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NDMO Case Study: HAWAII, USA EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS. IOC Expert Missions May-August, 2005. Hawaii Hazard and Risk Analysis. Low Risk. High Risk. Hazards. 0. 2. 4. 6. 8. 10. Hurricane Flash Flood Tsunami Earthquake Volcano

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NDMO Case Study:HAWAII, USAEMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TSUNAMI PREPAREDNESS

IOC Expert Missions

May-August, 2005


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Hawaii Hazard and Risk Analysis

Low Risk

High Risk

Hazards

0

2

4

6

8

10

Hurricane

Flash Flood

Tsunami

Earthquake

Volcano

Subsidence/Landslide

Urban Fire

Power Failure

Wild Fire

HAZMAT(trans & oil spill)

Drought

Aircraft Incident

HAZMAT(fixed)

Tornado

Dam Failure

Radiologic(incl Marine)

Civil Disorder

Sharks

Risk Ranking includes likelihood and effect on population and property


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Major Natural Disaster Fatalities in Hawaii during the 20th Century

  • 13 Pacific-wide tsunamis hit the Hawaiian Islands.

  • The three most destructive tsunamis caused a combined total of 222 deaths and hundreds of injuries:

    • April 1, 1946 (Aleutian Islands)

    • May 23, 1960 (Chile)

    • November 29, 1975 (Kalapana)


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Maximum Run-ups in Hawaii from 13 Pacific-wide Tsunamis

“RUNUP” = Coastal wave heights above mean sea level, as measured by debris on shore.




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Hawaii Civil Defense System

MISSION

  • Minimize loss of life and property

  • Provide for welfare & safety of citizens

  • Restore vital services

  • Provide for continuity of government

  • Manage resources for recovery

AUTHORITIES

  • Federal, State laws

  • Governor’s Directive to lead Emergency Response


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Pre-Event

Preparedness

Mitigation

Plans

Information

Training

Education

Resources

Insurance Coverage

Regulations

Codes

Legislation

Comprehensive

Emergency

Management

Response

Recovery

Funding

Loans

Grants

Assistance

Insurance

Alert

Notification

Law Enforcement

Fire/Rescue

Medical

Utilities

Post-Event


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Hawaii Civil Defense System

Federal Agencies

State Agencies

County Agencies

Private Supporting Agencies


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INTERNATIONAL TSUNAMI HAZARD MITIGATION

WARNING CENTER OPERATORS

Pacific, Indian Ocean, Caribbean, Mediterranean Tsunami Warning Centers

GLOBAL

REGIONAL

NATIONAL

TSUNAMI SCIENTISTS

University and

Govt Researchers

EMERGENCY MANAGERS

Civil Defense

Local Authorities

Comprehensive Tsunami Risk Reduction

Stakeholders build Tsunami Resilient Community


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SENSE-ing a Tsunami

  • TOUCH

    • Strong local earthquakes may cause tsunamis.

    • FEELthe ground shaking severely? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!

  • SIGHT

    • As a tsunami approaches shorelines, water may recede from the coast, exposing the ocean floor and reefs.

    • SEEan unusual disappearance of water? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!

  • SOUND

    • The abnormal ocean activity, a wall of water, and approaching tsunami waves create a loud “roaring” sound similar to that of a train or jet aircraft.

    • HEARthe roar? Evacuate low-lying coastal areas and move inland to higher ground!


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Emergency Communications

Sirens Emergency Alert System

Radios

Telephones/Hotlines

Wire

Data Systems

Satellite


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Statewide Siren Warning System (multi-hazard)


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Statewide Siren Warning System

  • 356 total sirens Statewide:

    • Kauai 47

    • Oahu 176

    • Maui 66

    • Big Island 67

  • All sirens are radio controlled.

  • New sirens are solar powered.


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How it Works(Emergency Alert System, EAS):

BROADCASTERS

Audio & Crawlers

Audio

Activated by: National Weather Service State Civil Defense County Civil Defense

EAS Audio & Alarm


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Emergency Alert System (EAS) SCD EOC (located in Diamond Head crater) initiates public message, which transmits immediately by dedicated microwave link to designated, pre-arranged radio stations on neighbor islands for broadcast; TV broadcasts (crawlers) originate from Honolulu


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Telephones

Governor

NAWAS

HAWAS

SWP/HPD

OCDA EOC

National Guard

Hotlines

CINCPAC

USARPAC/AUTOVON

Secure Phone(STU III)

Facsimile

Satelllite System

60-Channel Recorder (radio & wire)

Computer Notifier System

After-Hours Coverage

Emergency Communications

- Systems tested weekly


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Emergency Management Data Systems

STATE EOC

Six Servers (Including Backup)

SUN Sparc Stations (email & web site)

Micron NT Servers (Office automation)

FIBER OPTIC

CONNECTIVITY

Maui PDC

Statewide

Nationwide

STATE DIGITAL

MICROWAVE

wide area network

PC’s-Oahu,Kauai,

Maui,Hawaii EOC’s

LOCAL AREA NETWORK

Workstations, Printers,

Scanners, CD Rom Tower

SATELLITE BACKUP,

WIRELESS LINKS

Connecting County EOC’s


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Interisland Data System

Electronic Bridge

State Civil Defense

National Weather Service

Pacific Tsunami Warning Center

County Civil Defense Agencies -

Kauai, Maui, Hawaii

Oahu Civil Defense Agency

EOC

County Warning Pts (police)

National Weather Service

EOC

State Warning Pt (police)

System includes NWS satellite data & weatherfax; Network tested daily


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DISTANT THREAT: Aleutian Generated Tsunami

4 Hours and 20 Min Travel Time

First Impact: Port Allen, Kauai (northwest island)


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DISTANT THREAT:Chilean Generated Tsunami

13 Hours and 36 Min Travel Time

First impact: Hilo, Hawaii (southeast island)


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Distant TsunamiWarning & Evacuation

  • PTWC issues Tsunami Watch and Warning Bulletins to the State of Hawaii for distant earthquakes magnitude 7.9 or greater.

  • Emergency Operation Centers (EOC) activate and alert emergency response agencies.

  • EOC coordinate siren sounding statewide at least 3 hours before 1st wave arrival in conjunction with radio and television Emergency Alert System (EAS) broadcasts.

  • EOC coordinate school closures and release of government workforce within tsunami evacuation zones.

  • EOC prepare for disaster response operations.


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Tsunami Evacuation Mapslocated in the front of Telephone White Pages


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Oahu Bus Routes & Roadblocks

  • City buses along the shoreline will alter their routes and shuttle people to the nearest inland shelter.

  • Policewillestablish roadblocks 45 minutes prior to first wave arrival.

  • All emergencyresponse personnelwillcease operations and move inland to safety 30 minutes prior to first wave arrival.

  • Special concern in Hawaii is education of surfers – tsunamis are not surfing waves!


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Local Tsunami Threat:30 minutes to Waikiki, Oahu


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Local TsunamiWarning & Evacuation

  • PTWC issues an urgent tsunami warning for local earthquakes magnitude 6.9 or greater.

  • County Warning Points sound sirens in designated Counties (e.g. Hawaii and Maui Counties).

  • National Weather Service broadcasts warning and evacuation through the EAS.

  • EOC activate and prepare for disaster response operations.


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Public Safety Notification“ALL CLEAR”

  • PTWC will cancel the tsunami warning when destructive waves have ceased.

  • Search & Rescue operations commence.

  • County Civil Defense agencies announce “All Clear” over radio and television. No sirens will sound.

  • Public may return to coastlines after “All Clear” is announced.


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EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS: Conducting ExercisesHAWAII DISTANT TSUNAMI EXERCISE

April 1, 2005


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PURPOSE

  • The statewide distant tsunami exercise will focus on Hawaii’s ability to respond to a distant tsunami from the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.

  • The exercise provides an opportunity for participants to review their distant tsunami response procedures and to promote emergency preparedness.

  • The exercise is planned by SCD with PTWC, who plays by issuing prescripted voice messages on the HAWAS and sending other electronic and hard copy messages.


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EXERCISE OBJECTIVES

  • Validate:

    • Warning and Communications Procedures for a distant generated tsunami.

    • Organizational Emergency Procedures.

  • Review:

    • Organization Procedures for Evacuation:

      • Inland Evacuations

      • Vertical Evacuations

      • Public Transportation

  • Kick off “April Tsunami Awareness Month” Public Awareness Campaign.


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PARTICIPANTS – all stakeholders

  • COUNTY: OCDA , MCDA, KCDA, HCDA & CWPs

  • STATE: SCD, HING, DOE, DHRD, DBEDT,

    SLEC, DOT

  • FEDERAL: PTWC, NWS, ITIC, USCG, JTF-HD, FEMA, Fed Exec Board

  • OTHER: ARC, HTA, HHSA, HSVOAD, PDC, CAP,

    HEI, Pacific Tsunami Museum, RACES,

    Private Industry


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EXERCISE SCENARIO

10:15 a.m. An earthquake greater than 8.0 magnitude occurs in the vicinity of the Alaska Aleutian Islands.

10:25 a.m. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) issues a Tsunami Watch Bulletin for the State of Hawaii. First wave arrival to Hawaii is 4 hrs 30 mins after earthquake origin time.

11:45 a.m. Hawaii placed in a Tsunami Warning (3 hours before first wave arrival at 2:45 p.m.) Statewide siren sounding (monthly Siren System test).

2:45 p.m. First wave arrival.

3:30 p.m. End of Exercise.


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Exercise Planning Dates

  • Feb 23 Exercise Mtg (8:30 a.m.) at Radisson Prince Kuhio Hotel

  • Mar 29 Media Press Conference

  • Apr 1 Siren Sounding

    Statewide Tsunami Exercise

    For more info,

    contact Hawaii State Civil Defense


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POLICY AND PLANNINGDesign Guidance

http://www.tsunamiwave.info/library/pubs/preparedness/preparedness.html


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EXAMPLE, HAWAII:

STAKEHOLDER COORDINATION MECHANISM

IMPLEMENTATION, POLICY, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND MEDIA, OUTREACH, EDUCATION


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HAWAII TSUNAMI TECHNICALREVIEW COMMITTEE (TTRC)

  • Reduce risk of tsunamis to State of HawaiiFounded 1998, meets 2x/year Funded by State & NOAA(NTHMP)

  • Scientists, engineers, planners, Emergency managers, public affairs personnel

    NOAA, FEMA, USACE, USCG, DOD, FEB, Univ. Hawai`i, Pacific Disaster Center, Red Cross, Pacific Tsunami Museum,State & Local Agencies (DOE, DBEDT, DOT, DLNR, CZM, Warning Points, Civil Defense, Tsunami advisors)


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HAWAII TTRC

  • Activities

    Hazard ID, Risk Assessment, Warning Guidance Awareness and Mitigation

  • Recent TTRC Agenda Topics

  • PTWC Operations Report

  • Runup and Inundation Modelling – Evacuation Maps

  • Tsunami Observer Program, Post-Tsunami Survey Plan

  • Multi-Level Regional Warning and Coastal Evacuation

  • Statewide Exercise - Local Tsunami

  • Public Affairs Working Group Activities (Awareness Month)

  • Event Response, “Expert” Contact List, Press Pool, Web

  • Social Science Perspectives on Tsunami Warnings

  • Maritime operations during tsunami events –

  • Ocean Currents in Harbors, Shipping ports, boating safety

  • Civil Air Patrol Capabilities

  • Working Groups: Emergency Mgmt, Scientific , Public Affairs


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Public Affairs Working GroupHawaii TTRCNOAA, SCD, C&C Honolulu Public Affairs OfficersITIC, Pacific Tsunami Museum, Tsunami Survivor


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1986, 1994 Tsunami WarningsMedia Reports

  • Pacific -wide Tsunami Warnings Issued Sirens sounded, Statewide evacuations Small, non-destructive tsunamis

  • 1986 - mid-afternoon to pm rush hour 1994 - early morning to am rush hour

  • Losses 1994 (DBEDT Study) => $50M 1986 (extrapolated) => $30M 2003 (extrapolated) => $68M

  • Media reports shape public opinion


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Hawaii Tsunami Awareness Month(Organized by Hawaii TTRC PAWG)

  • TAM Proclamations by Governor

  • Recognition of Tsunami Survivors by Governor, State Legislature

  • Statewide Tsunami Exercise, April 1st


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Hawaii Tsunami Awareness MonthActivities Targeting Specific Groups

  • Schools

    • Evacuation Drills

    • Science and Preparedness education (safety materials, Kid Science educational videos)

  • Tourists

    • Safety ads - Waikiki Beach Press free newspaper

    • Workshop for Hotel Association, Labor Union and Hotel Security Reps

  • Minorities

    • Safety ads - minority publications


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Hawaii Tsunami Awareness MonthDistribution of Calendar of Events

  • Briefings of Legislature

  • Media Workshop (tsunamis, warning procedures)

  • Public Events/Displays - tsunami awareness

  • Talks at Public Libraries

  • Hawaii Public Television Kid Science Show (3 programs on tsunamis/1 hour each)

  • Appearances on Radio Talk Shows

  • Special Displays/Tours at Pacific Tsunami Museum

  • Public Service Announcements (text not video)

  • Public Open House at PTWC (Fri/Sat in April)


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Any Questions?

Prepared by:

Brian S. Yanagi

Laura Kong

International Tsunam Information Centre

[email protected]


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