Islam
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Islam PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Islam. And the Prophet Mohammed. Arabia Before Islam. Mostly settled peoples Polytheism was most popular Nomads helped to facilitate trade throughout the Middle East Mecca was an important city It was a trading hub It was also home to the Ka’ba , a shrine of relics.

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Islam

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Islam

Islam

And the Prophet Mohammed


Arabia before islam

Arabia Before Islam

  • Mostly settled peoples

  • Polytheism was most popular

  • Nomads helped to facilitate trade throughout the Middle East

  • Mecca was an important city

    • It was a trading

      hub

    • It was also home

      to the Ka’ba, a

      shrine of relics


Mohammed

Mohammed

  • Became a successful

    caravan operator

  • Married a successful widow at age 25

  • Born around 570 A.D.

  • Orphaned early in life,

    raised by his Uncle.


The prophet mohammed

The Prophet Mohammed

  • To find peace Mohammed traveled to caves outside Mecca

  • Around 610 Mohammed believes he is having visions given to him by the Angel Gabriel

  • He realizes that he is a prophet

  • His revelations form the Quran

  • Though his wife converts he is not very popular in Mecca


Mohammed in medina

Mohammed in Medina

  • The city of Yathrib was experiencing turmoil.

  • Some of Mohammed’s followers were already there.

  • It was proposed that he go there to lead with the promise of more followers.

  • Yathrib becomes Medina, “the City”


March on mecca

March on Mecca

  • Mohammed successfully establishes himself and Islam in Medina

  • He and his followers want to take Islam to Mecca

  • After a victory against large odds they feel they have the blessing of Allah

  • In 630 Mecca falls, the Ka’ba is rededicated and most of the population converts


Mohammed s death

Mohammed’s Death

  • In the year 632 Mohammed dies in Medina

  • By this point most of the Arabian peninsula is under the control of the Islamic caliphate

  • Initially he is succeeded by an early follower Abu Bakr

  • Later Mohammed’s cousin and son-in-law makes a bid for the caliphate stating that what made Mohammed special is still in his bloodline.

  • This begins the Sunni and Shi’ite split.


Five pillars of islam

Five Pillars of Islam

  • Confession of Faith (Shahada)- There is no god but God and Mohammed is the prophet of God

  • Daily Prayer (Salat)- 5 times a day facing Mecca

  • Alms (Zakat)- An offering required of all capable adults. Additional voluntary alms giving is encouraged.

  • Pilgrimage (Hajj) – To Mecca at least once in your life if you are able.

  • Fasting during Ramadan (Sawm)- Commemorates the revelation of the Quran


Islam in relation to judaism and christianity

Islam in Relation to Judaism and Christianity

  • Mohammed as the last Prophet, not the first

  • Descended from Abraham, through Ishmael

  • Islam is the “surrender” to God and the pure form of his worship

  • The Quran supersedes the revelations to all past prophets including Noah, Moses, and Jesus


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