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Figures of Speech. A Poetry Lesson – Ms. Osmond (October 2012). What is a poem?. Definitions: A piece of writing that resembles both speech and song, and that is usually rhythmical and metaphorical. An arrangement of words containing meaning and musicality.

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figures of speech

Figures of Speech

A Poetry Lesson – Ms. Osmond (October 2012)

what is a poem
What is a poem?
  • Definitions:
    • A piece of writing that resembles both speech and song, and that is usually rhythmical and metaphorical.
    • An arrangement of words containing meaning and musicality.

Often used for emphasis, expression, or clarity.

Examples:

- Songs, plays, etc…

what types of poems are there
What types of poems are there?
  • Acrostic
  • Concrete (shape)
  • Haiku
  • Sonnet
  • Ballad
  • Limerick
  • Quatrain
  • Imagery
  • & Many more!
poetic terms figurative language
Poetic Terms/Figurative Language
  • What is Figurative Language?
    • The use of a word (or words) that is separate from its usual (literal) meaning
    • Words that go beyond their normal meaning.
simile
Simile
  • Compares two things using “like” or “as”
  • Examples:
    • Her eyes sparkled like the night sky.
    • He was as cool as a cucumber.
metaphor
Metaphor
  • Compares two unlike things directly, NOT using like or as.
  • Examples:
    • Her eyes ARE the night sky.
    • The clouds were puffs of cotton in the sky.
personification
Personification
  • When an idea, object, or animal is given human characteristics.
  • Example:
    • The sun’s rays kissed my pale face.
onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia
  • Words that imitate sounds.
  • Examples:
    • Boom, CRASH!, Pow, Ding Dong!
alliteration
Alliteration
  • When two or more words together begin with the same letter or sound.
  • Examples:
    • Ben slept with his baby blanket.
    • Alice ate an apple.
assonance
Assonance
  • The repetition of vowel sounds in two or more words (creates internal rhyme).
  • Example:
    • I heard the uncertain rustling of purple curtains.
symbolism
Symbolism
  • Representing things by symbols or attributing meanings with significant objects, events, etc.
  • Example:
    • Red can symbolize anger, blood, passion…
    • Eagle represents freedom/U.S.
oxymoron
Oxymoron
  • Words or phrases that are combined that contradict or disagree with each other.
  • Examples:
    • Black light, Pretty ugly, Jumbo shrimp, etc…
hyperbole
Hyperbole
  • An exaggeration or overstatement for effect/to emphasize a point.
  • Example:
    • I worked a million times harder today!
    • That giraffe was as tall as the CN Tower!
imagery 5 types
Imagery (5 types)
  • 1. Visual
    • Language that appeals to your SIGHT
    • E.g. The mighty oak with its rugged branches…
  • 2. Auditory
    • Language that appeals to your HEARING
    • E.g. The waves were gently lapping the shore, whispering…
  • 3. Olfactory
    • Language that appeals to your SMELL
    • E.g. Grandma’s freshly baked bread was calling out to me…
imagery 5 types cont d
Imagery (5 types) Cont’d
  • 4. Gustatory
    • Language that appeals to your TASTE
    • E.g. The sweet chocolate in the gooey cookies…
  • 5. Tactile
    • Language that appeals to your TOUCH
    • E.g. The satin sheets were like sleeping on a cloud…
the end
The End
  • Now for some fun review!
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfwbMiZUZ0M&feature=related
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