Past participles
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Past Participles. Changing a verb to an adjective. How do you form the past participle?. Drop the infinitive ending Add –ado for –ar verbs Hablar….Habl…. Hablado Add –ido for –er/-ir verbs Comer…Com… Comido Drop the -se from the infinitive for reflexive verbs

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Past Participles

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Past participles

Past Participles

Changing a verb to an adjective


How do you form the past participle

How do you form the past participle?

  • Drop the infinitive ending

  • Add –ado for –ar verbs

    Hablar….Habl….Hablado

  • Add –ido for –er/-ir verbs

    Comer…Com…Comido

  • Drop the -se from the infinitivefor reflexive verbs

    Enojarse…Enoj…Enojado

  • Make sure the new adjective agrees in gender and number with the noun it describes

    Enojado…Enojada…Enojados…Enojadas


How do you change these to the past participle

Cerrarto close

Perderto lose

Vestirto dress

Enojarse to get mad

Apagarto turn off

Cansarse to become tired

Enamorarse to fall in love

Cerrado/ cerrada

Perdido/ perdida

Vestido/ vestida

Enojado/ enojada

Apagado/ apagada

cansado/ cansada

Enamorado/ enamorada

How do you change these to the past participle?


Make sentences based on these prompts

Make sentences based on these prompts

  • El padre/ enojarse

  • El padre está enojado.

  • La puerta/ cerrar

  • La puerta está cerrada.

  • Los estudiantes/ dormir

  • Los estudiantes están dormidos.

  • Las llaves/ perder

  • Las llaves están perdidas.


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