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Hong Kong People Working on the Mainland: A Force for Integration?. A Preliminary Report by the CCTR-Zhongshan University Research Team 28 April 2010. Defining Identity Shift. Several ways to measure “Identity” and “Identity Change:”

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Hong Kong People Working on the Mainland: A Force for Integration?

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Hong kong people working on the mainland a force for integration l.jpg

Hong Kong People Working on the Mainland: A Force for Integration?

A Preliminary Report by the CCTR-Zhongshan University Research Team

28 April 2010


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Defining Identity Shift

  • Several ways to measure “Identity” and “Identity Change:”

  • we asked people their “identity before moving to ML,” “after moving to ML” and gave choice of:

    • 1. HK,

    • 2. basically HK but also Chinese (HK/CH)

    • 3. Both HK AND Chinese (HK+CH)

    • 4. Basically Chinese but also Hong Kong (CH/HK)

    • 5. Chinese (CH)

    • But since our focus was “identity change” I made up the following Matrix.


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Matrix of Identity Change After Moving to Mainland


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Mode of Adaptation

  • Based on their current identity and how far they moved, we created four categories of “Adaptation:”

  • 1. assimilators

  • 2. strong integrators

  • 3. weak integrators

  • 4. resisters.


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Table 1: China’s Rise Makes Most Chinese People Feel Proud


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Feeling Nationalistic?

  • “Liked living on ML,” p<.00 and strong R=.288.

  • “Satisfied living on ML” p<.00, R=.214

    Identity and patriotism are related

  • “current identity” and “China’s rise” p<.001, R=-.124.

  • People who became more Chinese after moving to the ML were more likely to support this idea (p<.001, R=-.063).

  • Of the 35 people who identify as “Chinese” (only), 18 “agreed” and 16 “strongly agreed” with this statement.


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How Serious is Corruption on the ML?


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Its everywhere but they never confront it!

  • 25% see it as “Very Serious,” yet only 11 people reported any experience with it.

  • over 20% of interviewees selected either “no response” or “inconvenient to say”

  • of 36 people who “liked living on the ML,” 29 selected “don’t know” when asked about the depth of corruption on the mainland.

  • Respondents who saw corruption as “extremely serious” were overrepresented among those who did not like living on the ML too much (31% vs. 18.9%).

  • concerns about corruption correlates negatively with “satisfaction with life since moving to the ML” (p<.01, R=-.041),

  • But mode of adaptation and this issue are not correlated


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Support for Human Rights and Individual Freedom

  • We asked people to compare Human Rights and Individual Freedoms in HK and ML.

  • 20% of our sample see individual rights as the “same” (18%) or “better” (2.2%) on the ML.

  • Surprisingly, 45.5% believe that individual freedom on the ML is only a “little less” than in Hong Kong

  • 31.3% believe that Hong Kong is much freer.

  • those who “like to live on the ML” have a less critical view of rights and freedoms on the ML (p<.07, R=-.149), relative to HK.


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Table 3. Views on Individual Rights and Freedoms in ML and HK, 4 Cities

Higher score means more critical views of the quality of Individual Rights and Freedoms in the ML


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Human Rights and Individual Freedom: Comparing HK and the Mainland

  • On “Human Rights and Individual Freedom”, there is no statistical relationship with Mode of Adaptation,

  • but a significantly smaller number of Assimilators, compared to other categories, felt that Hong Kong was a “much freer society,” with more of them represented in the group that felt that Hong Kong was “somewhat better.”

  • 34% of the sample picked HK was much freer, but only 21% of Assimilators felt that way.


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  • Here are four tables that show that there is a relationship between the Mode of Adaptation and responses to political factors in the ML.


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Ability to Become a Service Oriented Government in 3-5 years

Chi-Square = p < 0.09, Pearson’s R = 0.131, p < 0.05


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Mode of Adaptation and Current Perception of Government Efficiency

Pearson Chi-Square, p<.01, Pearson R = .118, p<.07


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Mode of Adaptation and Views on Severity of Inequality in Mainland

Chi-Square, p<.05; R=-.127, p<.06


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Easier to Affect Government Policy in HK or ML?

Chi-Square: p<.001, Pearson R = .131, p<.05


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Conclusion

  • Mode of Adaptation or changes in Identity do have an impact on the political views of HK people living on the ML.

  • Assimilators tend to be more understanding of the political system, see it more positively and be unwilling to see some of its drawbacks, such as the glaring inequality.

  • People overall willing to talk about many views, except about Corruption


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