commission research. Analyse the results. Choose the best option. Establish the policy. Implement the policy. Evaluation. Policy makers do not. Identify the problem. Cabinet. Donors. Policy Formulation.

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RAPID Outcome Mapping Approach

Simon Hearn, ODI

16 April 2010

Bern, Switzerland


Policy makers do not

Commission research

Analyse the results

Choose the best option

Establish the policy

Implement the policy

Evaluation

Policy makers do not...

Identify the problem


Policy processes are

Cabinet

Donors

Policy Formulation

Parliament

Agenda

Setting

Decision

Making

Civil Society

Ministries

Monitoring and Evaluation

Policy Implementation

Private Sector

Policy processes are...

Slide: John Young, ODI


Forms of influencing

Advocacy

Advising

Lobbying

Activism

Forms of influencing

Evidence / science based

Cooperation (inside track)

Confrontation (outside track)

Interest / values based



Roma steps
ROMA steps

RAPID

Start by defining your policy objectives

Outcome

Mapping


An analytical framework

The political context – political and economic structures and processes, culture, institutional pressures, incremental vs radical change etc.

The links between policy

and research communities – networks, relationships, power, competing discourses, trust, knowledge etc.

The evidence – credibility, the degree it challenges received wisdom, research approaches and methodology, simplicity of the message, how it is packaged etc

An analytical framework

External Influences

Socio-economic and cultural influences,

donor policies etc


The aiim tool
The AIIM tool

High

Map actors on the matrix

Identify which are the most influential

Who do you work with directly?

Develop enthusiasm to address topic

Learn in partnership

General level of alignment

Develop awareness and enthusiasm

Challenge existing beliefs

Low

Interest in specific topic

Low

High


Types of policy change

Discursive changes

Types of policy change

Procedural changes

Content changes

Attitudinal changes

Behavioural changes


Force field analysis
Force Field Analysis

Your influence on the force

Negative forces

Positive forces

Your influence on the force

MEF

Funds

Plan:

Minister of Trade puts forward pro-poor trade and complementary policy programme to the cabinet by April 2008

2

4

4

5*

Time

CSOs

1

2

1

3

?

Public demand

?

2

2

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

Total = ?

Total = ?


Swot analysis

What type of policy influencing skills and capacities do we have?

In what areas have our staff used them more effectively?

Who are our strongest allies?

When have they worked with us?

Are there any windows of opportunity?

What can affect our ability to influence policy?

SWOT Analysis


The three stages

OUTCOME MAPPING: have?Building Learning and Reflection into Development ProgramsSarah Earl, Fred Carden, and Terry Smutylo

http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-9330-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html

The Three Stages


  • For example: have?

    • RAPID Framework

  • Drivers of Change

  • Power Analysis

  • SWOT

  • Influence Mapping

  • Force Field Analysis

  • For example:

    • AIIM

  • Stakeholder analysis

  • Influence Mapping

  • Social Network Analysis

  • Force Field Analysis

Start by defining your policy objectives

  • For example:

    • Progress Markers

  • Opportunities and Threats timeline

  • Policy Objectives

  • AIIM

  • Force Field Analysis

  • For example:

    • Log Frame (flexible)

  • Outcome Mapping

  • Journals or impact logs

  • Internal monitoring tools

  • For example:

    • Force Field Analysis

  • For example:

    • Policy entrepreneur questionnaire

  • SWOT

  • Internal performance frameworks

  • For example:

    • Publications, public relations

  • Media and events

  • Negotiation and advice

  • Develop a network or coalition

  • Research


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