POETRY UNIT. KEY TERMINOLOGY. Q: WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF FORM?. A: The way a poem looks on a page. . EXAMPLE OF THE FORM: SONNET.
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A: The way a poem looks on a page.
A: A row of words in a poem.
A: Groups of lines. Sometimes arranged in patterns, sometimes not.
I love to write
Day and night
What would my heart do
But cry, sigh and be blue
If I could not write
Writing feels good
And I know it should
Who could have knew
That what I do
Is write, write, write
- Unknown Author
What does a stanza look like?EXAMPLE
A: Poetry not written in a strict pattern.
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
What does free verse look like?EXAMPLE
A:The musical qualities of a poem.
A: The repetition of similar sounds at the ends of words.
There was an old woman who lived in a shoe,
She had so many children she didn't know what to do!
So she gave them some broth without any bread,
And she whipped them all soundly and sent them to bed!
What does rhyme look like?EXAMPLE
A: A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem.
Stressed syllables ( ′ ) are read with more emphasis.
Unstressed syllables ( ˘ ) are read with less emphasis.
Rhythm in writing is like the beat in music. In poetry, rhythm implies that certain words are produced more forcefully than others, and may be held for longer duration.
/ / u u / u u / u / u / u
Darth Vader decided to crush the rebel soldier.
DARTH VAderdeCIDed to CRUSH the REBelSOLDier.
/ / / u / u / u / u / u / u
Luke Skywalker will rebel against his father's wishes.
LUKE SKYWALKer WILL reBELaGAINST his FATHer'sWISHes.
What does rhythm look like?EXAMPLE
A: The use of sounds, words, phrases, or whole lines more than once. May be used to emphasize an idea or feeling.
Humpty Dumpty rhythm implies that certain words are produced more forcefully than others, and may be held for longer duration.
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall;
All the King's horses and all the King's men
Couldn't put Humpty together again
- Mother Goose
What does repetition look like?EXAMPLE
A: Words and phrases that appeal to the reader’s five senses – sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.
From the family tree of old school hip hop
Kick off your shoes and relax your socks
The rhymes will spread just like a pox
Cause the music is live like an electric shock
--Beastie Boys "Intergalactic" From Hello Nasty
What is an example of imagery?EXAMPLE
A: Words and phrases that present ordinary things in new and unusual ways. Similes, metaphors, and personification are common types of figurative language.
What is an example of figurative language?EXAMPLE
A: A comparison of two things that have something in common using the word like or as.
What is an example of simile?EXAMPLE
A: A comparison that does NOT contain the word like or as.
What is an example of metaphor?EXAMPLE
What is an example of personification?EXAMPLE
A: The poet’s attitude toward his or her subject.
ex: serious, sad, humorous, angry
A: The voice of the poem, the person who seems to be saying the words.
* Not necessarily the poet; He/she could be a character in the poem.