Biodiversity: which challenges for industry?. Achim Steiner Director General The World Conservation Union (IUCN) International Environment Forum The World Environment Centre Island of Porquerolles, France 22-23 September 2005. The Red List Programme. Which species are in trouble?.
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Biodiversity: which challenges for industry?
The World Conservation Union (IUCN)
International Environment Forum
The World Environment Centre
Island of Porquerolles, France
22-23 September 2005
The Red List Programme
Which species are in trouble?
12% of birds
23% of mammals
32% of amphibians
25% of conifers
52% of cycads
The 2004 Red List contains 15,589 species threatened with extinction (CR, EN, VU)
The Red List Index for birds in different biogeographic Realms
A third of the 5,743 known species are categorised as Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable (IUCN criteria).
Fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis causes disease ‘chytridiomycosis’ which damages amphibian skins, blocking the passage of air and moisture. Other threats include viral diseases, habitat loss, drought, pollution, and hunting for food.
Calls to establish large-scale captive breeding programme. The cost of preserving amphibians from extinction may run into tens of millions of US dollars per year.
Markets = ecosystem goods and services
Promoting Conservation and Advancing Community Livelihoods through Markets for Environmental Services.
The Katoomba Group seeks to address key challenges for developing markets for ecosystem services, from enabling legislation to establishing new market institutions, to developing strategies for pricing and marketing, and monitoring performance.
planet, as well as feed it.
Orb-weaver spider silk - New fibre manufacturing technique
Abalone mussel -lightweight but fracture-resistant - tougher than anything we can manufacture!
Barbs on weed seeds – best known biomimetic invention.
Hibernating bears - clues to fighting diabetes.
Cell membranes - Super filters- for desalination and chemical separation devices.
Leaves, chlorophyll and enzymes: the "photosynthetic reaction centers" - clues to energy chemistry
…..key elements of a new generation of enterprises will be radically different from those of our contemporary modern industrial economy…..
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