History of Western Philosophy in Five Minutes. Video. Philosophy 2030 Spring, 2014 Class #1. Title: Introduction to Ethics Instructor: Paul Dickey E-mail Address: email@example.com faculty.mccneb.edu/pdickey2 http://mockingbird.creighton.edu/NCW/dickey.htm Class Websites:
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History of Western
in Five Minutes
Title:Introduction to Ethics
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Introduction to Ethics
Author: Nina Rosenstand
Title: The Moral of the Story: An Introduction to Ethics
Edition: 7th Edition, 2013
Publisher: McGraw Hill
1) Reading Assignment for Next Class Period:
Chapter 1: pp. 1-18, 36-39
2) Syllabus Quiz on Quia website
3) “Write your story down”
The Major Fields of Philosophy
4. Ethics -- “questions about values and morality and how they relate to human conduct.”
Does a person have an obligation to others?
How should we live to be good?
What responsibilities do governments have to their citizens?
So, ask a question. Any question.
Congratulations. You are doing philosophy.
So, ask A Question. Any question.
Now, what is the process or method
of answering it? That is, how
should we do philosophy?
Well, it seems you answer it by
making a claim.
What is a Claim?
Arguments & Subjectivism
Miller taste great.
My grandson is cute.
The waiter at the restaurant was nice.
But be careful. Is it reasonable to argue that the most significant beliefs in our lives are subjective – whether God exists, whether you are living your life morally, or whom you should love?
But there is another VERY important
distinction that must be made about
claims. Perhaps even more important.
What is a Factual Claim?
What is a Normative Claim?
Now, Critical Thinking is Absolutely Relevant to Both Factual & Normative Claims
The Fundamental Principle of Critical Thinking is The Nature of an Argument
How Do Premises Support
Factual vs. Normative Conclusions?
In regard to evaluating support for factual vs. normative Conclusions, I would suggest the following two tips to keep in mind
1) Only factual premises support factual conclusions. That is, if the conclusion is factual (or descriptive), ALL premises must be factual.
2) A normative premise is always needed to support a normative conclusion. That is, if the conclusion is normative (or prescriptive), there must be at least one normative premise. Of course, there may or may not be factual premises!