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CP218 Transportation Studio. Parking in Downtown Berkeley. December 2007. Parking in Downtown Berkeley. CP218 Transportation Studio December 2007. Agenda. Project Overview Data Summary Recommendations Final Thoughts. Project Overview. Downtown Berkeley

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CP218 Transportation Studio

Parking in Downtown Berkeley

December 2007


Parking in Downtown Berkeley

CP218 Transportation Studio

December 2007


Agenda

  • Project Overview

  • Data Summary

  • Recommendations

  • Final Thoughts


Project Overview

Downtown Berkeley

is Growing

  • Downtown Area Plan calls for:

  • Increased density and heights

  • Restrictions on new parking

Downtown Berkeley

Downtown Area Plan proposed land use


Project Overview

  • New development will increase trips to Downtown

  • New parking will not be built to accommodate these trips

  • Major shift to alternate modes required

Share of trips

by private car

Total number of trips to Downtown

Downtown parking supply

Share of trips by

walk, bike, and transit

Time

Time


Project Overview

Balancing Perspectives

Residential

Perspective

Maintain parking for residents

Reduce

traffic impacts of new development

Ensure parking availability within Downtown

Encourage alternate

modes

Increase total trips

Downtown

Reduce number of parking facilities

Downtown

Reduce congestion related to

cruising

Increase parking facilities Downtown

Reduce vehicle

trips Downtown

Emissions

Reduction

Perspective

Business

Perspective


Project Overview

4

Estimate revenue outcome and suggest potential expenditures

3

Formulate a parking management strategy

2

Identify concerns and opportunities

1

Assess current parking conditions

Studio Methodology


Agenda

  • Project Overview

  • Data Summary

    • On-Street

    • Off-Street

    • Usage and Perceptions

  • Recommendations

  • Final Thoughts


Downtown Berkeley Parking Supply

Hours of Operation

9 AM – 6 PM


On-Street

Sebastian

  • 1394 spaces

  • 689 mechanical meters

  • 266 pay & display

  • 439 un-metered


On-Street

Average occupancy during meter hours: 76%


On-Street

Average occupancy after meter hours: 91%


On-Street

Saturday occupancy

(sample of 59 blockfaces)

During meter hours:

78% average occupancy

(vs. 77% on same blockfaces during weekdays)

During evening hours:

91% average occupancy

(vs 93% on same blockfaces during weekdays)


On-Street

No. of Spaces by Time Limit


On-Street

How Long People Park in Metered Spaces


Parking Spillover in Residential Areas

On-Street


Off-Street

Berkeley Way Lot (Public) - 111

University Hall Garage - 262

Promenade Garage - 120

Center Street Garage - 420

Allston Way Garage - 610

Kittredge Garage - 165

  • 1,688 spaces

  • Rates from $1.00 - $2.50/hr

  • Max garage occupancy: 85%

  • Midday weekday usage highest

  • Weekend usage light

  • Evening usage extremely light: UHG weekday occupancy=4%


Come often

Many come several times a week

Do different things

Many come for shopping and services

Have short visits

Most stay for less than 2 hours

Get there a number of ways

Most use two or more modes

Usage and Perceptions

Downtown Users:


How and where people park Downtown:

On-Street Parking Issues:

People favor non-garage options

Street parking hard to find

Meter time limits too short

Garage Issues:

Uncertainty about locations & availability

Usage and Perceptions


Summary of Current Conditions

  • Daytime demand for on-street parking spatially clustered

  • Occupancy rates during evening hours high throughout Downtown

  • Off-street garages underutilized, especially during evening

  • Visitors perceive lack of parking spaces, unaware of garages


Agenda

  • Project Overview

  • Data Summary

  • Recommendations

  • Final Thoughts


Recommendations

Encourage parking in underutilized areas

Raise revenues and encourage use of alternate modes

Promote evening availability of on-street parking

Price parking by zone

Increase price of on-street parking

Extend meter hours


Recommendations

  • Raising Meter Rates

  • Bring on street-prices closer to garages, transit

  • Raise revenue to improve downtown

  • How Much is Too Much?

  • No clear answer, but…

  • Downtown visitors have many mode choices

  • Visitors surveyed perceive on-street parking availability as more of a problem than price


Zonal Pricing

  • Convert all meters to Pay & Display

  • Implement zonal pricing strategy

    • $2.00 “lollipop zone”

    • $1.50 all other spaces


Extend Meter Hours

Begin evening hour fare

  • 6 PM – 12 AM

  • $1.00 for all spaces

  • No time limits


Estimated Current Revenue


Projected Revenue


Cost of Implementation


Determining Implementation Options

Decisions

 Considerations 

Impacts on Implementation

Funding

City Funded

Immediate

Self Supported

Phased

Spending

Implementation

Cost Repayment

Schedule

Funding

Downtown

Improvement Funds

Schedule

Political Feasibility

Time to Stable Operations


Implementation Scenarios


Usage and Perceptions

  • Downtown Users:

    • Main Concern: Homeless

    • Downtown residents support Physical Improvements & Transportation Alternatives

      • - Improved sidewalk cleaning, streetscaping, etc.

  • People outside Downtown & Central Berkeley support Parking Improvements

  • City Policy:

    • Policy T-25: Maintain streets and sidewalks

    • Policy T-3: Provide Eco-Passes for all City employees

    • Policy T-39: Encourage high-tech computerized parking


  • Implementation Scenarios

    Reach Stable Operations in 3 – 4 Years


    Potential Spending Packages

    TIM—Need info

    Bike station on alternative modes?

    More streetscape?


    Agenda

    • Project Overview

    • Data Summary

    • Recommendations

    • Final Thoughts


    Summary of Recommendations

    Proposal focuses on current parking issues

    • Spatially concentrated demand

    • Evening parking occupancy

    As Downtown continues to grow, this plan:

    • Generates funds to encourage alternative modes

    • Provides more flexible Pay & Display

    Parking strategy

    Downtown-wide Pay & Display system

    Zone pricing

    Extend meter hours until 12:00 am


    Monitoring the Investment

    Proper parking management requires significant investment of time and capital

    To ensure continued effectiveness of this proposal:

    • Solicit public opinion

    • Create statutory requirement to adjust price

      • Peg average on-street rates to garages

        or

      • Index hourly rates to inflation

        or

      • Price on-street spaces dynamically

    • Conduct periodic occupancy studies

    • Re-evaluate parking geography, e.g. “lollipop”


    Thank you

    Questions?


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