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After Training: Options for FMGs. Connie Berry, Manager Texas Primary Care Office January 13, 2009. Proposed State Legislation. Senate Bill 86

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After Training: Options for FMGs

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After training options for fmgs

After Training: Options for FMGs

Connie Berry, Manager

Texas Primary Care Office

January 13, 2009


Proposed state legislation

Proposed State Legislation

Senate Bill 86

Filed early, would require any physician who is not a US citizen or Permanent Resident to work in a shortage or underserved area. This mirrors New York law, which also has provisions for the state to designate facilities, such as teaching and charity hospitals as serving the underserved.

Why is this being proposed? To obligate all foreign physicians trained in the US to serving the underserved. Addresses the issue of a service obligation for physicians who enter and train on the H1-B visa.


After training options for fmgs

Differences Between J-1 and H1B Visa


After training options for fmgs

Differences between J-1 and H1B Visas


After training options for fmgs

Differences between J-1 and H1B Visa


After training options for fmgs

Differences between J-1 and H1B Visa


After training options for fmgs

Differences between J-1 and H1B Visa


Does the conrad 30 program work

Does the Conrad 30 Program work?

  • Texas “Where are they now?” analysis

    • 71 physicians recommended for a waiver in Texas have completed their obligation

    • 120 are currently under their 3-year obligation

    • Of the completers:

      • 56.3% still in the same city

      • 77.5% still in the same county

      • 88% recommended for Lower Rio Grande Valley are still there

      • 91% are still in Texas!


Is it perfect

Is it Perfect?

  • NO!

  • Two-sides to every complaint

  • Parallel to any professional with an obligation– National Health Service Corps, Military docs, State Loan Repayers

  • Myths, Rumors and Really Old Stuff

  • “Barter”-- trading service of staying. Who’s giving and who’s getting the most?


What do people want

What do people want?

  • States– Docs for underserved areas and populations

  • Employers– Income generator, but not future competition

  • Waiver physicians– More freedom! More choices! More money!


Texas conrad 30 j 1 visa waiver program responsibilities and rights

Texas Conrad 30 J-1 Visa Waiver Program Responsibilities and Rights


Waiver as opportunity and transition

Waiver as Opportunity and Transition

Going from Residency or Fellowship training, into private practice is a transition. The employment settings, public compared to private practice, are very different.

We have developed these Rights and Responsibilities for the Physicians and their Employers, to help make the transition a success for both.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I am Responsible for respecting my employer’s offer of employment

    An offer of employment is a serious commitment, with immediate and long term financial implications. The employer is also committing their personal and professional time and practice support. These obligations have value, both financial and intrinsic. Accepting the offer of employment should recognize and respect the value of the offer.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights1

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I am Responsible for asking for clarification of any contract terms I do not understand

    Contract language can be confusing, even if English is your first language. BEFORE SIGNING a contract, ask about anything you don’t understand or ask to have an opportunity to have someone with contract expertise, review it with you.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights2

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I am Responsible for practice performance that exceeds my sponsor’s level of investment

    Productivity, such as the number of patients seen each day, is one measure of performance. The physician and employer can discuss marketing and scheduling to increase productivity. This is not a 9 to 5 job.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights3

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I am Responsible to my employer to request approval for any outside employment and gain appropriate work authorization

    Moonlighting or working for another employer is only OK if the primary employer approves. The outside employment may conflict with the primary job.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights4

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I am Responsible for treating every patient, staff member and affiliate with the utmost respect and dignity without regard to race, gender, education, ethnicity or religion

    Understanding the culture of the patients, peers, co-workers and community is important for success, whether in the obligated position or in developing skills for remaining in the US. Non-discrimination is the law in the US, but it’s also our expectation for respect for diversity.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights5

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I am Responsible for behaving in a professional manner as is expected of a physician

    Expectations for a good work ethic and attention to professional standards, such as charting and documenting services you provide are not negotiable. Meet with your employer and peers regularly and join physician associations to further continuing education and expectations.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights6

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I am Responsible for knowing and acting as though my conduct is a reflection of the practice, because it is

    Be mindful of how your behavior is viewed by others in your community. Be sure that your family knows they are seen as an extension of you and the practice your are associated with.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights7

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I have a Right to be treated equal to my peers

    Your obligation doesn’t make you an “indentured servant.” Negotiate with your employer about equal treatment as far as taking call, etc. Remember also sometimes the newest doc gets the least choice in schedules or duties.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights8

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I have a Right to be compensated as agreed in the employment contract

    The contracted salary is part of the agreement that allowed the waiver recommendation. If you sign a new contract, it may not meet the requirements for the waiver. This may also limit your right to ask for a much higher salary.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights9

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I have a Right to expect all billings submitted for my services will be lawful and correct

    Ask questions, ask to verify billings submitted under your ID number and license. You can be liable for any errors or unlawful submissions.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights10

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I have a Right to regular performance meetings to avoid work issues from escalating

    Meet regularly with your employer and other key staff (Director of Nursing!) to be sure that any problems are addressed. This will also let you know whether your performance is on track with your employer’s expectations.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights11

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I have a Right to discuss my situation with legal or government professionals if necessary

    If issues with your contract or employment concern you, our office can talk with you and advise you about possible solutions.


J 1 visa waiver physicians responsibilities and rights12

J-1 Visa Waiver Physicians Responsibilities and Rights

  • I have a Right to leave the practice with no repercussions after my obligation is complete

    Be sure that you have been open with your employer about your future plans. If you successfully complete your obligation and the contract terms, you should be able to practice more independently. Be aware of any non-solicitation clauses in your contract and abide by them, and also be aware of Immigration regulations and opportunities. For example, getting a “green card” or permanent residency will require employment that meets USCIS requirements.


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I am Responsible for fair and equitable treatment, without regard to visa status, race, gender, education, ethnicity or religion


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician1

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I am Responsible for timely salary payment as agreed in the employment contract


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician2

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I am Responsible for upholding all other terms of the contract. Any re-negotiations must meet Visa Waiver Requirements


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician3

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I am Responsible for clearly stating my performance expectations and providing assistance for reaching these goals


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician4

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I am Responsible for setting the example of professionalism that I hold others to


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician5

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I am Responsible for meeting regularly to resolve issues in the workplace or agreement


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician6

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I am Responsible for assuring “clean” and legal billings on behalf of my clinic and employees


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician7

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I have the Right to expect compliance with contracted service and benefits


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician8

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I have the Right to be notified of any outside employment


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician9

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I have the Right to be respected for my agreement to employ this physician


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician10

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I have the Right to be consulted over any decisions that may impact my role as an employer


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician11

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I have the Right to discuss financial implications of the employee or their behavior


Responsibilities and rights of physicians who employ a j 1 visa waiver physician12

Responsibilities and Rights of Physicians who Employ a J-1 Visa Waiver Physician

  • I have the Right to expect fully professional behavior and conduct on the part of the sponsored employee


After training options for fmgs

Good Luck!Please let us know if you have any questions. We are open to talking with physicians and employers, whether or not they are in Texas or plan to work in Texas. We know when a lawyer might be a better resource, we are not immigration specialists.

Contact: Clay Daniel, 512.458.7518 or [email protected]

(These slides will be posted on our website: http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/chpr/j1info.shtm)


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