William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. Introduction. Elements of Drama. Elements of Drama. Drama (play) Characters Conflict Plot Climax Resolution. A story written to be performed by actors. Features: Similar to a novel or short story. Dialogue Acts & Scenes Playwright
Elements of Drama
A story written to be performed by actors.
Acts & Scenes
There are two types of plays, tragedy and comedy, created by the ancient Greeks.
A comment made by a character, but is not heard by the other characters onstage.
A metrical pattern known as unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Romeo & Juliet is written in blank verse.
Creating the image of imaginary persons in literature.
Characterization creates plot and is revealed by actions, speech, thoughts, physical appearance, and the other characters’ thoughts or words about him.
Example of a Couplet:
"My words remain below, Never to heaven go“ -Claudius
Two lines back to back of verse (poetry)
A couplet rhymes
The lines are of the same metrical length
They form a single unit.
an adjective that expresses a characteristic of a person or thing.
“Catherine the Great”
“Dennis the Menace”
the expressive use of language in which words are used in other ways than their literal senses so as to suggest and produce images in a reader’s mind bypassing logic.
a figure of speech saying a person, idea, or object is something else.
And take my tears, which are love’s wine. - John Donne
a figure of speech comparing two things using “like,” “as,” “as if,” or “such” .
a play on words or the humorous use of a word emphasizing a different meaning or application.
Sometimes referred to as the “lowest form of humor”.
Did you hear about the guy whose whole left side was cut off? He's all right now.
I couldn't quite remember how to throw a boomerang, but eventually it came back to me.
A character who provides contrast to another character .
Most of the time they contrast the protagonist to show some advantage of the second character.
Makes a comparison between two or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike.
So, what’s the difference between a metaphor, simile, and analogy?
Metaphor – says one thing is another
Simile – compares two things to create a
Analogy – shows how two things are similar using
The Cat and the Fiddle
Hey diddle, Diddle,
The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon;
The little dog laughed
To see such sport,
And the dish ran away with the spoon.
A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage.
Turning point in story – most suspenseful event.
After the climax, the falling action is apparent.
Anything that stands for something else.
In addition to its own meaning, a symbol also represents abstract ideas.
the leading character of a drama, novel, etc.
This is not always the hero, but is always the principal and central character whose rival is the antagonist.
The term is from the Greek protagonistes, meaning “first actor in a drama.”
The character who strives against another main character.
This character opposes the hero or protagonist in drama.
The term is also used to describe one who contends with or opposes another in a fight, conflict, or battle of wills.
Reason or reasons behind a character's action; what induces a character to do what he does; motives.
In Romeo and Juliet, love motivates the title characters.
In Shakespeare's Macbeth, ambition (lust for power) motivates the title character and his wife to murder the king.
The central and dominating idea of a literary work; the thesis.
In addition, the term means a message or moral implicit in any work of art.
Prentice Hall Literature Textbook – Grade Nine.
"Guide to Literary Terms” eNotes: Guide to Literary Terms. Ed. Penny Satoris. Seattle: Enotes.com Inc, October 2002. eNotes.com. 16 November 2008. <http://www.enotes.com/literary-terms