Housing stock amenities assets in slums census 2011
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HOUSING STOCK, AMENITIES & ASSETS IN SLUMS - CENSUS 2011. Dr C. CHANDRAMOULI REGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA. A Slum in Delhi. Definition of a Slum.

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HOUSING STOCK, AMENITIES & ASSETS IN SLUMS - CENSUS 2011

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HOUSING STOCK, AMENITIES & ASSETS IN SLUMS - CENSUS 2011

Dr C. CHANDRAMOULI

REGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA


A Slum in Delhi


Definition of a Slum

A Slum, for the purpose of Census has been defined as residential areas where dwellings are unfit for human habitation by reasons of dilapidation, overcrowding, faulty arrangements and design of such buildings, narrowness or faulty arrangement of street, lack of ventilation, light, or sanitation facilities or any combination of these factors which are detrimental to the safety and health.


Identification of Slums in Census

  • For the purpose of Census, slums have been categorized and defined as of the following three types:

    • Notified Slums

    • Recognized Slums

    • Identified Slums


All notifiedareas in a town or city notified as ‘Slum’ by State, UT Administration or Local Government under any Act including a ‘Slum Act’

Identification of Slums

  • Notified Slums

  • Recognized Slums

  • Identified Slums


All areas recognisedas ‘Slum’ by State, UT Administration or Local Government, Housing and Slum Boards, which may have not been formally notified as slum under any act

Identification of Slums

  • Notified Slums

  • Recognized Slums

  • Identified Slums


A compact area of at least 300 population or about 60-70 households of poorly built congested tenements, in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities (Identified).

Identification of Slums

  • Notified Slums

  • Recognized Slums

  • Identified Slums


Data on Slum from Census

  • It is for the first time in Census that datasets on Housing stock, Amenities and Assets based on the Houselisting and Housing Census are being released

  • In Census 2001, information on Slums were released only on demographic characteristics based on the Population Enumeration. For this purpose, Slum Blocks were identified in Statutory Towns having a population of 20, 000 by the local authorities at the time of Population Enumeration phase

  • In Census 2011, Slum Blocks have been delineated in all statutory towns irrespective of population size


Census 2011 Results


Towns Reporting SlumsIndia : Census 2011

  • Out of 4,041 Statutory Towns in Census 2011 Slums reported from 2,543 Towns (63%)

  • Total Slum Enumeration Blocks (SEBs) in Census 2011 is about 1.08 lakh in the country

  • Largest number of Slum EBs reported from Maharashtra (21,359)


Number of Slum Blocks by Type of Slums – India : Census 2011

  • Notified Slums 37,072

  • Recognised Slums30,846

  • Identified Slums40,309

  • Total: 1,08,227 Blocks


Households by Type of Slums – India : Census 2011

  • Notified Slums 49.65 lakh HH

  • Recognised Slums37.96 lakh HH

  • Identified Slums49.88 lakh HH

  • Total: 137.49 lakh HH


Slum & Non-Slum Households – India 2011


Number of Slum Households in Million Plus Cities

38 % of the slum households are in 46 million plus cities


Top/Bottom 5 States Reporting Slum Households

Top 5 States

Bottom 5 States


Percentage of Slum HHs to Total Urban HHs


Proportion of Slum Households in Metros - 2011


Million Plus Cities with High Proportion of Slum HHs (Top 10 only) - 2011


Use of Occupied Census HousesIndia : 2011


Use of Occupied Census HousesIndia : 2011


A Lane in a Slum


Households by Type of Census Houses – India

HHs (in %)


Slum Households by Structure of Census Houses (Permanent)


View of a Slum in Delhi


Households by Number of Room – India

HHs (in %)


Households by Household Size– India

HHs (in %)


Households by Number of Married Couples – India

HHs (in %)


Households by Ownership Status – India

HHs (in %)


Source of Drinking Water – India

HHs (in %)


Waiting for Water Supply


Location of Drinking Water Source– India

HHs (in %)


Slum HHs by Location Drinking Water Source (Within premises)


Source of Lighting– India

HHs (in %)


Slum HHs by Fuel Used for Cooking (LPG/PNG)


Availability of Bathing Facility within Premises - India

HHs (in %)


Drainage Connectivity for Waste Water Outlet– India

HHs (in %)


Type of Latrine Facility– India

HHs (in %)


Availability of Kitchen– India

HHs (in %)


Fuel used for Cooking– India

HHs (in %)


Households Availing Banking Services– India

HHs (in %)


Household Possessing Various Assets – India

HHs (in %)


Household Possessing Various Assets– India

HHs (in %)


63.5% HHs in Slums in India has Mobile


Slum HHs Having None of the Specified Assets


Life in a Slum


Life in a Slum


For more details visit:

censusindia.gov.in

THANK YOU


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