Acts of the apostles
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Acts of the apostles. Author, date, and similarities to Luke’. Author: Written by the author of Luke’s Gospel Addressed also to Theophilus Luke and Acts’ have similar style and language Date; Many scholars date after Luke-possibly in the mid-80s.

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Acts of the apostles

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Acts of the apostles

Acts of the apostles


Author date and similarities to luke

Author, date, and similarities to Luke’

Author:

  • Written by the author of Luke’s Gospel

  • Addressed also to Theophilus

  • Luke and Acts’ have similar style and language

    Date;

  • Many scholars date after Luke-possibly in the mid-80s


Acts of the apostles

Similarities between Acts and Luke’s gospel:

  • Jerusalem is central

    - Before ascension, apostles are told that they will be Jesus’ witnesses not only in Jerusalem, but to the ends of the earth.

    - the base of operations for the future of the church


Similar themes in luke and acts

Similar themes in luke and acts

I. Central role of the Holy Spirit

  • The Holy Spirit is active and alive in the disciples of Jesus

    - Continuing Jesus’ work in the world

    - Jesus’ promise to send the Spirit

    - outpouring of the Spirit

    - Spirit’s presence empowers apostles


Similar themes in luke and acts cont

Similar themes in luke and acts (cont.)

II. The Gospel is for all people

  • As in Luke, Jesus is universal Messiah

    - Spirit inspires church leaders at a council in Jerusalem to allow Gentiles to convert without first becoming Jews

    - Faith, baptism, and repentance are all required


Prologue acts 1 1 11

Prologue (acts 1:1-11)

  • Addresses Theophilus-linking first work to Acts

  • Tells readers that Jesus appeared to disciples over 40 day period

  • Forty is probably a reminder of Israelites’ 40 year experience in the desert

  • Also suggests Jesus’ departure to the desert

  • Number suggests a prep period for disciples before the coming of the Spirit


Acts of the apostles

The Ascension marks a transition in salvation history:

  • From Jesus’ earthly ministry to the age of the church.


The church in jerusalem acts 1 12 5 42

The church in jerusalem(Acts 1:12-5:42)

  • Preparation for the coming of the Spirit

    • the apostles and other disciples, Jesus’ mother, and several other women form first community of Christians

    • 10 days later, the descent of the Holy Spirit will occur on Pentecost

    • the community prepares itself by praying


Acts of the apostles

  • Mathias is chosen to replace Judas

    • 12 apostles-12 tribes of Israel

    • The church is the New Israel, the result of God’s new covenant with all people.


Pentecost

pentecost

The Descent of the Holy Spirit

  • Pentecost (fiftieth): a major Jewish feast for the harvest

    • Also celebrated God’s covenant with Moses

    • Jews from all over the Mediterranean attend

    • Holy Spirit inspires the apostles to proclaim the gospel

    • people from different nations understand the message in their own languages


Peter s pentecost sermon

Peter’s Pentecost sermon

  • Contains the kerygma-the central proclamation of the Gospel message

    • life, death, and resurrection of Jesus

  • Introduction:

    • relates the speech to rest of story

    • assures audience disciples are not drunk

    • Joel’s prophecy promising Spirit recalled


Acts of the apostles

  • Old Testament proofs to support argument:

    • Miracles of Jesus

    • Jesus crucified: indicts hearers for their part

    • Announces glorious resurrection and ascension

    • States that he and other apostles were eyewitnesses to these events

    • Jesus’ promise to send Spirit is fulfilled


Acts of the apostles

  • Sermon’s call to action: repentance and baptism

    • Gift of Holy Spirit then received


Acts of the apostles

  • Peter heals crippled beggar

  • Christian Community

    • Community must be rooted in the gospel truth handed down by apostles

    • Nourishment must come from Eucharist and prayer

    • Must live community-loving and caring for one another (Christian fellowship)


Acts of the apostles

  • Apostles appear before the Sanhedrin


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