Western education and critical thinking
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Western Education and Critical Thinking. Western Education and Critical Thinking. Many students who come from countries outside of the West have difficulty understanding Western education. Western Education and Critical Thinking.

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Western Education and Critical Thinking

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Western education and critical thinking

Western Education and Critical Thinking


Western education and critical thinking1

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Many students who come from countries outside of the West have difficulty understanding Western education.


Western education and critical thinking2

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Many students who come from countries outside of the West have difficulty understanding Western education.

Western students don’t do a lot of memorizing


Western education and critical thinking3

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Many students who come from countries outside of the West have difficulty understanding Western education.

Western students don’t do a lot of memorizing

Western students can disagree with professors


Western education and critical thinking4

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Many students who come from countries outside of the West have difficulty understanding Western education.

Western students don’t do a lot of memorizing

Western students can disagree with professors

Western students are required to use critical thinking


Western education and critical thinking5

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Education is different in their home countries:


Western education and critical thinking6

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Education is different in their home countries:

There is more of an emphasis on memorization


Western education and critical thinking7

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Education is different in their home countries:

There is more of an emphasis on memorization

Students respect professors and accept their views


Western education and critical thinking8

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Education is different in their home countries:

There is more of an emphasis on memorization

Students respect professors and accept their views

The goal is to learn the knowledge of the society, not to create unusual new ideas


Western education and critical thinking9

Western Education and Critical Thinking

For many countries outside of the West, knowledge is considered “Traditional”:


Western education and critical thinking10

Western Education and Critical Thinking

For many countries outside of the West, knowledge is considered “Traditional”:

The knowledge base is required for survival


Western education and critical thinking11

Western Education and Critical Thinking

For many countries outside of the West, knowledge is considered “Traditional”:

The knowledge base is required for survival

The goal of education is to teach the knowledge base


Western education and critical thinking12

Western Education and Critical Thinking

For many countries outside of the West, knowledge is considered “Traditional”:

The knowledge base is required for survival

The goal of education is to teach the knowledge base

Professors are the experts


Western education and critical thinking13

Western Education and Critical Thinking

For many countries outside of the West, knowledge is considered “Traditional”:

The knowledge base is required for survival

The goal of education is to teach the knowledge base

Professors are the experts.

Students are not qualified to create knowledge


Western education and critical thinking14

Western Education and Critical Thinking

In traditional education, knowledge is seen as a treasure and resource that must be protected for the survival of society.

Knowledge has been developed over time and development of new knowledge is a task for experts.

The task of students is to learn the knowledge.


Western education and critical thinking15

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Western education is not better than traditional education. It is just different.


Western education and critical thinking16

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Why is the western view of knowledge so different?

Most people in the West have come from somewhere else. They have left behind their traditional cultures.


Western education and critical thinking17

Western Education and Critical Thinking

While most countries see the learning of the nation’s knowledge as the most important goal of education, the West uses knowledge like a tool rather than a goal.


Western education and critical thinking18

Western Education and Critical Thinking

The West does not see the value of knowledge in the same way as traditional societies do.

For those in the West, knowledge is important only for what it can do – Help to develop more knowledge.


Western education and critical thinking19

Western Education and Critical Thinking

The West does not see the value of knowledge in the same way as traditional societies do.

For those in the West, knowledge is important only for what it can do – Help to develop more knowledge.

Knowledge is important only if it is useful.


Western education and critical thinking20

Western Education and Critical Thinking

The most important goals of Western education:


Western education and critical thinking21

Western Education and Critical Thinking

The most important goals of Western education:

Learning how to use the knowledge we have to create new knowledge


Western education and critical thinking22

Western Education and Critical Thinking

The most important goals of Western education:

Learning how to use the knowledge we have to create new knowledge

Learning how to evaluate our knowledge for quality and relevance


Western education and critical thinking23

Western Education and Critical Thinking

In Western education, there are facts to be learned, but the main emphasis is on solving problems with what we know:


Western education and critical thinking24

Western Education and Critical Thinking

In Western education, there are facts to be learned, but the main emphasis is on solving problems with what we know:

Students ask questions and identify issues to resolve


Western education and critical thinking25

Western Education and Critical Thinking

In Western education, there are facts to be learned, but the main emphasis is on solving problems with what we know:

Students ask questions and identify issues to resolve

Often there is no one clear answer. Students must evaluate evidence and decide for themselves.


Western education and critical thinking26

Western Education and Critical Thinking

For Western education, critical thinking is very important.


Western education and critical thinking27

Western Education and Critical Thinking

What is the definition of critical thinking?


Western education and critical thinking28

Western Education and Critical Thinking

What is the definition of critical thinking?

Critical thinking is problem-solving using evidence


Western education and critical thinking29

Western Education and Critical Thinking

What is the definition of critical thinking?

Critical thinking is problem-solving using evidence

Critical thinking requires that you ask questions


Western education and critical thinking30

Western Education and Critical Thinking

What is the definition of critical thinking?

Critical thinking is problem-solving using evidence

Critical thinking requires that you ask questions

Critical thinking asks you to evaluate points of view


Western education and critical thinking31

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Here is an example: Most scientists today believe that climate change is due mostly to human activity. A few scientists say that climate change is not caused by human activity but is due to the cycles of nature itself.


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Western Education and Critical Thinking

How would critical thinking deal with this problem?


Western education and critical thinking33

Western Education and Critical Thinking

How would critical thinking deal with this problem?

First, identify the problem with a question: Is climate change caused by human or by natural activity?


Western education and critical thinking34

Western Education and Critical Thinking

How would critical thinking deal with this problem?

First, identify the problem with a question: Is climate change caused by human or by natural activity?

Second, gather evidence from both sides of the issue


Western education and critical thinking35

Western Education and Critical Thinking

How would critical thinking deal with this problem?

First, identify the problem with a question: Is climate change caused by human or by natural activity?

Second, gather evidence from both sides of the issue

Third, evaluate the evidence


Western education and critical thinking36

Western Education and Critical Thinking

How would critical thinking deal with this problem?

First, identify the problem with a question: Is climate change caused by human or by natural activity?

Second, gather evidence from both sides of the issue

Third, evaluate the evidence

Fourth, make a decision based on the best evidence


Western education and critical thinking37

Western Education and Critical Thinking

With critical thinking, you might ask what your professor believes, but you don’t have to accept your professor’s position on the issue.

Most professors want you to present good evidence for your position, even if it disagrees with the professor.


Western education and critical thinking38

Western Education and Critical Thinking

The Differences:

Traditional education emphasizes preserving and learning the knowledge base.

Western education emphasizes using information as a tool to solve problems and advance knowledge. Critical thinking is very important.


Western education and critical thinking39

Western Education and Critical Thinking

We should not misunderstand critical thinking.


Western education and critical thinking40

Western Education and Critical Thinking

We should not misunderstand critical thinking.

It is not thinking that criticizes everything:


Western education and critical thinking41

Western Education and Critical Thinking

We should not misunderstand critical thinking.

It is not thinking that is rude and unkind:


Western education and critical thinking42

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Critical thinking recognizes that there are many problems to solve in our world and that not everyone holds the same viewpoint on a problem or issue:


Western education and critical thinking43

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Critical thinking recognizes that there are many problems to solve in our world and that not everyone holds the same viewpoint on a problem or issue:

Critical thinking means listening to all views


Western education and critical thinking44

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Critical thinking recognizes that there are many problems to solve in our world and that not everyone holds the same viewpoint on a problem or issue:

Critical thinking means listening to all views

It means evaluating evidence carefully


Western education and critical thinking45

Western Education and Critical Thinking

Critical thinking recognizes that there are many problems to solve in our world and that not everyone holds the same viewpoint on a problem or issue:

Critical thinking means listening to all views

It means evaluating evidence carefully

You must, in the end, reach your own conclusion


Western education and critical thinking46

Western Education and Critical Thinking

A biblical example:

“Now the Berean Jews were of more noble character than those in Thessalonica, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true.”

Acts 17:11


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