Reaching a verdict
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Reaching a Verdict. THE SUMMATION. Each side summarizes its key arguments and evidence No new evidence can be introduced If the defence presented evidence, it goes first Law & Order Closing Arguments George Zimmerman closing arguments. THE CHARGE TO THE JURY.

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Reaching a Verdict

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Reaching a verdict

Reaching a Verdict


The summation

THE SUMMATION

  • Each side summarizes its key arguments and evidence

  • No new evidence can be introduced

  • If the defence presented evidence, it goes first

    Law & Order Closing Arguments

    George Zimmerman closing arguments


The charge to the jury

THE CHARGE TO THE JURY

  • The judge reviews the facts and defines the legal issues in the case for the jury

  • She can indicate which evidence is more important than others

  • The charge to the jury is often the basis for appeals if one side sees legal errors which may prejudice the jury

    George Zimmerman Case


Jury deliberation

JURY DELIBERATION

  • Verdicts must be unanimous

  • Note-taking is not always allowed so jurors must often rely on their memories

  • The jurors determine the facts in the case; the judge at this stage only rules on law

  • Facts are considered in two steps:

    • Is the evidence believable?

    • How important is the believable evidence?

  • What the jury believes determines which law applies. Ex. A hunting incident

  • Reasonable doubt means that the jury gives the accused the benefit of the doubt

  • It also means if they believe the defence’s evidence or can’t decide whom to believe, they must acquit

  • If the judge accepts their inability to reach a decision, they are dismissed ( a hung jury)

  • A jury may never disclose what went on in the jury room

    Doctor MacNeill Murders wife


Outcome

OUTCOME

  • A defendant acquitted is free to go

  • The jury usually has no say in the penalty

  • Sentencing may occur then or at a later date

    Sentencing Hearing – Trevor Zinck

    Doctor MacNeillCase Reaches a verdict


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