Nouns. Pre-Modifiers. NOUNS – Pre Modifiers. What if a single noun isn't specific enough for our purposes? How then do we modify a noun to construct a more specific reference? . NOUNS – Pre Modifiers. HOUSE WHITE HOUSE MAN LARGE MAN. NOUNS – Pre Modifiers.
What if a single noun isn't
specific enough for our
purposes? How then do we
modify a noun to construct a
more specific reference?
Modifiers before the noun are called
pre-modifiers. All of the pre-
modifiers that are present and the
noun together form a noun phrase .
The most common pre-modifiers are adjectives,
such as red , long , hot . Other types of words
often play this same role.
Not only articles - the water
but also verbs - running water
and possessive pronouns - her thoughts
Pre-modifiers limit the reference in a wide variety of ways.
Order: second, last
Location: kitchen, westerly
Source or Origin: Canadian
Color: red, dark
Smell: acrid, scented
Material: metal, oak
Size: large, 5-inch
Luster: shiny, dull
Some noun phrases are short:
Some are long:
the second shiny red Swedish touring sedan
a large smelly red Irish setter
my carved green Venetian glass saladbowl
Each construction would function as a single unit within a sentence.
The noun phrase is the most common unit in English sentences.
See how much you can expand a pre-modifier in a noun phrase:
the history book
the American history book
the illustrated American history book
the recent illustrated American history book
the recent controversial illustrated American historybook
the recent controversial illustrated leather bound American history book