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Age of Exploration

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W. Age of Exploration . W. Earlier Explorations. Islam & the Spice Trade  Moluccas A New Player  Europe Marco Polo, 1271 Chinese Admiral Zheng He & the Ming “Treasure Fleet” . Map of the Known World pre- 1492. W. Motives for European Exploration.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

W

Age of

Exploration

slide2

W

Earlier Explorations

  • Islam & the Spice Trade  Moluccas
  • A New Player  Europe
    • Marco Polo, 1271
  • Chinese Admiral Zheng He & the Ming “Treasure Fleet”
slide4

W

Motives for European Exploration

Crusades  by-pass intermediaries to get to Asia.

Renaissance  curiosity about other lands and peoples.

Reformation  refugees & missionaries.

Gold

Technological advances.

Fame and fortune.

Gold, Glory, God

slide5

New Maritime Technologies

W

Better Maps

Hartman Astrolabe(1532)

Mariner’s Compass

Sextant

slide6

New Technology

W

Caravel

Wheel lock Musket

slide7

Prince Henry, the Navigator

  • Started School for Navigation, 1419
slide9

Portuguese Maritime Empire

Exploring the west coast of Africa.

Bartolomeo Dias, 1487-tip of Africa.

Vasco da Gama, 1498-India.

Alfonso de Albuquerque (Goa, 1510; Malacca, 1511).

slide14

Atlantic Explorations

Looking for “El Dorado”

slide15

The First Spanish Conquests:The Aztecs

vs.

Fernando Cortez

Montezuma II

slide19

Why would the

“Columbian Exchange”

be considered the

tsunami of

unintentional

"bio-terrorism"??

slide20

Cycle of Conquest & Colonization

Explorers

Conquistadores

OfficialEuropeanColony!

Missionaries

PermanentSettlers

slide21

Treasurefrom the Americas!

35 million pesos between 1596-1600

slide26

Father Bartolome

de Las Casas

Spanish Monk who protested the Spanish cruelty towards Native Americans

New Laws  1542

slide28

W

Impact of European Expansion

  • Native American populations ravaged by disease.
      • Taino became extinct
      • 1519 – 26 million
      • 1605 – 2 million
  • 11-15 million Africans enslaved
  • Spread of Christianity
slide29

W

  • Columbian Exchange
  • Influx of gold & silver into Europe = inflation.
      • 10.5 million from 1581-1600
  • Deepened European rivalries.
  • Funding voyages of exploration led to
      • Joint-stock companies
      • Entrepreneurs
      • Mercantilism  Capitalism
slide30

W

  • New Patterns of World Trade
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