Egyptian gods goddess
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Egyptian Gods & Goddess. Ra / Re / Amen-Ra. King of the Gods Sun god Falcon head with a sun on top. Sometimes seen as the creator of men (Egyptians called themselves "the cattle of Ra”)

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Egyptian Gods & Goddess

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Egyptian gods goddess

Egyptian Gods & Goddess


Ra re amen ra

Ra / Re / Amen-Ra

  • King of the Gods

  • Sun god

  • Falcon head with a sun on top.

  • Sometimes seen as the creator of men (Egyptians called themselves "the cattle of Ra”)

  • Since heaven and the underworld have water, Ra uses a boat (Madjet (“strong”) while rising and Semektet ("becoming weak") when setting. He often has help from other gods to successfully navigate his boat.

  • He constantly had to fight monsters (Sebau, Nak, and Apep)

  • The phoenix is one of his symbols


Osiris

Osiris

  • God of the earth and vegetation

  • Symbolized the yearly drought and flooding of the Nile.

  • Gave Egypt civilization.

  • Married his sister, Isis

  • Osiris rules Egypt and he leaves Isis in charge when he is gone

  • Set and 72 conspirators kill him by chopping him up into pieces

  • Isis found almost all the pieces and put him back together (making the missing part out of clay)

  • King of the afterlife

  • Usually shown as a bearded, mummified human with green skin and wearing the atef crown. His hands come out from the mummy wrappings and hold the flail and crook.


Horus

Horus

  • Falcon headed

  • The Pharaoh was supposed to be his earthly embodiment.

  • Son of Osiris (after his resurrection)

  • Set is always trying to hurt him

  • In art, he is often shown standing on crocodiles

  • His sons are born from Isis. Each take care of the organs during the mummification process

    • Duamutef (stomach)

    • Imsety (liver)

    • Hapi (lungs)

    • Qebehsenuef (intestines)


Nephthys

Nephthys

  • Wife of Seth

  • Seduced her brother Osiris (possibly getting him drunk or by looking like Isis) to get pregnant with Anubis


Egyptian gods goddess

Isis

  • Isis was the sister/wife of Osiris

  • Shown as a a woman wearing a vulture head-dress and the solar disk between a pair of horns

  • May be one of the judges of the dead

  • Has great magical powers

  • Created the cobra and uses the cobra bite to make Ra reveal to her his secret name

  • The purest example of the loving wife and mother


Egyptian gods goddess

Set

  • God of evil, the desert, storms, and chaos

  • A devil figure

  • Antelopes are sacred to him

  • Hates Osiris (jealous)

  • Kills Osiris and becomes king before he is killed by Horus

  • Part pig and part donkey


Hathor

Hathor

  • Usually depicted as a cow or as a beautiful woman wearing a horned headdress

  • She is both wife/ daughter of Ra

  • Also married Horus

  • She offers food and drink to the dead

  • Women aspire to be her


Anubis

Anubis

  • Son of Nephthys and either Set or Ra – adopted servant of Isis

  • Head of a jackal

  • Guides the dead to the underworld and weighs their heart (bad deeds make your heart weigh more)

  • Works with Osiris in the underworld

  • Mummification god


Ammut

Ammut

  • “Eater of the Dead”

  • She stands by the scales of the hearts and eats the hearts of the wicked (a final death)

  • Head of a crocodile, body of a leopard, hind legs of a hippo (apparently wicked hearts are fattening – who knew?)


Egyptian gods goddess

Aten

  • The actual disk of the sun

  • His hands are the sun’s rays

  • May be the creator of men


Egyptian gods goddess

Nut

  • The Sky

  • brother Geb (the earth)

  • Father Shu – (air)


Thoth

Thoth

  • Moon god

  • Head of an ibis

  • Scribe (records the weight of the hearts in the underworld)

  • Invented writing

  • From the Book of the Dead:“Hear the word of the very truth. I have judged the heart of the deceased, and his soul stands witness for him. His deeds are righteous in the great balance and no sin has been found in him.”


Egyptian gods goddess

Bast

  • Cat-headed

  • Goddess of love and childbirth

  • Cats are sacred (many catswere mummified in her honor


Egyptian gods goddess

Bes

  • Popular, household god

  • Dwarf

  • Frightens evil spirits away

  • Hangs out with Taweret, a goddess of childbirth (she is scary looking)

  • Roman soldiers wore amulets with his likeness for protection


Egyptian gods goddess

Hapy

  • God of the Nile floods

  • Keeps the land and river fertile

  • He has long hair and a protruding stomach and also a beard and is blue

  • In some areas, he was worshipped over Ra


Neith

Neith

  • A mother goddess

  • Invented childbirth

  • Created gods, humans, and animals

  • Warrior goddess

  • Once she spit into the Nile and this spit turned into Apep, a serpent who lives in the underworld and tries to eat Ra each night


Sekhmet

Sekhmet

  • Lion headed

  • Wife of Ptah (an early creator god)

  • Breathes fire against her enemies

  • Delivers punishment to the gods


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