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Objective : To examine the Native American cultures of the American Southwest. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Objective : To examine the Native American cultures of the American Southwest. Early Cultures of the Southwest. Hohokams: (which, in the Pima Indian language, means "the people who have gone away" ). lived in present day Arizona approximately 3,000 years ago.

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Objective : To examine the Native American cultures of the American Southwest.

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Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

Objective: To examine the Native American cultures of the American Southwest.


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

Early Cultures of the Southwest

Hohokams: (which, in the Pima Indian language, means "the people who have gone away" )

  • lived in present day Arizona approximately 3,000 years ago

  • learned to farm in the desert by creating an irrigation system from nearby rivers


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

Artist's rendition of the Pueblo Grande platform mound, by Michael Hampshire.


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

Anasazis– the “ancient ones” in the Navajo language

  • farmed in the desert using irrigation, such as the Hohokams

  • built large houses called pueblos out of adobe, or sun-dried bricks

  • pueblos could shelter hundreds of families at a time

Cliff Palace, Mesa Verde National Park


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

Cliff dwellers:

  • Some Anasazis built adobe houses along the side of cliffs in order to make them harder to attack.

  • Archaeologists believe that the Anasazis left the southwest after a severe drought, or long dry spell, approximately 800 years ago.


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

Peoples of the Southwest

  • The Pueblos were descendents of the Anasazis.

Pueblos

Hopis

Lagunas

Acomas

Zuñis


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

Hopi Girl With Squash Blossom Hair (circa 1905)(hair style signifies an unmarried woman)

Hopi Woman (circa 1905)


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

  • The Pueblos built adobe houses and farmed the desert through irrigation, as did the Anasais and Hohokams.

  • Each Pueblo village had a kiva, which was an underground chamber where men held religious ceremonies.

  • The Pueblo people were matrilineal, which means that they traced their family lines through their mothers.

- Married men lived with his wife’s family.

- Pueblo wives owned most of the family property.


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

Interior of Snake Kiva at Walpi Pueblo (circa 1899)

Snake Priests Entering Kiva (circa 1890 - 1910)


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

  • About 500 years ago, the Apaches and Navajos appeared in the Southwest.

  • The Apaches and Navajos were hunters that frequently raided Pueblo fields for food.

Apache warrior


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

  • The Navajos learned to farm from the Pueblos and made called hogans, which were houses made of mud plaster over a foundation of wooden poles.

It was filled with light from an opening at the top of the ceiling, which was about two feet square. The hogan, because of its thick earthen walls, is cool during the heat of the summer and warm during winter.


Objective to examine the native american cultures of the american southwest

  • The Apaches remained hunters and frequently traded buffalo meat and animal skins with the Pueblos for corn and cloth.

George Catlin. "Buffalo Hunt, Chase." 1844


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