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Joint JAA/EUROCONTROL Task-Force on UAVs. Presentation at RST 03/4 Yves Morier JAA Regulation Director. OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION. What are JAA and EASA What is EUROCONTROL? Why a joint Task-force? Assumptions The Terms of Reference of the Task-Force. Task-Force discussions items

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joint jaa eurocontrol task force on uavs

Joint JAA/EUROCONTROL Task-Force on UAVs

Presentation at RST 03/4

Yves Morier

JAA Regulation Director

outline of the presentation
OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION
  • What are JAA and EASA
  • What is EUROCONTROL?
  • Why a joint Task-force?
  • Assumptions
  • The Terms of Reference of the Task-Force.
  • Task-Force discussions items
  • Organisation of the Task-Force
  • The first draft of the report and some selected issues
  • State of play/Next steps.
  • Conclusion
what are the jaa and easa
What are the JAA and EASA?
  • The JAA are a co-operative body forAviation Safety of 37 Member Authorities
    • Scope:
      • Design & manufacture; Operations and Maintenance of Aircraft.
      • Licensing of Flight Crew Personnel.
  • The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) operational on 28.09.03 is a EU Agency for 15 Member States
    • Scope:
      • Design & manufacture and Maintenance of Aircraft.
what is eurocontrol
What is EUROCONTROL ?
  • The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation: 31 Member States have signed the revised Convention .
  • Scope: ATM “gate to gate”
  • Future perspective: The 4 draft “SingleSky Regulations”.
co operation jaa eurocontrol
Co-operation JAA/EUROCONTROL
  • Agreement for Co-operation (1996):
    • Provide a working basis to work together on CNS/ATM issues
    • Ensure that aircraft airworthiness and operational requirements are co-ordinated with airspace and ATM developments
why a joint task force
Why a joint Task-Force ?
  • A joint Task-force is justified by the close relation between ATM issues and Aircraft issues in the case of UAVs.
  • The need for regulatory work was identified both within JAA and EUROCONTROL
assumptions
Assumptions
  • Should allow for take-off and landing at “normal” airports and use of “normal” airspace.
  • Should accommodate UAVs of various size & with different levels of technology
  • Should accommodate various kinds of operations
terms of reference 1
Terms of Reference (1)
  • Develop a concept for UAV regulations:
    • Design & Manufacture and Maintenance of UAVs.
    • Operations of UAVs (in particular approval of operators)
    • Licensing of UAVs personnel.
    • Rules of the Air
    • Security issues
  • Concept ?
    • Outline and guiding principles for regulations
    • Not draft regulations !
terms of reference 2
Terms of Reference (2)
  • Objective of regulating UAVs:
    • To protect third parties, airborne and on the ground
    • Not address mission failure.
terms of reference 6
Terms of reference (6)
  • Deliverables:
    • A concept with its justification and recommendations for future work
  • Time scales:
    • Report originally planned for September 2003 however extension until February 2004 agreed.
  • More details on the Terms of Reference can be found in Attachment 1 to this presentation.
categorisation of the task force discussion items 1
Categorisation of the Task-Force discussion items (1)
  • General
  • ICAO
  • Airworthiness and continued airworthiness
  • Environment
categorisation of the task force discussion items 2
Categorisation of the Task-Force discussion items (2)
  • Operation; Maintenance and Licensing.
  • Air Traffic Management
  • Security
  • More details on these discussion items can be found in Attachment 2 to this presentation.
organisation of the uav task force
Organisation of the UAV Task-Force
  • Sub-group I: General, Safety and Security
  • Sub-group II: Airworthiness & Continued Airworthiness and Environment
  • Sub-group III: Operations, Maintenance and Licensing
  • ATM and ICAO to be handled within the EUROCONTROL system. A two-way dialogue exists with the UAV Task-Force
the first draft of the report and some selected issues
The first draft of the report and some selected issues
  • The Draft report consists of:
    • An executive summary: TBD
    • 7 Chapters
    • 15 annexes or Appendices (today)
  • A detailed outline can be found in Attachment 3 to this presentation
the first draft of the report and some selected issues1
The first draft of the report and some selected issues
  • Definitions of:
    • UAV and UAV system
    • UAV Operator and UAV Commander
  • Safety Case and detailed codes:
    • Safety Case only?
    • Detailed codes only?
    • Safety Cases and detailed codes?
the first draft of the report and some selected issues2
The first draft of the report and some selected issues
  • Two techniques to establish applicable design standard:
    • Kinetic energy of the Air Vehicle
    • Safety objectives: Ground victim criterion; kinetic energy; lethal surface; population density
  • Emergency Procedures and Flight Termination Systems:
state of play next steps
State of Play/Next Steps
  • First draft has been circulated to the Task-Force, and for “advance reactions” to Central JAA and within EUROCONTROL.
  • Comments will be reviewed by the Task-Force “leadership” on November 20-21 resulting in a second draft.
  • Second draft reviewed by the Plenary Task Force on December 10-11 resulting in a third draft
state of play next steps1
State of Play/Next Steps
  • Third draft “formally” consulted between 19.12.03 and 30.01.04: JAA Sectorial Teams; EUROCONTROL; Others?
  • Review of Comments by the Task-Force “leadership”: two days in week 7 (9-13.02.04); agreement by the Plenary task-Force on the third day
  • Transmission of “Final” report mid-week 8 to JAA and EUROCONTROL management for approval (Late February-early March)
state of play next steps2
State of Play/Next Steps
  • Transmission of “Final” report mid-week 8 to JAA and EUROCONTROL management for approval (Late February-early March)
  • More details on the process can be found in Attachment 4 to this presentation
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Broad scope of work.
  • A lot of enthusiasm led to good progress!
  • More efforts needed to truly achieve the concept for UAV Regulations
  • Final Report should be available in March 2004
  • Final Report will be used by EASA and/or JAA and EUROCONTROL as appropriate.
end of the presentation
End of the presentation
  • Thank you very much for your attention!
  • Your comments/reactions are welcome!
attachment 1
Attachment 1
  • More details on the Terms of Reference
terms of reference 3
Terms of Reference (3)
  • Concept to be based on:
    • An identification of the various UAV technologies and an identification of possible use.
    • Consider the creation of categories
    • Identify lower mass limit for regulation at European level
    • Review existing material (Existing or draft standards; Research studies)
    • Consider the use of a total system approach
terms of reference 4
Terms of Reference (4)
  • Particular attention to:
    • Approval of operator issues
    • Legal issues in relation to ICAO Convention Article 8
    • Terminology issues
terms of reference 5
Terms of Reference (5)
  • Composition of the Task-Force:
    • In accordance with JAR-11(JAA Regulatory and Related Procedures): in addition to our classical list, organisations that can contribute have been invited.
    • In accordance with EUROCONTROLrequirements for Stakeholders involvement.
attachment 2
Attachment 2
  • More details on the discussions items included in the scope of the Task-Force
general
General
  • Scope issues:
    • Minimum weight
    • All categories of Airspace
    • Applicability to State UAVs
    • Need to focus ? and how ?
    • Persons on board ?
    • Categorisation
general1
General
  • Overall objective of regulating UAVs
  • Safety Objectives; Safety Targets.
  • Interaction with EASA
  • Top-down integrated approach
    • Safety assessments
general2
General
  • Terminology
    • Definition of UAV system:
      • ground component also ?
      • Levels of automation/Autonomy
      • Performance
    • Others:
      • Flight Termination System
      • Automated Vehicle Control Station
slide30
ICAO
  • ICAO Convention Article 8 issue
  • Sense & Avoid/See & Avoid
  • Aircraft type Designators
  • Aircraft markings
airworthiness continued airworthiness
Airworthiness & Continued Airworthiness
  • Definition of airworthiness for UAV
  • How to define Airworthiness requirements?
    • Kinetic energy criteria to select an existing code for a given project and then adapt
    • Using a lethality criteria create UAV codes based on JAR-VLA,-23,-25 but with different weight limits
    • Essential requirements
    • For specific cases, restricted certificates with operational limitations
    • Tailoring of existing codes;
    • Others?
airworthiness continued airworthiness1
Airworthiness & Continued Airworthiness
  • Certification or other approaches.
    • Self-Certification
    • Third party certification by accredited bodies
  • Credit for Flight Termination systems
  • Continuing airworthiness issues ?
environment
Environment
  • Noise and emissions
    • Requirements
  • Frequencies for vehicle control
  • Public acceptance
operations maintenance licensing
Operations, Maintenance & Licensing
  • Operators organisation approval
  • Standard Operating Procedures
    • multiple operations by one pilot
  • Requirements competence
  • Licensing (Including medical)
  • Terrain Avoidance
  • Harmonisation with States UAV
  • Definitions:
    • UAV Commander
    • UAV pilot
air traffic management
Air Traffic Management
  • Communications architecture
  • Guiding principles for Air Traffic Management
  • Sense and Avoid issue
    • Equipment
    • Standard Operating Procedures
  • Relationships with EUROCONTROL
security
Security
  • Established Security level
  • Retention of control by Operator
  • Deployment and self destruct
  • Interference with ATM
  • Control of sales*
  • Physical security of ground-stations*

* : not within aviation authorities remit

attachment 3
Attachment 3
  • Detailed outline of the draft report
outline of the draft report 1
Outline of the Draft report (1)
  • 0)Executive Summary: TBD
  • 1)Introductory Information:
    • 1.1 Current regulatory Environment
    • 1.2 Future UAV Applications
    • 1.3 Background to the Task-force
  • 2)General Safety and Security:
    • 2.1 System Approach to Regulatory Determination
    • 2.2 UAV System Principles and Terminology
    • 2.3 Safety: TBD
    • 2.4 Security
    • 2.5 Communications, Command and Control
outline of the draft report 2
Outline of the Draft report (2)
  • 3) Airworthiness, Continued Airworthiness and Environment:
    • 3.1 Scope/Introduction
    • 3.2 Definitions
    • 3.3 Involved organisations: TBD
    • 3.4 UAV systems components to be certified
    • 3.5 Survey of existing UAV regulatory material
    • 3.6 Type of regulation approach and certification levels
    • 3.7 Continued Airworthiness issues
    • 3.8 Environment
    • 3.9 Major Technical issues
    • 3.10 Conclusions and recommendations: TBD
outline of the draft report 3
Outline of the Draft report (3)
  • 4)Operations, Maintenance & Licensing:
    • 4.1 Methodology
    • 4.2 Topics:
      • Collision Avoidance
      • Equipment
      • Licences and Rating
      • Emergency procedures
      • Operator certification
      • Responsibilities and Hand-over
      • Others
outline of the draft report 4
Outline of the Draft report (4)
  • 5)Air Traffic Management:
    • 5.1 Current situation in ATM
    • 5.2 Summary on T-F identified ATM issues.
  • 6)Conclusions: TBD
  • 7)Recommendations: TBD
outline of the draft report 5
Outline of the Draft report (5)
  • Annexes:
    • UAV Task-Force Terms of Reference
    • List of Participants and Contributors
    • WG I; II; III Terms of Reference
    • Other organisations involved in Aviation regulations
    • Future UAV applications
outline of the draft report 6
Outline of the Draft report (6)
  • Appendices:
    • Principles for the approach to regulatory determination
    • Safety
    • UAV categorisation.
    • Light UAV systems.
    • Draft proposal to amend EASA regulation
    • Impact energy method for establishing design standards
    • UAV safety objectives method for establishing design standards
    • Identification of subjects (WGIII)
    • Discussion of subjects (WG III)
    • Licenses and ratings.
attachment 4
Attachment 4
  • Detailed process leading to final report
task force internal process
Task-Force Internal process
  • Confirm format of report and leaders on each Paragraph/ sub-paragraph of the first draft report: September 4. Done
  • Leaders to provide their input to Central JAA (CJAA): September 30. Done
  • First Draft report distributed to all task-force members: October 7. Done
  • Comments from all to leaders with copy to CJAA: November 7. Particular attention to interfaces issues
task force internal process1
Task-Force Internal process
  • Meeting of Task-Force leadership to produce second draft report: 20-21 November
  • Second draft report sent to all Task Force members: November 28
  • Agreement on third draft report: Plenary Task-Force meeting: two days in week 50 (10-11 December)
outside consultations before presentation to jaa eurocontrol management
Outside consultations before presentation to JAA & EUROCONTROL Management
  • First draft sent to Central JAA Divisions for advance reactions: October 7. One day Meeting Task- Force leadership? with them week 45 (7 November) to gather reactions.
  • Advance reactions in EUROCONTROL before November 14 for SRC; Others in EUROCONTROL?
  • Other advance reactions?
outside consultations before presentation to jaa eurocontrol management1
Outside consultations before presentation to JAA & EUROCONTROL Management
  • “Formal” outside consultation by JAA on third draft report Division/ Sectorial teams; EUROCONTROL system; Others?: December 19. (With copy to all task-force members)
  • Comments from “outside” consultation January 30, 2004.
  • Review of comments by Task Force leadership: two days in week 7 (February 9-13); agreement by the Plenary Task-Force on the third day
presentation to jaa eurocontrol management
Presentation to JAA & EUROCONTROL Management
  • Transmission to JAAC mid-week 8 should allow to present the report to JAAC on 24.02.04
  • Transmission to EUROCONTROL SRC for approval mid-week 8 in view of approval late February/early March 2004
attachment 5
Attachment 5
  • Safety Case Considerations
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