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Macbeth Notes Acts I-IV. Macbeth Summary of Act I. Scene 1. Setting - Scotland. 3 witches Indicate that the battle will be over by sunset plan to meet with Macbeth on the barren battlefield or “heath” There is an approaching thunderstorm.

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Macbeth notes acts i iv
Macbeth Notes Acts I-IV



Scene 1
Scene 1

  • Setting - Scotland.

  • 3 witches

    • Indicate that the battle will be over by sunset

    • plan to meet with Macbeth on the barren battlefield or “heath”

  • There is an approaching thunderstorm.

  • Foreshadowing of evil: “Fair is foul, and foul is fair,” what is good will be bad and what is bad will be good.


Scene 2
Scene 2

  • Duncan

    • The king of Scotland

      • orders the immediate execution of the Thane of Cawdor

      • names Macbeth as the new Thane of Cawdor.

      • sends Ross to announce this to Macbeth

  • Malcolm

    • Son of Duncan

  • Captain

    • informs Duncan that Macbeth has defeated Macdonwald, the Norwegian army, and the Thane of Cawdor.

    • states the conflict was resolved by Macbeth.


Scene 3
Scene 3

  • Witches

    • Prophesize that Macbeth will be Scotland’s next ruler.

  • Macbeth

    • mimics witches’ famous words spoken earlier in the drama: "So foul and fair a day I have not seen"

  • Banquo (Macbeth’s friend)

    • will be "Lesser than Macbeth, and greater" and "Not so happy, yet much happier"

  • Ross and Angus

    • inform Macbeth that Duncan has appointed him Thane of Cawdor.


Scene 4
Scene 4

  • Macbeth

    • Expresses ambitious thoughts in his asides

      • Aside= a remark that the character makes to the audience or another character

  • Duncan

    • praises Macbeth for his loyalty

    • Thanks Banquo for his courage

    • Announces visiting Macbeth's castle at Inverness

    • has chosen Malcolm (son) to be the next king of Scotland – now he will be Prince of Cumberland

  • Light and Dark Symbolism

    • "Stars, hide your fires/Let not light see my black and deep desires"


Act 1, Scene 5

Macbeth’s positive thoughts

I thought good to deliver thee

…greatness is promised thee

farewell

Lady Macbeth’s negative thoughts

… I fear thy nature

… the illness should attend it

…wouldst not play false

alliteration

…wouldst wrongly win

Images/ symbols of death

Raven, thick blood, smoke of hell, keen knife, blanket of the dark


Act 1, Scene 7

“we have judgment, but we teach bloody instruction (terrible deeds)

In the beginning, he contemplates murder, but then has second thoughts

Indications of confusion

Chalice, angels, cherubim

Religious allusions

Duncan will “plead like angels”

Pity, like a naked new-born babe

similes

Lady Macbeth’s criticisms

Refers to Macbeth as a “coward” and “poor cat”


Act 1, Scene 7

Get the two guards (chamberlain’s) drunk with wine

Lady Macbeth’s Plan


Act 2, Scene 1

“husbandry in heaven”

The gods are economical with their starlight

The Dagger

Illusion = “dagger of the mind… false creation”

Reality= “ I see thee in form as palpable”

Illusion/reality

Interacts with the dagger and indicates that “it is the bloody business”

dagger

3 indications of death

“nature seems dead” “withered murder” “bloody business”

Tarquin and Hecate

2 allusions


Act 2, Scene 2

alcohol

The gods are economical with their starlight

The Dagger

Illusion = “dagger of the mind… false creation”

Reality= “ I see thee in form as palpable”

Unnatural events

Interacts with the dagger and indicates that “it is the bloody business”

dagger

Macbeth’s confession

“nature seems dead” “withered murder” “bloody business”

Tarquin and Hecate

Lady Macbeth’s reaction


Act 2, Scene 3

Equivocate/ equivocator

to use ambiguous or unclear expressions

The porter presents himself as the porter of hell and jokes about the sinners

Comic relief

has a double meaning - can mean “untruth” or “to rest”

lie

“Stimulates lust,” “persuades him,”

“Makes the lover a failure”

alcohol


Act 2, Scene 3

Unnatural Events

“chimney’s were blown down”

“strange screams of death” in the air

Shaking of the earth

Macbeth’s confession

Admits to killing the guardsmen

Lady Macbeth’s reaction

faints

Malcolm’s reaction

Wants to leave for Ireland


Act 3, Scene 1

Witches’ prediction for Banquo

“that myself should be the root and father of all kings”

Macbeth’s attitude

Indicates that he fears him three times

alliteration

“heavy hand hath”

Macbeth manipulates the murderers

Indicates that they and their families will be beggars

Tells them that Banquo will treat them as animals


Act 3, Scene 2

Lady Macbeth’s state of mind

Afraid

Than by destruction dwell in doubtful

Alliteration

Four “black agents”

scorpions, bat,

beetle, crow


Act 3, Scene 4

Cabined, cribbed, confined

alliteration

Ghost of Banquo

Sits in Macbeth’s place

Dares him to be tough and approach him like a “rugged russian bear,” and “armed rhinoceros” (lines 100-103)

Macbeth challenges the apparition

Ghost of Banquo

Macbeth sees the ghost three times

Macbeth’s vow

To see the wicthes


Act 3, Scene 5

“As by the strength of their illusion shall draw him on to his confusion. He shall spurn fate, scorn death…”

Macbeth is powerless

allusion

The pit of Acheron (river in hell)


The Apparitions

warns Macbeth of a bloody revenge at the hands of Duncan’s son Macduff

Armed head of a warrior

“Thou hast harped my fear aright” (line 74)

Blood covered child

Tells Macbeth that he cannot be killed by any man “of woman born.”

Indicates that Macduff will not live

a child wearing a crown

Macbeth believes he will never be troubled by the ghosts

Macbeth cannot lose in battle until Birnam Wood physically moves toward his castle at Dunsinane.


“…the poor wren (the most diminutive of birds) will fight, her young ones in her nest…” (lines 9-11

Even if a mother is small, poor, and weak, she will still fight for her young


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