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THE FINNISH CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION; STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL AND SITUATION AWARENESS. DIRECTOR OF GOVERNMENT SECURITY TIMO HÄRKÖNEN. A Question of Language. SAFETY = TURVALLISUUS in Finnish SECURITY = TURVALLISUUS in Finnish. Government Report on the Finnish Security

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DIRECTOR OF GOVERNMENT SECURITY TIMO HÄRKÖNEN

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Director of government security timo h rk nen

THE FINNISH CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION; STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL AND SITUATION AWARENESS

DIRECTOR OF GOVERNMENT SECURITY TIMO HÄRKÖNEN


A question of language

A Question of Language

  • SAFETY = TURVALLISUUS in Finnish

  • SECURITY = TURVALLISUUS in Finnish


Broad security concept

Government Report

on the

Finnish Security

and Defence Policy

The Internal Security

Programme

Government Resolution

on the Strategy for

Securing the Functions

Vital

to Society

BROAD SECURITY CONCEPT

Government Programme

The Concept of

Total Defence

A safer community


Director of government security timo h rk nen

HIERARCHY OF THREATS AND RISKS

Global

Threats and phenomena which can primarily be affected by cooperation among states

The security of the future of theEarth and its population

National

Threats which primarily focus on the state, society and the people

GOVERNMENTS REPORT

ON THE FINNISH SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY

The security of the state,the society and the population

The individual

Threats which primarily affect the individual

The citizen’sbasic security

STRATEGY FOR SECURING THE FUNCTIONS VITAL TO SOCIETY

THE INTERNAL SECURITY PROGRAMME


Director of government security timo h rk nen

HIERARCHY OF THREATS AND RISKS

International

community

Insufficiency of

natural resources

Contamination

Desertification

Over-

population

Society

Ethnic

crisis

A disturbance in the electricity grid

International

terrorism

Threats linked to migratory flows

International

organized

crime

A serious disturbance affecting health and income security of the population

Environmental

threats

Terrorism as well as organized

and other serious crime

The individual

Major accidents and natural disasters

Atmospheric

warming

Political, economic

and military pressure

Proliferation of

weapons of mass

destruction

A serious disturbance

in the functioning of the economy

Marginalization

Smoking

Alcoholism

The use of military

force

Falling incidents

Accidents

Insecurity

Violent

crime

The model is strongly simplified,

there are also plenty of interdependences between layers


The concept of crisis management

THE CONCEPT OF CRISIS MANAGEMENT

Threats and Risks

Resources at disposal

Resources within

administration

?????

?????

Terrorism

Information network malfunction

Securing

functions

VitaL

To society

?????

Pandemic

diseases

Business

community

Illegal

immigration

Disturbance in

economy

?????

Use of military

power

Environmental

threats

?????

Extreme weather

phenomenon

NGOs and

citizens

Pressure

Major accident

EU and interna-tional resources

COOPERATION AND COORDINATION

Coordination

of

resources

deployment

Reviewing of

capability

building

Monitoring

of security

environment

Assessing

of

consequences

Coordination

of

preparations


Director of government security timo h rk nen

ACTORS AND PARTNERS OF THE BROAD SECURITY AND THEIR ROLES

Foreign

Domestic

Public

Private

Partnership

Ad-ministration

(authorities)

People

(NGO)

Economic

life

(companies)

Products and

services

Legislative

responsibility

Needs of

Security

The significance of the companies in securing the functions vital to society

is growing


Current finnish security of supply ppp organisation

National Board of

Economic Defence

Current Finnish Security of Supply PPP organisation

Min. of Trade and Industry

National Board of Economic Defence

NESA

Central Section

Sector for

energy supply

Sector for

food supply

Sector for

transport and

logistics

Sector for

health

services

Sector for

the information

society

  • Agri- and aqua-

  • culture Pool

  • Foodstuffs

  • Industry Pool

  • Retail and

  • Distribution Pool

  • Power and

  • District Heat

  • Pool

  • Oil Pool

  • Air Transport

  • Pool

  • Surface

  • Transport Pool

  • - regional

  • commissions

  • Maritime

  • Transport Pool

  • Public Health

  • Pool

  • Water and

  • Sanitation Pool

  • Electronics Industry

  • Pool

  • Printing Industry

  • Pool

  • Communications

  • Networks Pool

  • Information

  • Technology Pool

  • Mass Communi-

  • cations Pool

  • Regional Pool

● Chemical Industry Pool ● Metal Industry Pool ● Forest Industry Pool ● Construction pool

● Plastic and Rubber Industry Pool ● Textile Industry Pool ● Finance Pool ● Insurance Pool

- regional commissions

Critical actors, c 2000


The strategy for securing the functions vital to society

The Strategy for Securing the Functions Vital to Society


Director of government security timo h rk nen

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RESOLUTION

  • Seven vital functions

    • desired end state

  • 50 strategic tasks for ministries

    • development needs

    • emphasizes on development

  • Nine threat scenarios

    • 61 special situation

  • State crisis management model

  • Monitoring mechanism

Resolution

Ministry

Ministry

Ministry

Guidance/Legislation

Subordinate administration,

Correlated business communities,

NGO’s and citizens


Government resolution 23 11 2006

Government Resolution 23.11.2006

The Strategy for Securing the Functions Vital to Society (Government Resolution 23.11.2006):

The state crisis management model

The role of maintaining situation awareness


Director of government security timo h rk nen

Extensive Malfunction in ICT-systems

Illegal Immigration

Health Threats

Natural Disasters

Security Situations and Threat models:

SSFV 2003, SSFV 2006

Disruptive Situations

Normal Conditions

State of Emergency

TSCHERNOBYL

(ESTONIA)

TSUNAMI

AVIAN FLU

PANDEMIC

TERRORISM (LONDON)

(HURRICANE KATRINA)

(WEATHER DISTURBANCES)

A Serious Disturbance in the Functioning of Economy

International Political Crisis

Organized Crime and Terrorism

Major Accidents

Territorial violations

Use of Military Force


Director of government security timo h rk nen

Basis of Crisis Management

Early Warning

Rapid Response

Sufficient Resources

Sufficient Communication

Compare

Democratic State

Bureaucracy

Compare

Military Administration

Military Command

Compare

Powers of Competent Authorities

CONCEALING

DOWNPLAYING

BUREAUCRACY

”TURF WAR”

Source: adapting Steven Fink


Director of government security timo h rk nen

STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL

GGo

Government

Plenary Session

or Negotiation

Preparatory

handling

Cabinet Committee on

Foreign and Security Policy

Support

Meeting of Permanent Secretaries

Support

Meeting of heads of Preparedness

Launches the response

Alarm and inform

Authority empowered by law


Director of government security timo h rk nen

Examples of Special Situations

Security

situation

Normal situations

Disturbances

Exceptional

conditions

Destruction

of a vital target

Large nuclear

accident

Blocking of merchant

shipping in the Baltic

Serious disturbance

in commun. network

Dangerous

infectious disease

Large-scale

flood

Terrorist strike

N.B. In exceptional conditions additional

authority is always provided to named authorities and specified in regard to to time and region.

A special situation means a surprising or sudden threat or event that may

endanger the citizens’ security or the vital functions of society. In managing

this situation measures have been taken to use leadership models,

communications, authorizations or resources defined by state crisis management model.


Director of government security timo h rk nen

STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL

GGo

Government

Plenary Session

or Negotiation

Preparatory

handling

Cabinet Committee on

Foreign and Security Policy

Support

Meeting of Permanent Secretaries

Support

Meeting of heads of Preparedness

Launched the response

Alarm and inform

Competent Ministry

Competent Authority

Authority empowered by law


Director of government security timo h rk nen

STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL

GGo

Government

Plenary Session

or Negotiation

Preparatory

handling

Cabinet Committee on

Foreign and Security Policy

Support

Meeting of Permanent Secretaries

Government

Situation Centre

Support

Meeting of heads of Preparedness

Launches the response

Alarm and inform

Competent Ministry

Competent Authority

Authority empowered by law


Director of government security timo h rk nen

STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL

GGo

Government

Plenary Session

or Negotiation

Preparatory

handling

Cabinet Committee on

Foreign and Security Policy

Support

Meeting of Permanent Secretaries

Government

Situation/Crisis

Management Centre

Support

First coordination body

Chaired by Dir of Govn Security

Meeting of heads of Preparedness

Launches the response

Alarm and inform

Authority empowered by law


Director of government security timo h rk nen

STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL

GGo

Government

Plenary Session

or Negotiation

Preparatory

handling

Cabinet Committee on

Foreign and Security Policy

Coordination body

Chaired by State Sec

Support

Meeting of Permanent Secretaries

Government

Situation/Crisis

Management Centre

Support

Meeting of heads of Preparedness

Launches the response

Alarm and inform

Authority empowered by law


Director of government security timo h rk nen

STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL

GGo

Government

Plenary Session

or Negotiation

Preparatory

handling

Cabinet Committee on

Foreign and Security Policy

Support

Meeting of Permanent Secretaries

Government

Crisis Management Centre

Support

Meeting of heads of Preparedness

Launched the response

Alarm and inform

Authority empowered by law


Director of government security timo h rk nen

STATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT MODEL

GGo

Government

Plenary Session

or Negotiation

Formal decisions

Preparatory

handling

Cabinet Committee on

Foreign and Security Policy

Support

Government

Crisis Management Centre

Meeting of Permanent Secretaries

Support

Meeting of heads of Preparedness

Launches the response

Alarm and inform

Authority empowered by law


Role of the prime minister s office

Role of the Prime Minister´s Office

  • The Director of Government Security chairs the meeting of the heads of preparedness and the State Secretary at the Prime Minister’s Office chairs the meeting of permanent secretaries (depending on the case, the vice chair is from the competent ministry)

  • The Prime Minister’s Office provides support in matters relating to the situation picture, premises and communications.

  • Meetings are to coordinate measures among the ministries in any security situation. Coordination of duties in emergencies is required to ensure the smooth functioning of authorities’ activities.

  • Government-level decisions are made in a plenary session of the Government.


Meeting of the heads of preparedness

Meeting of the heads of preparedness

In special situations, the meeting of the heads of preparedness acts a cooperative body of the ministries.

In this capacity the meeting

  • updates the joint situation picture;

  • presents how each administrative sector can support the competent ministry, coordinating these efforts where required; and

  • prepares matters required to manage the situation for consideration by the meeting of permanent secretaries.


Meeting of the heads of preparedness1

Meeting of the heads of preparedness

  • The meeting of the heads of preparedness is chaired by the Director of Government Security. The State Secretary at the Prime Minister’s Office is the chair’s immediate operational supervisor at the Prime Minister’s Office.

  • In special situations, the meeting can be chaired by the head of preparedness at the ministry whose responsibilities are most relevant to management of the situation (the competent ministry).


Meeting of the heads of preparedness2

Meeting of the heads of preparedness

  • The meeting of the heads of preparedness may invite permanent experts.

  • Representatives of non-governmental organizations, the business community, and relevant authorities may also participate in the meetings as specially invited experts.


Director of government security timo h rk nen

Government Crisis Management Centre

Crisis Management

Situation Centre

Alarm

Situation Awareness

Analysis

(POC: CCA, CESIS)

Communication Centre

Media Centre

(Partners)

Administration: Preparation, Implementation

OPERATIONAL LEVEL OF MINISTRIES


Generating a situation picture

Generating a situation picture

  • Government efforts in generating a situation picture are geared to ensuring - around the clock in all conditions - that the state leadership remains fully informed and the situation picture is kept current.

  • Compiling a situation picture means providing both a prognostic and a real-time picture of the security situation, coordination of which is the responsibility of the Prime Minister’s Office.


Situation awareness network

GCMC, PMO

Situation Awareness Network

Police

Border G.

Emerg.Agency

MOI,Pol

MOI,SAR

MOJ

MFA

MoD

Government

DefStaff op

Gov control room

MOT

BoF

MoE

Coordination

MOED

FEnv.C

MOL

MSAH

MINTC

MAF

MTI

RoadA

CERT

Sea

Air


Reporting

Reporting

Ministries

Situation Centre or

Situation Room of

the Ministry

Agencies, Departments, Military Commands, etc.

Prime Minister,

Cabinet Committee on Foreign and Security Policy

(CCFSP)

National Coordinator

Situation Centre or

Situation Room of

the Ministry

State Provincial Offices

Analyzes,

Assessments

Local sector

Situation Centre or

Situation Room of

the Ministry

Real-time situation picture

Universities, institutes

Situation Centre or

Situation Room of

the Ministry

Event reports,

Open sources


Prognostic situation picture

Prognostic situation picture

  • The Prime Minister’s Office works closely with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of the Interior, and the Ministry of Defence to compile a prognostic picture of the security situation.

  • This work is led by the secretary of state at the Prime Minister’s Office in cooperation with the permanent secretaries of the three ministries.

  • The situation picture reports are distributed to the minister members of the Cabinet Committee on Foreign and Security Policy (CCFSP).


Real time situation picture

Real-time situation picture

  • The Government Situation Centre is staffed around the clock.

  • The different administrative sectors have a duty to report abnormal events and situations, such as major accidents, to the Situation Centre.

  • The Situation Centre follows world news events extensively.

  • The Situation Centre forwards information on events to the state leadership where necessary.


Event report

Event report

  • An event report must be made to the Government Situation Centre at the Prime Minister’s Office in the case of:

    • a significant threat to the security of citizens

    • events attracting public interest

    • events threatening the functionality of the Government and possibly requiring actions by the state leadership (= special situation)

  • An event report may also consist of information noticed in the media.


Duty arrangements

Duty arrangements

  • Duty officer 24 h (from Security Police)

  • Situation Awareness Coordinator and his deputy from Prime Minister´s Office

  • Prime Minister´s Office (state secretary or deputy)

  • State leadership


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