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GASB Update. 29 th Annual LA GFOA Fall Conference October 4, 2012 Baton Rouge Crowne Plaza Presented by Tim Green, CPA Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP. Lets Take Tim’s Test: Who believes that the GASB Board Members. Must commute monthly from Mars? Yes No

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Gasb update

GASB Update

29th Annual LA GFOA Fall Conference

October 4, 2012 Baton Rouge Crowne Plaza

Presented by Tim Green, CPA

Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


Lets take tim s test who believes that the gasb board members
Lets Take Tim’s Test: Who believes that the GASB Board Members

  • Must commute monthly from Mars? Yes No

  • Must consider GASB to be a sovereign nation in

    order to be able to issue such harsh regulations?Yes No

  • Cannot be from local government? Yes No

  • Never had to apply their own (GASB) rules? Yes No

  • Issues GASB standards only after extensive

    cost/benefit studies? Yes No

  • Are in cahoots with the actuaries? Yes No

  • Have too much wine before each meeting? Yes No

  • Must have been the substitute referee team for the

    recent Monday night NFL football game? Yes No

Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


Lets take tim s test who believes that the gasb board members1
Lets Take Tim’s Test: Who believes that the GASB Board Members

  • Must idolize the anti-social John Nash (played by Russell Crowe), a real-life mathematician who descended into schizophrenia yet overcame his illness and went on to win a Nobel Prize, in the movie “A Beautiful Mind?“ Yes No

  • Must be related to certain members of my governing

    board? Yes No

  • Should go to confession after some of the

    standards they have issued? Yes No

  • Must hold their monthly meeting at places like the

    Whiskey Smokehouse in Boston Yes No

  • Sole qualification to becoming a GASB board member is

    to be a registered voter? Yes No

Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


Current gasb board members
Current GASB Board Members Members

  • Bob Attmore (2014) - Former New York Deputy State Comptroller & State Auditor

  • Chair Jim Brown (2017) - Former partner at BKD LLP serving in the National Office Accounting and Auditing Quality Control Department

  • Bill Fish (2016) - Previously, he was the Chief Investment Officer of Chartis U.S., a property and casualty subsidiary of AIG, where he was responsible for managing $80 billion in assets.

  • Michael Granof (2015) - Dr. Granof is the Ernst & Young Distinguished Centennial Professor of the McCombs School of Business at the University of Texas at Austin

Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


Current gasb board members1
Current GASB Board Members Members

  • David Sundstrom (2014) - Following Orange County’s bankruptcy in 1995, Mr. Sundstrom joined the county as its director of internal audit and helped lead the county’s recovery. He was then elected as the county auditor-controller in June 1998.

  • Jan Sylvis (2015) - Chief of accounts for the state of Tennessee since 1995, she serves as the state’s controller and manages its centralized accounting system.

  • Marcia Taylor (2017) - She is the assistant municipal manager of Mt. Lebanon, Pennsylvania.

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Seven current gasb board members
Seven Current GASB Board Members Members

  • Members Represent:

    • 2 State Governments New York &Tennessee

    • 1 User New York

    • 1 Independent Auditor Missouri

    • 1 Academia Texas

    • 2 Local Governments California &

      Pennsylvania

Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


Thanks to david bean gasb director of research and technical activities

Thanks to David Bean, MembersGASB Director of Research and Technical Activities

For Use of His Slide Presentation

“GASB Update”

(with some modifications by Tim Green)

(Obviously slide 2 & 3 would not have been his slides)

Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP



Today s outline
Today’s Outline Members

Statement 57, paragraph 8—Agent OPEB Plans

Statement 60—Service Concession Arrangements

Statement 61—Reporting Entity

Statement 62—Codification of AICPA and FASB

Statement 63—Deferrals Presentation

Statement 64—Derivative Terminations

Statement 65—Assets and Liabilities—Reclassification and Recognition

Statement 66—Technical Corrections

Statement 67—Pension Plans

Statement 68—Pensions for Employers

Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


Website resources
Website Resources Members

  • Meeting the needs of constituents is one of the GASB’s key goals. In support of this goal, the GASB makes a variety of resources available through its website, www.gasb.org, including up-to-date information about:

  • Current projects

  • Recent major pronouncements

  • Free copies of proposals and final pronouncements

  • Educational resources

  • Resources for users.

Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


Effective dates december 31
Effective Dates—December 31 Members

  • 2012

    • Statement 57, paragraph 8—Agent OPEB Plans

    • Statement 60—Service Concession Arrangements

    • Statement 62—Codification of AICPA and FASB

    • Statement 63—Deferrals Presentation

    • Statement 64—Derivative Terminations

  • 2013

    • Statement 61—Reporting Entity

    • Statement 65—Assets and Liabilities—Reclassification and Recognition

    • Statement 66—Technical Corrections

  • 2014

    • Statement 67—Pension Plans

  • 2015

    • Statement 68—Pensions for Employers

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Effective december 31 2012
Effective MembersDecember 31, 2012


Statement 57

Statement 57 Members

OPEB Measurements by Agent Employers and Agent Multiple-Employer Plans

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Frequency and timing of measurements
Frequency and Timing of Measurements Members

  • Paragraph 8 - If actuarially determined information about an agent employer’s individual OPEB plan also is included in aggregated information reported by the agent multiple-employer OPEB plan in conformity with Statement 43:

    • a. The agent employer should obtain actuarial valuations of its individual-employer OPEB plan at least as frequently as is required for the agent multiple-employer OPEB plan in which it participates.

    • b. The agent multiple-employer OPEB plan and each of its participating employers should obtain actuarial valuations as of the same actuarial valuation date.

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Statement 60

Statement 60 Members

Accounting and Financial Reporting for Service Concession Arrangements


Service concession arrangements scas
Service Concession Arrangements (SCAs) Members

  • SCAs are a type of public-private or public-public partnership.

  • The term public-private partnership is used to refer to a variety of:

    • Service arrangements

    • Management arrangements

    • SCAs

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Scope
Scope Members

  • The transferor conveys to the operator the right and related obligation to provide public services through the operation of a capital asset in exchange for significant consideration, such as an up-front payment, installment payments, a new facility, or improvements to an existing facility.

  • The operator collects and is compensated from fees from third parties

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Scope continued
Scope (continued) Members

  • The transferor determines or has the ability to modify or approve what services the operator is required to provide, to whom the operator is required to provide the services, and the prices or rates that can be charged for the services.

  • The transferor is entitled to significant residual interest in the service utility of the facility at the end of the arrangement

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Transferor accounting financial reporting
Transferor Accounting & Financial Reporting Members

  • If the facility is an existing facility, the transferor should continue to report the facility as a capital asset

  • If the facility is a new facility purchased or constructed by the operator, or an existing facility that has been improved by the operator, the transferor should report

    • a. The new facility or the improvement as a capital asset as FMV when placed in operation

    • b. Any contractual obligations as liabilities, and

    • c. A corresponding deferred inflow of resources equal to the difference between (a) and (b)

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Transferor accounting financial reporting continued
Transferor Accounting & Financial Reporting (continued) Members

  • Paragraph 10. A transferor should recognize a liability for certain obligations to sacrifice financial resources under the terms of the arrangement. Liabilities associated with the SCA should be recorded at their present value if a contractual obligation is significant and meets either of the following criteria:

    • A. The contractual obligation directly relates to the facility (for example, obligations for capital improvements, insurance, or maintenance on the facility).

    • B. The contractual obligation relates to a commitment made by the transferor to maintain a minimum or specific level of service in connection with the operation of the facility (for example, providing a specific level of police and emergency services for the facility or providing a minimum level of maintenance to areas surrounding the facility).

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Transferor accounting financial reporting continued1
Transferor Accounting & Financial Reporting (continued) Members

The capital asset is subject to existing requirements for depreciation, impairment and disclosures. However, the capital asset should not be depreciated if the arrangement requires the operator to return the facility to the transferor in its original or an enhanced condition.


Transferor accounting financial reporting continued2
Transferor Accounting & Financial Reporting (continued) Members

  • The corresponding deferred inflow of resources should be reduced and revenue should be recognized in a systematic and rational manner over the term of the arrangement.

  • If a liability is recorded to reflect a contractual obligation to sacrifice financial resources, the liability should be reduced as the transferor’s obligation are satisfied.

  • As obligations are satisfied, a deferred inflow of resources should be reported and the related revenue should be recognized in a systematic and rational manner over the remaining term of the arrangement.

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Transferor accounting financial reporting continued3
Transferor Accounting & Financial Reporting (continued) Members

  • Improvements made to the facility during the term of the SCA should be capitalized as they are made and also are subject to requirements for depreciation, impairment, and disclosures.

  • If an SCA requires up-front or installment payments from the operator, the transferor should report (a) the up-front payment or PV of installment payments as an asset, (b) any contractual obligations as liabilities, and ( c) related deferred inflow of resources equal to the difference between (a) and (b). This revenue should be recognized in a systematic and rational manner over the term of the engagement. A liability should be recognized if the transferor has contractual obligations that meet the criteria in paragraph 10.

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Governmental operator
Governmental Operator Members

  • Intangible asset

  • Improvements to intangible assets

    • Extend the useful life

    • Increases the capacity of the facility

    • Increases the efficiency of the facility

  • Amortizing intangible assets

  • Requirement to return a facility in a specified condition – prominent info

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SCAs Members

  • Revenue sharing arrangements

  • Disclosures related to SCAs

    • General description of the arrangement, including management’s objective, status of construction projects

    • Nature & amount of assets, liabilities and deferred inflows of resources

    • Nature & extent of rights retained by the transferor or granted to the governmental operator

    • Describe any provisions for guarantees and commitments

    • Above should be reported in the notes to the financial statements


Statement 62

Statement 62 Members

Codification of Pre-November 30, 1989 FASB and AICPA Pronouncements


Five classifications
Five Classifications Members

  • Conflict with or contradict GASB standards

    • FASB Statement No. 4—Gain or loss on debt extinguishments

    • FASB Statement No. 43—Compensated absences

  • Are not applicable to governments

    • FASB Statement No. 84—Convertible debt

  • Rarely applicable (excluded)

    • FASB Statement No. 19–Oil and Gas

  • Are applicable to governments

    • FASB Statement No. 5—Contingencies

    • FASB Statement No. 34—Capitalization of interest

  • Will be addressed in GASB projects (applicable, but excluded)

    • APB Opinion 16—Business combinations

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Basic guidance
Basic Guidance Members

  • Statement 20 is superseded

    • All applicable pre-11/30/89 standards are contained in the GASB’s codification

    • All potentially applicable post-11/30/89 non-GASB standards will be “other accounting literature”

  • Guidance on 29 topics is brought into the GASB literature

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Significant topics
Significant Topics Members

  • Special and extraordinary items (APB Opinion 30)

  • Comparative financial statements ( Accounting Research Bulletin 43)

  • Related parties (FASB Statement 57)

  • Prior-period adjustments (FASB Statement 16 and APB Opinion 9)

  • Accounting changes and error corrections (APB Opinion 20 and FASB Interpretation 20)

  • Contingencies (FASB Statement 5 and FIN 14)

  • Extinguishments of debt (APB Opinion 26 and FASB Statement 76)

  • Inventory (Accounting Research Bulletin 43)

  • Leases (FASB Statements 13, 22, and 98 and FASB Interpretations 23, 26, and 27)

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Specialized topics
Specialized Topics Members

  • Sales of real estate (FASB Statement 66)

  • Real estate projects (FASB Statement 67)

  • Research and development arrangements (FASB Statement 68)

  • Broadcasters (FASB Statement 63)

  • Cable television systems (FASB Statement 51)

  • Insurance enterprises (FASB Statement 60)

  • Lending activities (FASB Statement 91)

  • Mortgage banking activities (FASB Statement 65)

  • Regulated operations (FASB Statements 71, 90, and 101)

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Early implementation
Early Implementation— Members

  • What are the Issues?

    • GASB Statement 20, paragraph 7 option

    • Guidance for government combinations

    • FASB/IASB lease project

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Statement 63

Statement 63 Members

Financial Reporting of Deferred Outflows of Resources, Deferred Inflows of Resources, and Net Position


Background
Background Members

  • Concepts Statement 4 identifies 5 elements that make up a statement of financial position:

    • Assets

    • Liabilities

      – Deferred outflows of resources

      – Deferred inflows of resources

      – Net position

      This differs from the composition currently requiredby Statement 34, which requires the presentation of assets, liabilities, and net assets in a statementof financial position

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Definitions
Definitions Members

  • Deferred outflows of resources

    –A consumption of net assets by the government that is applicable to a future reporting period

    –Has a positive effect on net position, similar to assets

  • Deferred inflows of resources

    • An acquisition of net assets by the government that is applicable to a future reporting period

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Display requirements
Display Requirements Members

•Deferred outflows should be reported in a separate section following assets

•Similarly, deferred inflows should be reported in a separate section following liabilities

•Net Position components resemble net asset components under Statement 34, but include the effects of deferred outflows and deferred inflows

  • Net investment in capital assets

  • Restricted

  • Unrestricted .

  • Governmental funds continue to report fund balance

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    Disclosures
    Disclosures Members

    • Provide details of different types of deferred amounts if components of the total deferred amounts are obscured by aggregation on the face of the statements

    • If the amount reported for a component of net position is significantly affected by the difference between deferred inflows or outflows and their related assets or liabilities—provide an explanation in the notes

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Deferred outflows inflows
    Deferred Outflows/Inflows Members

    • Statement 53—Accounting and Financial Reporting for Derivative Instruments

    • Statement 60—Service Concession Arrangements

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Effective december 31 2013

    Effective MembersDecember 31, 2013

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Statement 61

    Statement 61 Members

    The Financial Reporting Entity—Omnibus

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    A reexamination
    A Reexamination Members

    • Determine whether the standards for defining and presenting the financial reporting entity in Statement 14, as amended:

      • Include the organizations that should be included

      • Exclude organizations that should not be included

      • Display and disclose the financial data of component units in the most appropriate and useful manner

      • Are consistent with the current conceptual framework

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Overview
    Overview Members

    • The most significant effects of the amendments are to:

      • Increase the emphasis on financial relationships

        • Raises the bar for inclusion

      • Refocus and clarify the requirements to blend certain component units

      • Improve the recognition of ownership interests

        • Joint ventures

        • Component units

        • Investments

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Inclusion criteria
    Inclusion Criteria Members

    • Statement 14 requires inclusion if Potential Component Unit is fiscally dependant. That is, Primary Government has authority over:

      • Budget, or

      • Setting taxes and charges, or

      • Issuing debt

    • Statement 61 adds a requirement for a financial benefit or burden before inclusion is required.

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Inclusion criteria1
    Inclusion Criteria Members

    • Statement 14 requires inclusion of a Potential Component Unit if exclusion would make reporting entity’s statements “misleading or incomplete”

    • Statement 61 eliminates “incomplete,” and emphasizes that the determination would normally be based on financial relationships

      • Such as significant financial benefit to/burden on the Primary Government that is other than temporary

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Blending requirements
    Blending Requirements Members

    • Statement 14 requires blending if Primary Government and Component Unit have “substantively the same” governing body

    • Statement 61 expands that requirement to also include:

      • A financial benefit/burden relationship, or

      • Primary Government has “operational responsibility” for Component Unit

        • Primary Government’s personnel manage activities of Component Unit like a fund, program, or department of the primary government

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Blending requirements1
    Blending Requirements Members

    • The blending criteria is broadened to include component units whose total debt outstanding is expected to be repaid entirely or almost entirely by revenues of the primary government

    • Even if the component unit provides services to constituents or other governments, rather than exclusively or almost exclusively to the primary government

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Blending requirements2
    Blending Requirements Members

    • Clarifies that the funds of a blended Component Unit have the same characteristics, reporting alternatives, and limitations as those of the Primary Government

      • Major fund reporting

      • Could be combined with other funds for display

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Blending requirements3
    Blending Requirements Members

    • Clarifies how to blend component units in a business-type activity (BTA) reporting model:

    • In the three basic statements:

      • For a multiple column BTA

        • Additional column(s), as if funds of the Primary Government

      • For a single column BTA

        • Consolidate Component Unit data into the single column

          • Present combining information in the notes

        • Additional column(s), with Primary Government total column

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Major component units
    Major Component Units Members

    • Clarifies the types of relationships that should generally affect the major Component Unit determination:

      • Primarily financial relationships

        • Significant transactions with the Primary Government

        • Significant financial benefit/burden relationship

      • Could be based on the nature of services provided by Component Unit

    • Eliminates consideration of each Component Unit’s significance relative to other Component Units

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Reporting equity interests
    Reporting Equity Interests Members

    • An asset should be recognized for an equity interest in:

      • A joint venture

      • A partnership

      • An investment

      • A component unit

        • If the component unit is blended, the equity interest is eliminated in the blending process

        • Minority interests would be classified in net assets as “Restricted, nonexpendable”

    • Recognition and Measurement is based on Joint Venture equity interest requirements in Statement 14

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Note disclosures
    Note Disclosures Members

    • Clarifies that current disclosures require:

      • Rationale for including each component unit

      • Whether it is discretely presented, blended, or included as a fiduciary fund

        (Practical consideration: Can aggregate similar Component Units for disclosure)

    • No new disclosures

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Statement 65

    Statement 65 Members

    Items Previously Reported as Assets and Liabilities


    Deferred inflows of resources
    Deferred Inflows of Resources Members

    • Grants received in advance of meeting timing requirement

    • Deferred amounts from refunding of debt (credits)

    • Proceeds from sales of future revenues

    • Deferred gain from sale-leaseback

    • “Regulatory” credits

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Deferred outflows of resources
    Deferred Outflows of Resources Members

    • Grant paid in advance of meeting timing requirement

    • Deferred amounts from refunding of debt (debits)

    • Cost to acquire rights to future revenues (intra-entity)

    • Deferred loss from sale-leaseback

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Items that remain liabilities
    Items that Remain Liabilities Members

    • Derived tax revenue received in advance

    • Premium revenues (risk pools)

    • Grants received in advance of meeting eligibility requirements (other than timing)

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Items that remain assets
    Items that Remain Assets Members

    • Grants paid in advance of meeting eligibility requirements (other than timing)

    • Rights to future revenues acquired from outside the reporting entity

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Outflows of resources
    Outflows Membersof Resources

    • Debt issuance costs (other than insurance)

    • Initial costs incurred by lessor in an operating lease

    • Acquisition costs for risk pools

    • Loan origination costs

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Inflows of resources
    Inflows of Resources Members

    • Loan origination fees

    • Commitment fees (after exercise or expiration)

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    Statement 66

    Statement Members66

    Technical Corrections—2012


    Conflicts
    Conflicts Members

    • Statement 62 with

      • Statement 13—Leases

      • Statement 48

        • Purchase of a loan or group of loans

        • Servicing fees related to mortgage loans

    • Statement 10 with

      • Statement 54—Risk financing pools

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Statements 67 and 68

    Statements 67 and 68 Members

    Financial Reporting for Pension Plans – an amendment of GASB Statement No . 25

    Effective FYE June 30, 2014

    Accounting and Financial Reporting for Pensions –an amendment of GASB Statement No. 27

    Effective FYE June 30, 2015


    Highlights
    Highlights Members

    • Scope limited to pensions provided through trusts that meet certain criteria

    • Revises recognition, measurement, disclosure requirements for all employers

      • Liability

        • Measured net of pension plan’s fiduciary net position

        • Fully recognized in accrual-basis financial statements

      • Changes in the liability

        • Some recognized as expense in the period of the change

        • Others recognized as deferred outflows/inflows of resources with expense recognized over defined future periods

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Scope and applicability
    Scope and Applicability Members

    • Defined benefit and defined contribution pensions provided through trusts that meet the following criteria:

      • Employer/nonemployer contributions irrevocable

      • Plan assets dedicated to providing pensions

      • Plan assets legally protected from creditors

    • Excludes all OPEB

    • Applies to employers and nonemployer contributing entities that have a legal obligation to make contributions directly to a pension plan

      • Special funding situations

      • Other circumstances

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Defined benefit pensions
    Defined Benefit Pensions Members

    • Liabilities to the pension plan (for example, payables to plan for contributions at year end)

    • Liabilities to employees for pensions

      • “Net pension liability” (NPL)

        • Total pension liability (TPL), net of pension plan’s fiduciary net position

          • TPL = actuarial present value of projected benefit payments attributed to past periods

          • Fiduciary net position as measured by pension plan

      • Single/agent employers recognize 100 percent of NPL

      • Cost-sharing employers recognize proportionate shares of collective NPL

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Focus on cost sharing plans
    Focus on Cost-Sharing Plans Members

    • Public Employee Retirement System

    • Teachers Retirement System

    • School Employee Retirement System

    • Law Enforcement Officers’ and Fire Fighters’ Retirement System

    • Public Safety Employees’ Retirement System

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Npl measurement timing
    NPL: Measurement—Timing Members

    • Potentially three different dates to consider

      • FYE, measurement date, actuarial valuation date

    • Measurement date (of NPL)

      • As of date no earlier than end of prior fiscal year

      • Both components (TPL/plan net position) as of the same date

    • Actuarial valuation date (of TPL)

      • If not measurement date, as of date no more than 30 months (+1 day) prior to FYE

      • Actuarial valuations at least every two years (more frequent valuations encouraged)

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Timing example
    Timing—Example Members

    • Measurement date (NPL) no earlier than 12/31/2014 (prior fiscal year-end)

    • Actuarial valuation date (TPL) no earlier than 6/30/2012 (30 months + 1 day prior to fiscal year-end)

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    Basic three step measurement approach
    Basic Three-Step MembersMeasurement Approach

    • |1) Project Benefit Pymts |

    • |________|__________|____________|

    • 25 40 62 80

    • 2) Discount Future Pymts

    • Present Value of Future Payments

    • |-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|

    • 3) Attribute Retirement Years Cost to Service Periods (working years)

    Present Value of Future Pymts

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    Other projects in process
    Other Projects in Process Members

    • Conceptual Framework—Recognition and Measurement (PV)

    • Economic Condition Reporting—Financial Projections (PV)

    • Government Combinations (ED)

    • Financial Guarantees—(ED)

    • Fair Value—Definition and Application

    • GAAP Hierarchy

    • Other Postemployment Benefits

    • Pension Implementation Guides

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Questions

    Questions? Members


    The newly updated and expanded gasb user guide series
    The Newly Updated and Expanded GASB User Guide Series Members

    • What You Should Know about Your Local Government’s Finances—now available

    • What You Should Know about Your School District’s Finances—now available

    • An Analyst’s Guide to Government Financial Statements—now available

    • New guide on business-type activities coming soon

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


    Contact
    Contact Members

    • Tim Green, CPA, Partner

    • Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP

    • 2441 Tower Drive

    • Monroe, LA 71201

    • Email: [email protected]

    • Telephone: 318.388.4422

    Allen, Green & Williamson, LLP


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