Housing stock amenities assets in slums census 2011
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HOUSING STOCK, AMENITIES & ASSETS IN SLUMS - CENSUS 2011. Dr C. CHANDRAMOULI REGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA. A Slum in Delhi. Definition of a Slum.

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Housing stock amenities assets in slums census 2011

HOUSING STOCK, AMENITIES & ASSETS IN SLUMS - CENSUS 2011

Dr C. CHANDRAMOULI

REGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA



Definition of a Slum

A Slum, for the purpose of Census has been defined as residential areas where dwellings are unfit for human habitation by reasons of dilapidation, overcrowding, faulty arrangements and design of such buildings, narrowness or faulty arrangement of street, lack of ventilation, light, or sanitation facilities or any combination of these factors which are detrimental to the safety and health.


Identification of Slums in Census

  • For the purpose of Census, slums have been categorized and defined as of the following three types:

    • Notified Slums

    • Recognized Slums

    • Identified Slums


All notifiedareas in a town or city notified as ‘Slum’ by State, UT Administration or Local Government under any Act including a ‘Slum Act’

Identification of Slums

  • Notified Slums

  • Recognized Slums

  • Identified Slums


All areas recognisedas ‘Slum’ by State, UT Administration or Local Government, Housing and Slum Boards, which may have not been formally notified as slum under any act

Identification of Slums

  • Notified Slums

  • Recognized Slums

  • Identified Slums


A compact area of at least 300 population or about 60-70 households of poorly built congested tenements, in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities (Identified).

Identification of Slums

  • Notified Slums

  • Recognized Slums

  • Identified Slums


Data on Slum from Census households of poorly built congested tenements, in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities

  • It is for the first time in Census that datasets on Housing stock, Amenities and Assets based on the Houselisting and Housing Census are being released

  • In Census 2001, information on Slums were released only on demographic characteristics based on the Population Enumeration. For this purpose, Slum Blocks were identified in Statutory Towns having a population of 20, 000 by the local authorities at the time of Population Enumeration phase

  • In Census 2011, Slum Blocks have been delineated in all statutory towns irrespective of population size


Census 2011 Results households of poorly built congested tenements, in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities


Towns Reporting Slums households of poorly built congested tenements, in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities India : Census 2011

  • Out of 4,041 Statutory Towns in Census 2011 Slums reported from 2,543 Towns (63%)

  • Total Slum Enumeration Blocks (SEBs) in Census 2011 is about 1.08 lakh in the country

  • Largest number of Slum EBs reported from Maharashtra (21,359)


Number of Slum Blocks by Type of Slums – India : Census 2011

  • Notified Slums 37,072

  • Recognised Slums 30,846

  • Identified Slums 40,309

  • Total: 1,08,227 Blocks


Households by Type of Slums – India : Census 2011 2011

  • Notified Slums 49.65 lakh HH

  • Recognised Slums 37.96 lakh HH

  • Identified Slums 49.88 lakh HH

  • Total: 137.49 lakh HH


Slum & Non-Slum Households 2011– India 2011


Number of Slum Households in Million Plus Cities 2011

38 % of the slum households are in 46 million plus cities


Top/Bottom 5 States Reporting Slum Households 2011

Top 5 States

Bottom 5 States





Use of Occupied Census Houses only) - 2011India : 2011


Use of Occupied Census Houses only) - 2011India : 2011


A Lane in a Slum only) - 2011






Households by Household Size– India only) - 2011

HHs (in %)




Source of Drinking Water – India only) - 2011

HHs (in %)





Source of Lighting– India only) - 2011

HHs (in %)





Type of Latrine Facility– India only) - 2011

HHs (in %)


Availability of Kitchen– India only) - 2011

HHs (in %)


Fuel used for Cooking– India only) - 2011

HHs (in %)







Life in a Slum only) - 2011


Life in a Slum only) - 2011


For more details visit: only) - 2011

censusindia.gov.in

THANK YOU


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