Regional and local economic development summit 2013
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REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT 2013. AMAKHOSI’S PERSPECTIVE ON MAKING RLED WORK 12 NOVEMBER 2013 Presented by: INkosi SN Mkhize. DETAILS. KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE Tel: (033) 897-5644

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REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT 2013

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Regional and local economic development summit 2013

REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT 2013

AMAKHOSI’S PERSPECTIVE ON MAKING RLED WORK

12 NOVEMBER 2013

Presented by: INkosi SN Mkhize


Details

DETAILS

KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE

Tel: (033) 897-5644

Acting Secretary: Mrs. KhanyaNgwenya

[email protected]


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

  • KZN Provincial Growth & Development Strategy: “KZN is one of the most rural provinces in SA”

  • 10.4 million people in KZN

  • 54% of population in rural areas

  • Argument that figure higher than that

  • Diet system collapsed, leading to high mortality rates

  • PGDS: “Adult life expectancy in the Province has dropped from 53 years in 1996, to 51.6% in 2000, to 43 in 2009” ***


What is a dictator

WHAT IS A DICTATOR?

  • Are amaKhosi dictators?

  • Authoritarian, not elected, cruel

  • Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Sadam Hussein, Hosni Mubarak

  • Deng Xiaoping: Communist Party head (1978-92) – led China to market economy and higher standard of living

  • Lee Kuan Yew (Singapore) vs Ben Ali (Tunisia)

  • Late King Hussein (Jordan) and Park Chung Hee (S. Korea)

  • Augusto Pinochet (Chile) vs Boris Yeltsin (Russia)

  • Diving world between black and white term between dictators and democrats misses complexity of the geopolitics on the ground


Organogram

ORGANOGRAM

  • LOCAL HOUSE 1

TCs

  • KZN PHTL

  • LOCAL HOUSE 2

TCs

  • LOCAL HOUSE 3

TCs


Rethinking rural development

RETHINKING RURAL DEVELOPMENT

  • What do we mean?

  • The colonialism question: are we still victims of colonialism?

  • Under colonialism rural backwards and somewhat barbaric; urban progressive

  • Eurocentric ideology and definition: stigma created

  • Sir Arthur Lewis (1954): definition of modernisation: traditional was lazy and underdeveloped, modern was progressive

  • Result: majority of African countries underdeveloped


Rethinking rural development cont

RETHINKING RURAL DEVELOPMENT/cont.…

  • W.W. Rostow: “traditional” does not grow; paradox: most Black people live there

  • Agricultural production very crucial but conceptually rural development is not agriculture!

  • Exercise caution in bringing development: too much money does not solve problem


Challenges

CHALLENGES

  • Tense relations between amaKhosi/TC and councillors

  • IDPs done by Municipality only; LHs should coordinate IDPs of Traditional Authorities in Districts

  • Substandard services in rural areas: electricity, water, sanitation, roads (Saemaul Movement; South Korea)

  • “Exploitative” development in rural areas: servitude not paid; quarry/sand not paid for: create policy

  • Rural finance/investment not existent: DFIs not coming to table; rethink model of financing rural areas; STOP BEHAVING LIKE COMMERCIAL BANKS!


Challenges cont

CHALLENGES/cont…

  • Planning to be done concurrently with Traditional structures

  • Democratisation, modernisation and transformation of ubuKhosi

  • Mentality of rural people and amaKhosi needs to change: development not only about halls and agriculture

  • Mentality of government officials must be more developmental rather than restrictive

  • Lack of education and knowledge

  • Engagements between ubuKhosi and government not structured


Development planning

DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

  • Heart of rural development

  • Planning must be result of consensus or democratic process

  • KZN Planning and Development Act, 2008

  • Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013

  • Municipal Structures Act, 1998

  • Communicating with amaKhosiand TC: we are planners in our own right


Making rled work

MAKING RLED WORK

  • Planning concurrently as opposed to “consultation”

  • “FUBU” projects financed

  • Coalface of poverty: assist us in dealing with “bread and butter” issues

  • Encourage and finance education; no sustainable development without education – emphasis on boarding schools

  • Teaching dangerously – shift paradigms of people (Dr. Hugh High, Thinking About Business)

  • Institutions can work directly with ubuKhosi


Success stories

SUCCESS STORIES

  • High performing rural schools: Inkamana High School (Vryheid), St. Augustine’s High School (Nquthu), Buhlebethu High School (Shinga TC, Mzumbe), Limehill High School (Indaka), Michaelhouse School (Umgeni),

  • AmaKhosi Rural and Local Economic Development Programme

  • Educational proposal with Eskom

  • FDI from Israel for tomato tunnel project (Maphumulo TC, eMdumezulu)

  • Tertiary education funding (Tembe TC)

  • Clinic (Xolo TC)

  • Building of Administration blocks and participation of Adopt-A-School Foundation (Mzimela TC)


Conclusion

CONCLUSION

  • By 2050 estimated that global population would have doubled; agricultural production needs to be commercialised

  • THE KZN PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS AND IN IMPROVING THE LIVES OF OUR PEOPLE.


Thank you

THANK YOU

KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE

Tel: (033) 897-5644

Acting Secretary: Mrs. KhanyaNgwenya

[email protected]


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