DISASTER EMERGENCY RESPONSE A FOCUS ON SEARCH AND RESCUE AFTER A TSUNAMI . Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA. FOUR PILLARS OF RESILIENCE. NATURAL HAZARDS INVENTORY VULNERABILITY LOCATION. PREPAREDNESS PROTECTION EMERGENCY RESPONSE
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DISASTER EMERGENCY RESPONSEA FOCUS ON SEARCH AND RESCUE AFTER A TSUNAMI
Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA
FOUR PILLARS OF RESILIENCE
GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE
DATA BASES AND INFORMATION
HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS
A DISASTER OCCURS WHEN A CITY’S PUBLIC POLICIES ALLOW IT TO BECOME …
UN—ABLE TO RESPOND EFFECTIVELY
NON—RESILIENT IN THE RECOVERY PHASE
THE FOUR PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE
3. EMERGENCY RESPONSE (EVACUATION; MASS CARE; SEARCH AND RESCUE; EMERGENCY MEDICAL; EMERGENCY TRANSPORTATION; LOCAL, REGIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE)…
SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS: The Timely And Intelligent Concentration of a City’s Resources to Meet Extremely Urgent Needs During the First Few Days After The Tsunami Wave Run Up
AN INTELLIGENT CITY IS READY TO CONDUCT SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS AFTER A TSUNAMI
BUT ----SEARCH AND RESCUE, THE LAST BEST CHANCE FOR SURVIVAL, HAS LIMITS
THE M9.0 EARTHQUAKE AND THE ACCOMP-ANYING TSUNAMI WERE CAUSED BY THE ONGOING SUBDUCTION OF THE PACIFIC AND EURASIAN TECTONIC PLATES.
THE EARTHQUAKE OCCURRED AT 2:46 PM, MARCH 11, 2011
THE TSUNAMI ARRIVED ABOUT 15 MINUTES LATER: 3:01 PM, MARCH 11, 2011
The MEGA-earthquake, which struck at 2:46 pm on Friday, March 11th, could have caused a disaster….
…BUT JAPAN was well prepared to cope with it.
Japan was also well prepared to cope with a tsunami, but ….
This tsunami was devastating, inun-dating towns, im-mobilizing airports and roads, destroy-ing buildings, and moving everything (e.g., people, cars) in its path as debris.
DIMENSIONS OF THE CATASTROPHE
WIDE SPREAD DAMAGE AND LOSS OF FUNCTION
MORTALITY ( IN THE TENS OF THOUSANDS)
“A NIGHTMARE NUCLEAR DISASTER ”
HUGE ECONOMIC LOSSES
Immediately after the earthquake and tsunami, the Japanese Government began implementing its post- disaster response plans in a highly-charged, possible “nightmare nuclear disaster” environment.
69 COUNTRIES PROMISED HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, BUT WERE STYMIED BY THE RISK FROM RADIATION, AND BAD WEATHER
SEARCH AND RESCUE, OFTEN THE LAST BEST CHANCE FOR SURVIVAL, --- HAS LIMITS
ON MARCH 14TH, SOME SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS FOUND NO ONE TO RESCUE