Aim what were the causes and effects of the fall of the soviet union
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Aim: What were the causes and effects of the fall of the Soviet Union? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Aim: What were the causes and effects of the fall of the Soviet Union?. Mikhael Gorbachev ’ s attempts to solve the problems of the Soviet Union. Pulls out of Afghanistan and reduces military spending Gives up military control of Eastern Europe Announces “ Perestroika ” and “ Glasnost ”

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Aim: What were the causes and effects of the fall of the Soviet Union?

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Aim: What were the causes and effects of the fall of the Soviet Union?


Mikhael Gorbachev’s attempts to solve the problems of the Soviet Union

  • Pulls out of Afghanistan and reduces military spending

  • Gives up military control of Eastern Europe

  • Announces “Perestroika”and “Glasnost”

    • Perestroika – encouraging a free market, not a command, economy

    • Glasnost – openness and political freedom; non-communist political parties allowed


Eastern European nations turn West

  • Communist governments resign, usually peacefully

  • Eastern European nations leave the Warsaw Bloc, open borders with Western Europe

  • Berlin Wall falls, Germany re-united

    http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-4434331027793809225&q=berlin+wall+video&ei=-bg4SAuU-OICi87U4gM&hl=en

    http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-181898405138602708&q=berlin%20wall%20video&hl=en


Soviet Union splits up; Communist government collapses

  • Dissension within Communist Party about Gorbachev’s path leads to attempted coup

  • Soviet government falls

  • Soviet Union splits into many different nations, by nationality group

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-8953962851459266994&q=soviet+union+leaders&ei=HLs4SNfZKpm05AKXgqXfAw


Break-up of the Soviet Union


Break-up of the Soviet Union


The Soviet Bloc’s demise

  • Most Eastern European nations (including Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) join NATO and the European Union

  • Central Asian states – “stans” – stay allied to Russia - “Commonwealth of Independent States” - but also look east and south

  • Which way to turn? Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia


Expansion of NATO


Ukraine, Georgia seek NATO membership


Russian ethnicity in former Soviet states (Pink)


Oil and Gas Pipelines in Eurasia


Central Asia - China Pipeline


Proposed Russia - China pipeline


Boris Yeltsin and the Fall of Russia

  • 1990s: Privatization of the “means of production”: State property handed over to those with political connections

  • Boris Yeltsin presided over a decade of

    • democratization

    • economic collapse

    • removal of communist “safety net”


Vladimir Putin and the Rise of Russia

  • Vladimir Putin: President 2000-08

    • Stability for Russian economy w/ help from high oil prices

    • Return of authoritarian government, Russian nationalism

    • Attempts to recreate sphere of influence in Commonwealth of Independent States (the “stans”)

    • Disputes with Ukraine and Georgia when they “look West”


How does Putin’s Russia compare with Czarist Russia?


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