Reflexive verbs
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REFLEXIVE VERBS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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REFLEXIVE VERBS. Activit és quotidiennes. PRONOMINAL VERBS. S’appe l er *S’habill er To be calledto wear Je m’appe ll e Je m’habill e Tu t’appe ll es Tu t’habill es Il s’appe ll e Il s’habill e Nous nous appel ons Nous nous habill ons

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Activités quotidiennes



To be calledto wear

Je m’appelleJe m’habille

Tu t’appellesTu t’habilles

Il s’appelleIl s’habille

Nous nous appelonsNous nous habillons

Vous vous appelezVous vous habillez

Ils s’appellentIls s’habillent

* This verb doubles the L – refer to Review Notes that will be given to you on Thursday


Pronominal verbs are verbs that need a reflexive pronoun in addition to a subject pronoun, because the subject(s) performing the action of the verb are the same as the object(s)

being acted upon.Nous nous habillons.

We're getting dressed (dressing ourselves).

Tu te baignes.

You're taking a bath (bathing yourself).


The pronominal voiceis much more common in French than in English - many French verbs that require the pronominal voice are equivalent to the active voice in English. In French, you can recognize pronominal verbs by the se or s’ which precedes the infinitive.


There are two steps in conjugating pronominal verbs. First, take the reflexive pronounse or s’, change it to agree with the subject of the verb, and place it directly in front of the verb. Here are the reflexive pronouns:

Je – me / Tu – te / il, elle, on, ils, elles – se/

Nous – nous / Vous - vous

Then, as with all verbs, conjugate the infinitive according to whether it is an -er, -ir, -re, or irregular verb.


Se brosserSe doucher

to brushto shower

Je me brosseJe me douche

Tu te brossesTu te douches

Il se brosseIl se douche

Nous nous brossonsNous nous douchons

Vous vous brossezVous vous douchez

Ils se brossentIls se douchent

À la négation…

Se lever S’habiller

Je neme lèvepas Je nem’habillepas

I get up I get dressed

Tu ne te lèves pas Tu ne t’habillespas

Il ne se lève pas Il ne s’habille pas

Nous ne nous levons pas Nous ne nous habillons pas

Vous ne vous levez pas Vous ne vous habillez pas

Ils ne se lèvent pas Ils ne s’habillent pas

Remember that –E/ -ES and –ENT are NOT pronounced!


The most common pronominal verbsare reflexive verbs, which indicate that the subject of the verb is performing the action upon himself, herself, or itself. Reflexive verbs mainly have to do with parts of the body, clothing, personal circumstance, or location.


Here are some common reflexive verbs:se baigner     to bathese brosser (les cheveux, les dents)     

to brush (one's hair, one's teeth)se casser (la jambe, le bras)     

to break (one's leg, one's arm)se coiffer     to fix one's hairse coucher     to go to bedse couper     to cut oneselfse déshabiller to get undressed

se lever to get up


Note that many reflexive verbs also have a non-reflexive use; that is, they can describe someone performing the action of the verb on someone or something else:Elle se promène.She's taking a walk.

Vs.Elle promène le chien.She's taking the dog for a walk.Je me laveles mains.I'm washing my hands.

Vs.Je lave le bébé.I'm washing the baby.


When referring to parts of the body, the French possessive adjective is rarely used (mon, ma, mes, ton, ta, tes, etc.)

Instead, this possession is indicated with the reflexive pronoun and the definite article (le, la, l’, les) precedes the body part.

Je me brosse LESdents

Je me lave LES cheveux


les cheveux hair

la tête head

le visage face

les yeux eyes

le nez nose

la joue cheek

la bouche mouth

la lèvre lip


les dents teeth

le cou neck

la poitrine chest

les mains hand

le dos back

la jambe leg

le pied foot

À toi…Qu’est-ce qu’ils font?

Julie ________________________Pierre__________________________


Pierre __________ Le docteur __________________________


Quelleestta routine?

what is your daily routine?

I wake up atJe me réveille à

I get up at Je me lève à

I brush my teethJe me brosse les dents

I showerJe me douche

I wash myselfJe me lave

I comb my hairJe me brosse les cheveux

I put on make-upJe me maquille

I get dressed Je m’habille

I get ready for schoolJe me prépare pour l’école


I have breakfast

Je prends mon petit-déjeuner

I walk to the bus stop

Je vais à l’arrêt d’autobus

I get in the bus

Je monte dans l’autobus

I arrive to WCHS at 7h10

J’arrive au lycée Wilkes Central à 7h10


I finish my classes at

Je termine mes cours à

I have volleyball practice at

J’ai pratique de volley-ball à

I arrive to my house at

J’arrive chez moi à

I rest/ I take a nap

Je me repose

I watch TV

Je regarde la télévision

I go to bed at

Je me couche à

À toi…

À quelle heure tu te lèves?

À quelle heure tu arrives a l’école?

À quelle heure tu commences tes cours?

À quelle heure tu termines l’école?

À quelle heure tu arrives chez toi?

À quelle heure tu te couches?

D’autres questions

Tu te douches tous les jours?

Tu te reposes après l’école?

Tu te laves les pieds?

Tu te brosses les dents le matin et le soir?

Tu te couches tard ou tôt?

Tu te maquilles?

À quelle heure tu dînes?

À quelle heure tu déjeunes?


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