spelling changes in certain er verbs
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Spelling changes in certain - er verbs. -cer Verbs. Verbs ending in –cer change c to ç before a or o to retain the soft c sound . . Quelques exemples…. Annoncer to announce Commencer to begin Effacer to erase Lancer to throw Menacer to threaten

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cer verbs
-cer Verbs
  • Verbs ending in –cer change c to ç before a or o to retain the soft c sound.
quelques exemples
Quelques exemples…
  • Annoncer to announce
  • Commencer to begin
  • Effacer to erase
  • Lancer to throw
  • Menacer to threaten
  • Placer to put, place
  • Prononcer to pronounce
  • Remplacer to replace
  • Renoncer à to give up
ger verbs
-ger Verbs
  • Verbs ending in -ger insert a silent e between g and a, and between g and o, to keep the soft g sound.
quelques exemples1
Quelques exemples
  • Arranger to arrange
  • Bouger to move
  • Changer to change
  • Corriger to correct
  • Déménager to move
  • Déranger to disturb
  • Diriger to direct
  • Manger to eat
  • Mélanger to mix
slide6

Neiger to snow

  • Obliger to force, impose
  • Partager to share, divide
  • Plonger to plunge, dive
  • Ranger to put away, put in order
  • Songer (à) to think about, consider
  • Voyager to travel
yer verbs
-yer Verbs
  • Verbs ending in –yer change y to i before silent e.
quelques exemples2
Quelques exemples….
  • Employer to use
  • Ennuyer to bore, bother
  • Essuyer to dry, wipe
  • Nettoyer to clean
  • Renvoyer to dismiss, send back
slide9
Note….
  • Verbs ending in –ayer may or may not change the y to i in all present tense forms except nous and vous.
e consonant er verbs
-E+ Consonant + -ER Verbs
  • Verbs with silent e in the syllable before the infinitive ending change silent e to è when the next syllable contains another silent e.
quelques exemples3
Quelques exemples…
  • Acheter to buy
  • Achever to complete, finish
  • Amener to bring, lead to
  • Elever to raise, bring up
  • Emmener to take (with you)
  • Geler to freeze
  • Lever to raise, lift
  • Mener to lead
  • Peser to weigh
  • Promener to walk (the dog)
appeler and jeter
Appeler and Jeter
  • Some ‘shoe’ verbs with silent e, like appeler and jeter, double the consonant instead of changing e to è.
quelques exemples4
Quelques exemples…
  • Epeler to spell
  • Epousseter to dust
e consonant er verbs1
E + Consonant + -ER Verbs
  • Verbs with é in the syllable before the infinitive ending change é to è only before the silent endings -e, -es, -ent.
quelques exemples5
Quelques exemples …
  • Espérer to nope
  • Posséder to possess, own
  • Préférer to prefer
  • Protéger to protect
  • Répéter to repeat, rehearse
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