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DISASTER EMERGENCY RESPONSE A FOCUS ON SEARCH AND RESCUE AFTER A TSUNAMI . Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA. FOUR PILLARS OF RESILIENCE. NATURAL HAZARDS INVENTORY VULNERABILITY LOCATION. PREPAREDNESS PROTECTION EMERGENCY RESPONSE

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Disaster emergency response a focus on search and rescue after a tsunami

DISASTER EMERGENCY RESPONSEA FOCUS ON SEARCH AND RESCUE AFTER A TSUNAMI

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA


FOUR PILLARS OF RESILIENCE

  • NATURAL HAZARDS

  • INVENTORY

  • VULNERABILITY

  • LOCATION

  • PREPAREDNESS

  • PROTECTION

  • EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  • RECOVERY

RISK ASSESSMENT

ACCEPTABLE RISK

RISK

UNACCEPTABLE RISK

GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE

DATA BASES AND INFORMATION

COMMUNITY

HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS


A disaster occurs when a city s public policies allow it to become

A DISASTER OCCURS WHEN A CITY’S PUBLIC POLICIES ALLOW IT TO BECOME …

UN—PREPARED

UN—PROTECTED

UN—ABLE TO RESPOND EFFECTIVELY

NON—RESILIENT IN THE RECOVERY PHASE


The four pillars of disaster resilience

THE FOUR PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE TO BECOME

3. EMERGENCY RESPONSE (EVACUATION; MASS CARE; SEARCH AND RESCUE; EMERGENCY MEDICAL; EMERGENCY TRANSPORTATION; LOCAL, REGIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE)…


SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS TO BECOME : The Timely And Intelligent Concentration of a City’s Resources to Meet Extremely Urgent Needs During the First Few Days After The Tsunami Wave Run Up



But search and rescue the last best chance for survival has limits

BUT ---- OPERATIONS AFTER A TSUNAMI SEARCH AND RESCUE, THE LAST BEST CHANCE FOR SURVIVAL, HAS LIMITS


The tohoku earthquake and tsunami
THE TOHOKU EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI OPERATIONS AFTER A TSUNAMI

THE M9.0 EARTHQUAKE AND THE ACCOMP-ANYING TSUNAMI WERE CAUSED BY THE ONGOING SUBDUCTION OF THE PACIFIC AND EURASIAN TECTONIC PLATES.


Before the earthquake and tsunami
BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI OPERATIONS AFTER A TSUNAMI





The result a catastrophe
THE RESULT: A CATASTROPHE 11, 2011

  • Japan’s social, technical, administrative, political, legal, health care, and economic systems were tested to their limits by the socio-economic impacts of the earthquake and tsunami, the radiation, and the harsh weather..


The tohoku earthquake is now a m9 0 event
THE TOHOKU EARTHQUAKE IS NOW A M9.0 EVENT 11, 2011

The MEGA-earthquake, which struck at 2:46 pm on Friday, March 11th, could have caused a disaster….


The earthquake is now a m9 0 event
THE EARTHQUAKE IS NOW A M9.0 EVENT 11, 2011

…BUT JAPAN was well prepared to cope with it.


A 7 10 m tsunam followed in about 15 minutes
A 7-10 M TSUNAM FOLLOWED IN ABOUT 15 MINUTES 11, 2011

Japan was also well prepared to cope with a tsunami, but ….


A 7 10 m tsunam followed in about 10 minutes
A 7-10 M TSUNAM FOLLOWED IN ABOUT 10 MINUTES 11, 2011

This tsunami was devastating, inun-dating towns, im-mobilizing airports and roads, destroy-ing buildings, and moving everything (e.g., people, cars) in its path as debris.



Tsunami damage
TSUNAMI DAMAGE 11, 2011


Tsunami damage1
TSUNAMI DAMAGE 11, 2011


Tsunami damage2
TSUNAMI DAMAGE 11, 2011


Dimensions of the catastrophe

DIMENSIONS OF THE CATASTROPHE 11, 2011

WIDE SPREAD DAMAGE AND LOSS OF FUNCTION

MORTALITY ( IN THE TENS OF THOUSANDS)

“A NIGHTMARE NUCLEAR DISASTER ”

HUGE ECONOMIC LOSSES


Societal impacts
SOCIETAL IMPACTS 11, 2011

  • Ground shaking from the main shock (which lasted about 300 seconds) and more than 150 aftershocks (many in the M6+ range) damaged homes, buildings, essential facilities, nuclear facilities, and critical lifelines (e.g., transportation infrastructure) over a wide area.


Societal impacts1
SOCIETAL IMPACTS 11, 2011

  • The tsunami, which following within about 15 minutes, changed Japan’s coast lines, inundated land and urban areas, swept people and cars away, left tons of debris, created the potential for water borne diseases, hindered search and rescue operations, and stalled Japan’s economic productivity.


Urgent need for search and rescue
URGENT NEED FOR SEARCH AND RESCUE 11, 2011

  • With so many people (about 20,000) missing over a wide area after the tsunami, Search and rescue was a moral imperative and an urgent need.


Immediately after the earthquake and tsunami, the Japanese Government began implementing its post- disaster response plans in a highly-charged, possible “nightmare nuclear disaster” environment.


March 12 17

MARCH 12-17

69 COUNTRIES PROMISED HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, BUT WERE STYMIED BY THE RISK FROM RADIATION, AND BAD WEATHER


Japan s search and rescue
JAPAN’S SEARCH AND RESCUE

  • The Japanese urban search and rescue teams, which had been helping in the search for Christchurch, New Zealand earthquake victims for two weeks, headed back to Japan to help with the S and R..


Japan s search and rescue1
JAPAN’S SEARCH AND RESCUE

  • Approximately 50,000 members of Japan’s Self Defense Forces were mobilized immediately and sent to the hardest hit areas.


Japan s search and rescue2
JAPAN’S SEARCH AND RESCUE

  • Tokushu Kyuunan Tai, the search and rescue unit of the Japan Coast Guard, was dispatched to accelerate search and rescue operations..









Search and rescue often the last best chance for survival has limits

SEARCH AND RESCUE, OFTEN THE LAST BEST CHANCE FOR SURVIVAL, --- HAS LIMITS

ON MARCH 14TH, SOME SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS FOUND NO ONE TO RESCUE


Natori no one to rescue march 14
NATORI: NO ONE TO RESCUE; MARCH 14 SURVIVAL, --- HAS LIMITS



Natori no one to rescue march 141
NATORI: NO ONE TO RESCUE: MARCH 14 SURVIVAL, --- HAS LIMITS


No one to rescue
NO ONE TO RESCUE SURVIVAL, --- HAS LIMITS


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