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Figures of Speech. A Poetry Lesson – Ms. Osmond (October 2012). What is a poem?. Definitions: A piece of writing that resembles both speech and song, and that is usually rhythmical and metaphorical. An arrangement of words containing meaning and musicality.

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Figures of Speech

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Figures of speech

Figures of Speech

A Poetry Lesson – Ms. Osmond (October 2012)


What is a poem

What is a poem?

  • Definitions:

    • A piece of writing that resembles both speech and song, and that is usually rhythmical and metaphorical.

    • An arrangement of words containing meaning and musicality.

      Often used for emphasis, expression, or clarity.

      Examples:

      - Songs, plays, etc…


What types of poems are there

What types of poems are there?

  • Acrostic

  • Concrete (shape)

  • Haiku

  • Sonnet

  • Ballad

  • Limerick

  • Quatrain

  • Imagery

  • & Many more!


Poetic terms figurative language

Poetic Terms/Figurative Language

  • What is Figurative Language?

    • The use of a word (or words) that is separate from its usual (literal) meaning

    • Words that go beyond their normal meaning.


Simile

Simile

  • Compares two things using “like” or “as”

  • Examples:

    • Her eyes sparkled like the night sky.

    • He was as cool as a cucumber.


Metaphor

Metaphor

  • Compares two unlike things directly, NOT using like or as.

  • Examples:

    • Her eyes ARE the night sky.

    • The clouds were puffs of cotton in the sky.


Personification

Personification

  • When an idea, object, or animal is given human characteristics.

  • Example:

    • The sun’s rays kissed my pale face.


Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia

  • Words that imitate sounds.

  • Examples:

    • Boom, CRASH!, Pow, Ding Dong!


Alliteration

Alliteration

  • When two or more words together begin with the same letter or sound.

  • Examples:

    • Ben slept with his baby blanket.

    • Alice ate an apple.


Assonance

Assonance

  • The repetition of vowel sounds in two or more words (creates internal rhyme).

  • Example:

    • I heard the uncertain rustling of purple curtains.


Symbolism

Symbolism

  • Representing things by symbols or attributing meanings with significant objects, events, etc.

  • Example:

    • Red can symbolize anger, blood, passion…

    • Eagle represents freedom/U.S.


Oxymoron

Oxymoron

  • Words or phrases that are combined that contradict or disagree with each other.

  • Examples:

    • Black light, Pretty ugly, Jumbo shrimp, etc…


Hyperbole

Hyperbole

  • An exaggeration or overstatement for effect/to emphasize a point.

  • Example:

    • I worked a million times harder today!

    • That giraffe was as tall as the CN Tower!


Imagery 5 types

Imagery (5 types)

  • 1. Visual

    • Language that appeals to your SIGHT

    • E.g. The mighty oak with its rugged branches…

  • 2. Auditory

    • Language that appeals to your HEARING

    • E.g. The waves were gently lapping the shore, whispering…

  • 3. Olfactory

    • Language that appeals to your SMELL

    • E.g. Grandma’s freshly baked bread was calling out to me…


Imagery 5 types cont d

Imagery (5 types) Cont’d

  • 4. Gustatory

    • Language that appeals to your TASTE

    • E.g. The sweet chocolate in the gooey cookies…

  • 5. Tactile

    • Language that appeals to your TOUCH

    • E.g. The satin sheets were like sleeping on a cloud…


The end

The End

  • Now for some fun review!

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfwbMiZUZ0M&feature=related


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