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Domains and Kingdoms. 17.3 pages 499-503. Today’s Essential Q uestion : What are the similarities and differences among the 6 kingdoms of life?. What are the two broadest categories of the classification system???? Domain Kingdom How many domains are there?. 3 Domains. Bacteria

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domains and kingdoms

Domains and Kingdoms

17.3 pages 499-503

slide2

Today’s Essential Question:

What are the similarities and differences among the 6 kingdoms of life?

slide3

What are the two broadest categories of the classification system????

Domain

Kingdom

How many domains are there?

3 domains
3 Domains
  • Bacteria
  • Archea
  • Eukarya
slide5

Domains are based on the characteristics of

  • Cell Type
  • Cell Structure
  • What are the 2 cell types again???
domains
Domains
  • Archaeaand Bacteria are made up of unicellular prokaryotes
  • Eukarya are made up of multiicellular and unicellular organisms that have eukaryotic cells.
slide8

The difference between Domain Bacteria and Domain Archaea is the cell structure.

  • Domain Bacteria - the cell wall is made up of peptidoglycan.
  • Domain Archaea - the cell wall DOES NOT have peptidoglycan
what is peptidoglycan
What is peptidoglycan?
  • A multi-layer network of carbohydrates and proteins found in the cell walls of Eubacteria.
  • Provides strength and rigidity for cell wall.
quick check
Quick check!!
  • What are the 3 Domains?
  • Bacteria are made up of what kind of cells?
  • Eukarya are made up of what kind of cells?
  • What\'s the difference between Domain Bacteria and Domain Archaea?
3 domains 6 kingdoms
3 Domains 6 Kingdoms

Take out your graphic organizer and check your answers as we go through the next slides!!

kingdom archaebacteria
Kingdom Archaebacteria
  • Cell Type: Prokaryote
  • # of Cells: Unicellular
  • Cell Wall is Present
  • Structure of Cell Wall: NO peptidoglycan
  • Motility: they have flagella
  • Most are heterotrophs, but some are autotrophs
  • Reproduction: Asexual
  • Location: Extreme environments(hot springs, acidic water, salt flats, the Dead Sea)
  • Examples: extremophiles, thermoacidophiles
kingdom eubacteria
Kingdom Eubacteria
  • Cell Type: Prokaryote
  • # of Cells: Unicellular
  • Cell Wall Present
  • Structure of Cell Wall: Peptidoglycan
  • Most are heterotrophs, some are autotrophs
  • Reproduction: Asexual
  • Location: EVERYWHERE!!!
  • Example: Bacteria are on most surfaces. Some cause human diseases, some are helpful. E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus
what are the kingdoms of eukarya
What are the kingdoms of Eukarya???
  • Protista
  • Fungi
  • Plantae
  • Animalia
kingdom protista
Kingdom Protista
  • Cell Type: Eukaryote
  • # of Cells: Some are unicellular and some are multicellular
  • Cell WallPresent in SOME!
  • Structure of Cell Wall: Cellulose
  • Motility: Cilia or flagella
  • Some are heterotrophs; some autotrophs
  • Reproduction: Either sexual or asexual
  • Examples: Amoeba, green algae, diatoms, euglena, and slime molds
kingdom fungi1
Kingdom Fungi
  • Cell Type: Eukaryote
  • # of Cells: Some unicellular and some multicellular
  • Cell Wall Present
  • Structure of Cell Wall: Contains chitin
  • All are Heterotrophs
  • No Motility - Not mobile. They stay put.
  • Reproduction: Asexual or sexual
  • Found in shady places
  • Examples: Mushrooms, yeasts, and molds
kingdom plantae
Kingdom Plantae
  • Cell Type: Eukaryote
  • # of Cells: Multicellular
  • Cell Wall Present: Contains Cellulose
  • Immobile
  • Autotrophic
  • Reproduction: Sexual, asexual, or both
  • Location: Land and water
  • Examples: Flowering plants mosses and ferns
kingdom animalia
Kingdom Animalia
  • Cell Type: Eukaryote
  • Multicellular organisms
  • No Cell Wall
  • All are heterotrophs; digestion takes place inside the body
  • Special Characteristics: Organized into complex organ systems.
  • Examples: Sponges, anemones, jellyfish, lobsters, insects, spiders, squid, worms, dogs cats, humans
viruses are they alive
VirusesAre they alive??
  • Viruses are not living so they are not placed in the classification system.
activity
Activity!!
  • Take out 4 sheets of paper Stack two sheets of paper so that the back sheet is one inch higher than the front sheet
  • Repeat with two more sheets of paper so that the back sheets are each one inch higher than the sheet in front of it.
slide28

Bring the bottom of the sheets upward and align the edges so that all of the layers or tabs are the same distance apart.

  • When all tabs are an equal distance apart fold the papers and crease. Open the papers and staple them along the top “mountain” crease.
label the 8 flaps
Label the 8 Flaps
  • Similarities and Differences Among the 6 Kingdoms of Life?
  • An Overview of Domains and Kingdoms
  • Kingdom Archaebacteria
  • Kingdom Eubacteria
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Plantae
  • Kingdom Animalia
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