The six tenses subject verb agreement
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The Six Tenses: Subject-Verb Agreement. Writing in the Disciplines (WID) G . Griggs & B. Morales. CiViS. Verb Tenses. Tenses represent the time of the action, which is indicated by a verb. Present Tense: present action or action that occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually.

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The Six Tenses: Subject-Verb Agreement

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The six tenses subject verb agreement

The Six Tenses:Subject-Verb Agreement

Writing in the Disciplines (WID)

G. Griggs & B. Morales

CiViS


Verb tenses

Verb Tenses

Tenses represent the time of the action, which is indicated by a verb.


Present tense present action or action that occurs always repeatedly or habitually

Present Tense: present action or action that occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually

  • The children are ready to leave for school.

  • David and Samuel take a bus every day.

  • Roxana eats cereal for breakfast.

  • Manuel rides his bike to school.

  • Jaime fishes with his grandfather on Saturdays.

  • The girls swim and dive at the community pool.


Present tense tip

Third person singular takes a singular verb (with – s).

Third person plural takes a plural verb (with out – s)

Present Tense Tip!


The six tenses subject verb agreement

Present Perfect Tense: Action completed (CM) at the present time or continuing (CNG) into the present

Have or has + past participle (verb + -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n

  • He has written a text message to his friend. (CM)

  • I have lived in Yauco for 10 years. (CNG)

  • They have been friends for five years. (____)

  • Felix has broken the 10 K world’s record. (____)

  • Brenda has brought a cake to the party. (____)

  • We have felt sick for two days. (____)

CNG

CM

CM

CNG


Exercises present pr present perfect prp

Exercises Present (Pr) & Present Perfect (PrP)

Eat (Pr)

Eat (PrP)

Catch (Pr)

Catch (PrP)

Jump (Pr)

Jump (PrP)

Write (Pr)

Write (PrP)

eats

has eaten

  • Juan __________ a hamburger.

  • Juan __________ a hamburger.

  • Yomi _________ the ball.

  • Yomi _________ the ball.

  • Susan _________ over the fence.

  • Susan _________ over the fence.

  • I ___________ every day.

  • I ___________ every day.

catches

has caught

jumps

has jumped

write

have written


Past tense a definite completed action in the past

Past Tense: A definite completed action in the past

  • The children left for school.

  • David and Samuel took a bus every day.

  • Roxana ate cereal for breakfast.

  • Manuel rode his bike to school.

  • Jaime fished with his grandfather on Saturdays.

  • The girls swam and dove at the community pool.


Past tense tip

Regular verbs add –d or –ed in the past tense for all persons. Irregular verbs must be learned!

Past Tense Tip!


The six tenses subject verb agreement

Past Perfect Tense: Action completed before a stated or known time in the past

Had + Past Participle(verb + -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n

  • He had written a text message to his friend yesterday.

  • I had lived in Yauco for 10 years before I moved to Lajas.

  • They had been friends for five years when I met them.

  • Felix had broken the world’s record before Pedro.

  • Brenda had brought a cake to the party that day.

  • We had felt sick for two days during our vacation.


Exercises past pa past perfect pap

Exercises Past (Pa) & Past Perfect (PaP)

Eat (Pa)

Eat (PaP)

Catch (Pa)

Catch (PaP)

Jump (Pa)

Jump (PaP)

Write (Pa)

Write (PaP)

ate

had eaten

  • Juan __________ a hamburger.

  • Juan __________ a hamburger.

  • Yomi _________ the ball.

  • Yomi _________ the ball.

  • Susan _________ over the fence.

  • Susan _________ over the fence.

  • I ___________ every day.

  • I ___________ every day.

caught

had caught

jumped

had jumped

wrote

had written


The six tenses subject verb agreement

Future Tense: Action that has not yet occurred but will take place in the future (uses “Will” or “going to”)

  • The children are going to leave for school.

  • David and Samuel will take a bus every day.

  • Roxana is going to eat cereal for breakfast.

  • Manuel will ride his bike to school.

  • Jaime will fish with his grandfather on Saturdays.

  • The girls will swim and dive at the community pool.


Future tense tip

Future tenses use will or the proper present tense of be with going to

FutureTense Tip!


The six tenses subject verb agreement

Future Perfect Tense: Action that will be complete before a known time in the future

Will have + Past Participle(verb + -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n

  • He will have written a text message to his friend by noon.

  • I will have lived in Yauco for 10 years this September.

  • They will have been married for five years next week.

  • Felix will have broken the world’s record for 2 years.

  • Brenda will have brought a cake to the party tomorrow.

  • We will have felt sick for two days tomorrow.


Exercises future f future perfect f p

Exercises Future (F) & Future Perfect (FP)

Eat (F)

Eat (FP)

Catch (F)

Catch (FP)

Jump (F)

Jump (FP)

Write (F)

Write (FP)

will eat

  • Juan __________ a hamburger.

  • Juan __________ a hamburger.

  • Yomi _________ the ball.

  • Yomi _________ the ball.

  • Susan _________ over the fence.

  • Susan _________ over the fence.

  • I ___________ every day.

  • I ___________ every day.

will have eaten

is going to catch

will have caught

will jump

will have jumped

will write

will have written


Summary

Summary

  • The present tense is used for actions in the present or actions that occurs repeatedly

  • Third person singular takes a singular verb (with –s)

  • Third person plural takes a plural verb (without –s)

  • The present perfect tense indicates an action completed in the present or continuing into the present

  • The present perfect tense uses “have” or “has” with the past participle of the verb (regular verb ending in -ed, -d, -t, -en, or –n)


Summary1

Summary

  • The past tense indicates that an action was completed in the past

  • Add –d or –ed to regular verbs in the past tense.

  • Irregular verb tenses are tricky and must be learned.

  • The past perfect tense indicates that an action was completed before a stated or known time in the past

  • The past perfect tense uses “had” + the past participle of the verb (regular verb + -ed, -d, -t, -en, or –n)


Summary2

Summary

  • The future tense indicates an action that has not yet occurred but will take place in the future

  • The future tense uses “will” or the proper present tense of “be” with “goingto” and the verb.

  • The future perfect tense indicates an action that will be complete before a known time in the future.

  • The future perfect tense uses “will have” + the past participle of the verb (regular verb + -ed, -d, -t, -en, -n).

  • For irregular verbs, see the irregular verbs handout.


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