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Introduction to the P2+ Down Woody Materials Indicator. 1st of 3 Part Training Series. Outline. Why Collect DWM data? What is P2+ DWM? What are Down Woody Materials? Sampling Design Theory. Why collect DWM data?. Forest Structure Wildlife Habitat Fuel Loading Carbon Stocks

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1st of 3 Part Training Series

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1st of 3 part training series

Introduction to the P2+ Down Woody Materials Indicator

1st of 3 Part Training Series

Christopher Woodall


Outline

Outline

  • Why Collect DWM data?

  • What is P2+ DWM?

  • What are Down Woody Materials?

  • Sampling Design Theory


Why collect dwm data

Why collect DWM data?

  • Forest Structure

  • Wildlife Habitat

  • Fuel Loading

  • Carbon Stocks

  • Nutrient Cycles


Forest structure

Forest Structure

  • Measure structural attributes missed by phase 2

Coarse Woody Debris

Fine Woody Debris

Litter

Duff


Wildlife

Wildlife

The DWM Inventory describes the amount and condition of wildlife habitat


Wildlife1

Wildlife

Mean estimates of CWD volumes for forests of the North Central Region


Wildlife2

Wildlife

Proportions of coarse woody debris pieces per acre by transect diameter (A) and decay class (B) (1=least decayed, 5=most decayed), Indiana, 2001-2003


Fuels

Fuels

1-hr

10-hr

100-hr

Total Fine Woody Debris


Fire science

Fire Science

  • LANDFIRE: National Mapping of Fuel Loadings

  • Fuels Management: Allocation of Fuel Management Funding

  • Resource Assessments: Relationships to ownership and management

  • Forest Vegetation Simulator Fuel Estimates


Carbon stocks

Carbon Stocks

Climate Negotiations

Wood energy policies and availability

Climate change mitigation


Dwm and other plot measurements

DWM and Other Plot Measurements

Completes inventory of trees from living, to dead, to fully decomposed

Microplot Sapling

Sub-plot Tree

Sub-plot Standing Dead

DWM Down and Dead


Future of dwm measurement

Future of DWM Measurement

Declining Budgets

DWM Measurement Critical to Numerous Resource Assessments

Major User Groups Request Continued Collection of DWM

=

A More Efficient version of P3 DWM aka P2+


What is dwm p2

What is DWM P2+?

Collect detailed DWM data on a few plots

Collect only most important DWM data on many plots

Vs


Theory behind p2

Theory Behind P2+

  • May better meet user’s needs using a “rapid” protocol to measure most requested data items on a “substantial” panel of plots:

    • Fuel loadings (including piles)

    • Carbon stocks (including fine woody debris)

    • Biomass assessments

  • Use QA/QC information and user/field crew feedback to improve/remove variables


What was dropped from previous p3

What was Dropped from previous p3?

  • Fuelbed Depth

  • All microplot measurements

  • CWD end-point and length measurements

  • One transect per subplot


What was revised

What was revised?

  • Transect locations

  • Only 2 transects per subplot

  • Slash piles measured along transect

  • Only CWD attributes at point of intersection measured

  • Non-sampled statuses for numerous components


Behold new plot design

Behold New Plot Design

360

2

FWD < 0.25”&

6 ft. HD.

0.26 – 0.9”

FWD 1.0 – 2.9””

10 ft. HD.

180

CWD

24 ft. HD

  • ≥ 3.00”

N

1

HD.=horizontal dist.

90

270

Subplot

45

CWD

Transect

315

4

3

FWD

Transect

Duff/Litter

Sample Points

225

135

Subplot Center


Why the new transects

Why the New transects?

  • Avoids transect orientation bias while reducing number of transects…imagine it as one big “Y” transect from old P3 design

Final subplot 1 transect balances

larger “Y” orientation


Definition of dwm stays the same

Definition of DWM Stays the same

Dead material within forests in various stages of decay such as fallen trees, branches, and leaf litter

The FIA program places numerous forest ecosystem components into the DWM Indicator


Dwm components

DWM Components

Coarse Woody Debris

Fine

Woody

Debris

Litter

Duff

Slash


Coarse and fine woody debris

Coarse and Fine woody debris


Fuel hour classes

Fuel-Hour Classes


Duff and litter

Duff and Litter

“dead plant material on forest floor surface”

“unrecognizable plant parts”


Slash residue piles

Slash/residue Piles

Piles of CWD


Dwm sampling theory

DWM sampling Theory

DWM diversity requires a diversity of sampling methods


Depth estimates on subplot

Depth Estimates on subplot

In order to estimate depth of duff and litter on a subplot…

Litter

8 sample points located for measurement on subplots at the end of each transect

Duff


Depth estimates on subplots

Depth Estimates on Subplots

Sample Locations


Depth sampling status

Depth Sampling Status

  • If point covered in snow or water it can now be indicated and not sampled

  • However, if rock or log is at point then it is sampled with potentially no duff/litter at location

Old P3 Calculation

P2+ Calculation

11 points with rocks = null

1 point with deep litter = 5 inches

Plot Average = 5 inches

11 points with rocks = 0

1 point with deep litter = 5 inches

Plot Average = 0.4 inches

Potentially Biased!


Transect sampling

Transect Sampling

FWD and CWD pieces are not all counted within a given area

rather…

All FWD and CWD pieces that intersect a sampling plane are tallied


Transect sampling1

Transect Sampling

Probability of match stick intersecting randomly placed line related to number of sticks and length of line


Transect sampling planes

Transect Sampling Planes

DWM Sample Protocol establishes sampling transects that radiate from FIA subplot centers to intersect fine and coarse woody pieces


Cwd and fwd transects

CWD and fwd transects

Use 2 transects established on each subplot to sample CWD, one transect on each subplot to sample FWD


Only measure piece information at point of intersection

Only measure piece information at point of intersection

Transect imaginary sampling plane


Volume biomass estimation from just transect measurement

volume/biomass estimation from just transect measurement?

We have only been using transect diameter for fine woody debris estimation for over a decade…now we apply similar estimator to coarse woody debris


Bringing it all together

Bringing it all together

360

2

FWD < 0.25”&

6 ft. HD.

0.26 – 0.9”

FWD 1.0 – 2.9””

10 ft. HD.

180

CWD

24 ft. HD

  • ≥ 3.00”

N

1

HD.=horizontal dist.

90

270

Subplot

45

CWD

Transect

315

4

3

FWD

Transect

Duff/Litter

Sample Points

225

135

Subplot Center


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • The DWM indicator estimates numerous ecosystem components

  • Data Crucial to Fire, Carbon, and Wildlife Sciences

  • Integral Part of National FIA Program, Completes Tree Life Cycle

  • A variety of sampling techniques for estimation of various DWM components

  • P2+ should be more efficient and robust


Questions

Questions

Blast from Past

P3 National Training

Macon, GA

2002


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