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DISASTER EMERGENCY RESPONSE A FOCUS ON SEARCH AND RESCUE AFTER A TSUNAMI . Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA. FOUR PILLARS OF RESILIENCE. NATURAL HAZARDS INVENTORY VULNERABILITY LOCATION. PREPAREDNESS PROTECTION EMERGENCY RESPONSE

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disaster emergency response a focus on search and rescue after a tsunami

DISASTER EMERGENCY RESPONSEA FOCUS ON SEARCH AND RESCUE AFTER A TSUNAMI

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA

slide2

FOUR PILLARS OF RESILIENCE

  • NATURAL HAZARDS
  • INVENTORY
  • VULNERABILITY
  • LOCATION
  • PREPAREDNESS
  • PROTECTION
  • EMERGENCY RESPONSE
  • RECOVERY

RISK ASSESSMENT

ACCEPTABLE RISK

RISK

UNACCEPTABLE RISK

GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE

DATA BASES AND INFORMATION

COMMUNITY

HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS

a disaster occurs when a city s public policies allow it to become

A DISASTER OCCURS WHEN A CITY’S PUBLIC POLICIES ALLOW IT TO BECOME …

UN—PREPARED

UN—PROTECTED

UN—ABLE TO RESPOND EFFECTIVELY

NON—RESILIENT IN THE RECOVERY PHASE

the four pillars of disaster resilience

THE FOUR PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE

3. EMERGENCY RESPONSE (EVACUATION; MASS CARE; SEARCH AND RESCUE; EMERGENCY MEDICAL; EMERGENCY TRANSPORTATION; LOCAL, REGIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE)…

slide5

SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS: The Timely And Intelligent Concentration of a City’s Resources to Meet Extremely Urgent Needs During the First Few Days After The Tsunami Wave Run Up

the tohoku earthquake and tsunami
THE TOHOKU EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI

THE M9.0 EARTHQUAKE AND THE ACCOMP-ANYING TSUNAMI WERE CAUSED BY THE ONGOING SUBDUCTION OF THE PACIFIC AND EURASIAN TECTONIC PLATES.

the result a catastrophe
THE RESULT: A CATASTROPHE
  • Japan’s social, technical, administrative, political, legal, health care, and economic systems were tested to their limits by the socio-economic impacts of the earthquake and tsunami, the radiation, and the harsh weather..
the tohoku earthquake is now a m9 0 event
THE TOHOKU EARTHQUAKE IS NOW A M9.0 EVENT

The MEGA-earthquake, which struck at 2:46 pm on Friday, March 11th, could have caused a disaster….

the earthquake is now a m9 0 event
THE EARTHQUAKE IS NOW A M9.0 EVENT

…BUT JAPAN was well prepared to cope with it.

a 7 10 m tsunam followed in about 15 minutes
A 7-10 M TSUNAM FOLLOWED IN ABOUT 15 MINUTES

Japan was also well prepared to cope with a tsunami, but ….

a 7 10 m tsunam followed in about 10 minutes
A 7-10 M TSUNAM FOLLOWED IN ABOUT 10 MINUTES

This tsunami was devastating, inun-dating towns, im-mobilizing airports and roads, destroy-ing buildings, and moving everything (e.g., people, cars) in its path as debris.

dimensions of the catastrophe

DIMENSIONS OF THE CATASTROPHE

WIDE SPREAD DAMAGE AND LOSS OF FUNCTION

MORTALITY ( IN THE TENS OF THOUSANDS)

“A NIGHTMARE NUCLEAR DISASTER ”

HUGE ECONOMIC LOSSES

societal impacts
SOCIETAL IMPACTS
  • Ground shaking from the main shock (which lasted about 300 seconds) and more than 150 aftershocks (many in the M6+ range) damaged homes, buildings, essential facilities, nuclear facilities, and critical lifelines (e.g., transportation infrastructure) over a wide area.
societal impacts1
SOCIETAL IMPACTS
  • The tsunami, which following within about 15 minutes, changed Japan’s coast lines, inundated land and urban areas, swept people and cars away, left tons of debris, created the potential for water borne diseases, hindered search and rescue operations, and stalled Japan’s economic productivity.
urgent need for search and rescue
URGENT NEED FOR SEARCH AND RESCUE
  • With so many people (about 20,000) missing over a wide area after the tsunami, Search and rescue was a moral imperative and an urgent need.
slide26

Immediately after the earthquake and tsunami, the Japanese Government began implementing its post- disaster response plans in a highly-charged, possible “nightmare nuclear disaster” environment.

march 12 17

MARCH 12-17

69 COUNTRIES PROMISED HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, BUT WERE STYMIED BY THE RISK FROM RADIATION, AND BAD WEATHER

japan s search and rescue
JAPAN’S SEARCH AND RESCUE
  • The Japanese urban search and rescue teams, which had been helping in the search for Christchurch, New Zealand earthquake victims for two weeks, headed back to Japan to help with the S and R..
japan s search and rescue1
JAPAN’S SEARCH AND RESCUE
  • Approximately 50,000 members of Japan’s Self Defense Forces were mobilized immediately and sent to the hardest hit areas.
japan s search and rescue2
JAPAN’S SEARCH AND RESCUE
  • Tokushu Kyuunan Tai, the search and rescue unit of the Japan Coast Guard, was dispatched to accelerate search and rescue operations..
search and rescue often the last best chance for survival has limits

SEARCH AND RESCUE, OFTEN THE LAST BEST CHANCE FOR SURVIVAL, --- HAS LIMITS

ON MARCH 14TH, SOME SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS FOUND NO ONE TO RESCUE

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