Hillsborough County Schools Pandemic Flu Plan. Maria Russ ARNP, CPNP, Ph.D. Overview. Define Key Terms History Identify Key Stakeholders Delineate Roles Delineate Responsibilities Plan Evaluation Questions. Epidemic vs. Pandemic.
Maria Russ ARNP, CPNP, Ph.D.
Epidemic: serious outbreak in a single community, population, or region
Pandemic: epidemic spreading around the world affecting hundreds of thousands of people, across many countries
Three to four pandemics have occurred per century
The longest period of time between pandemics is 42 years
As of 2009, it has been 41 years since the last influenza pandemic
Three influenza Pandemics in the last century
1918 – 1919: (“Spanish Flu” H1N1) about 500,000 US deaths and up to 40 million deaths worldwide
1957 – 1958: (“Asian Flu” H2N2) about 70,000 US deaths and 1-2 million deaths worldwide
1968 – 1969: (“Hong Kong Flu” H3N2) about 34,000 US deaths and 700,000 deaths worldwide
Occurs unpredictably, not always in winter
Great variations in mortality, severity of illness, and pattern of illness or age most severely affected
Rapid surge in number of cases over brief period of time, often measured in weeks
Tend to occur in waves – subsequent waves may be more or less severe
New influenza virus
More severe symptoms, more complications
Entire population at risk of severe illness
May cause social disruption
Virus is similar to previous strains
Very young and very old people at greatest risk
Modest impact on societyPandemic vs. Epidemic Influenza
Is Hillsborough County Schools ready for a Pandemic Flu Outbreak?