Aeromedical
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Aeromedical. An Introduction. Pressure effects. Ear and sinus What is the cause? How do we correct? Toothache Gastrointestinal Scuba- requirements?. Other Aeromedical factors. Motion sickness Causes? Cure? Stress Causes? Bodily reactions? Good or Bad?.

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Aeromedical

Aeromedical

An Introduction


Pressure effects

Pressure effects

  • Ear and sinus

    What is the cause?

    How do we correct?

  • Toothache

  • Gastrointestinal

  • Scuba- requirements?


Other aeromedical factors

Other Aeromedical factors

  • Motion sickness

    Causes?

    Cure?

  • Stress

    Causes?

    Bodily reactions?

    Good or Bad?


Aeromedical ctn

Aeromedical Ctn.

  • Fatigue

    Causes- low sleep, exercise, exertion

    noise, heavy cognitive activity

  • Noise- leads to fatigue, stress, and airsickness

    More than 5 hours a week without ear protection= significant haring loss in a few short years (tenitis)


Alcohol and drugs

Alcohol and Drugs

  • Depressants- stomach medication, (incl. motion sickness) decongestants, allergy medication,

    Alcohol- most widely abused drug, and is absorbed directly into bloodstream


Alcohol ctn

Alcohol ctn.

  • Absorption rate and amount determines level of impairment and is determined by:

    • % of alcohol in drink

    • consumption rate

    • food eaten

    • body mass

    • length of time spent drinking


Alcohol ctn1

Alcohol ctn.

  • FAR’s require:

  • 8 hours between consumption and flying

  • .04 BAC

  • Most airlines require a 24 hour period between alcohol and flying

  • Even a .01 BAC produces imparement


Alcohol ctn2

Alcohol ctn.

  • Hangover effects can last 24 hours past heavy consumption


Pain killers

Pain Killers

  • Over the counter pain killers are generally O.K. (aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen etc.) unless there is an allergy

  • Prescription pain killers are almost always a no-go item (ask your DME)


Stimulants

Stimulants

  • Stimulate the central nervous system

  • Examples: caffeine, nicotine, appetite suppressants, fatigue reduction (no-doz)

  • Can produce anxiety and mood swings

  • Avoid when flying!


Other drugs

Other drugs

  • Drugs and herbals (antibiotics, st. john’s wart etc.) not included in the previous can produce adverse effects on flight performance so check with your DME before flying.

  • Illicit drugs- avoid altogether, airlines can trace 7 years past with hair samples


Exercise

Exercise

  • Get habits started early

  • Effects of delaying exercise won’t be realized immediately but years later

  • Smoking- Don’t start or quit


Aeromedical ctn1

Aeromedical ctn.

  • If your fitness for flight is ever in question, ground yourself- it’s required by the FAR’s


Questions

Questions?


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