COLD WAR BEGINS 1945-1960. Fire and Ice
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Potsdam July 1945
Stalin, Truman and Churchill (Atlee Replaces Churchill) meet in a Germany Stalin Lied to Roosevelt about having free elections in Poland and Truman gets angry… Truman is given the news of the success of the Atom bomb and uses this to be tough on Stalin.
The TRUMAN DOCTRINE: “It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.”
The overthrow of the democratically elected government of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh on 19 August 1953, by the CIA under the name TP AJAX Project. The coup saw the transition of Mohammad-RezāShāh Pahlavi from a Constitutional monarch to an authoritarian one who relied heavily on U.S. support to hold on to power until his own overthrow In February 1979. Mosaddegh was arrested, tried and convicted of treason. Mosaddegh's supporters were rounded up, imprisoned, tortured or executed.
The CIA Covert operation to Depose PresidentJacoboÁrbenzGuzmán with a paramilitary invasion by an “anti Communist army of liberation.” The Árbenz government had instituted a land-reform… the expropriation for peasant use, of unused farmlands that national and multinational corporations had earlier set aside. This threatened the agricultural monopoly of the United Fruit Company that owned 42 per cent of the arable land of Guatemala and lobbied the Eisenhower Administration to act against The Guatemalan President.
SPIES! Congressman Richard Nixon gained his reputation by prosecuting Alger Hiss, who is found Guilty of Perjury. The Statute of Limitations has run out for espionage
Ethel & Julius Rosenberg are found guilty of giving atomic secrets to the Soviets . They are both put to death, leaving their Children Orphaned.
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence. The term has its origins in the period in the United States known as the Second Red Scare,.
The House Un-American Activities committee (HAUC) targeted the film industry because it was high profile and because of the propaganda value of movies.
Patriotism played a role in how people viewed Nuclear Proliferation in the early years. When residents of Nevada learned an Atomic testing site would be placed in their area, they were excited. Over the years more evidence has come to light demonstrating the level of Health Risks of persons working in the Nuclear industry and those living down wind of it. Today, residents of Nevada have been fighting a plan to make Nevada a location for spent nuclear devises.
"In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists, and will persist."