A case study in the l ight of ethical theories
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A Case Study In The L ight of Ethical Theories. Andreas Sembrant Mahdad Davari Muneeb Khan Nikos Nikoleris. Case Study - Euthanasia. Tracy Latimer, a 12 year old girl suffering from cerebral palsy (1993) She is handicapped and in constant pain No prospect for any improvement

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A Case Study In The L ight of Ethical Theories

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A Case Study In The Light of Ethical Theories

Andreas Sembrant

MahdadDavari

Muneeb Khan

Nikos Nikoleris


Case Study - Euthanasia

  • Tracy Latimer, a 12 year old girl suffering from cerebral palsy (1993)

  • She is handicapped and in constant pain

  • No prospect for any improvement

  • Her father ended her life as an act of mercy

  • Eventually, he was found guilty and prisoned for 25 years


Is His Act Morally Correct?

  • Ethical Egoism (Andreas)

  • Utilitarianism (Mahdad)

  • Kantism (Muneeb)

  • Social Contract Theory (Nikos)


Ethical EgoismRight action is the action that is most advantageous to oneself in the long run

  • Frees up resources (Care of a handicapped child takes time, resources and expenses)

  • Reduces grief in the family

  • It will be better off for the family (long run)

  • He will miss her and might feel guilty if ending her life

  • Potential imprisonment (became reality)

End her life

Keep alive


UtilitarianismRight action is the action that maximizes the overall happiness for all

  • Free up resources for other people (+)

  • Lesser misery for the family (+)

  • Minimize her suffering (+)

  • She dies (-)

  • Short term grief (-)

  • Potential Imprisonment (-)

  • Keep resources occupied (-)

  • Continued suffering for relatives (-)

  • Constant suffering for her (-)

  • She lives (+)

End her life

Keep alive


KantismRight action is the action that people can willingly follow in all situations

  • Dilemma caused by the intention

  • Is she being killed to free up resources and make family happier?

    • Yes: Humanity is being used as the mean to achieve an end (morally incorrect)

  • Is she being killed to end her suffering?

    • Yes: Humanity is the end and death is the means (morally correct)


Social Contract TheoryThe right action is the action that follows rules that a rational people have agreed to

  • Euthanasia may be accepted or not by the Social Contract

  • Euthanasia is not accepted in Canada

  • Killing the girl breaks the Social Contract, and

  • The father has to face natural consequences as per the Social Contract


Verdict

  • Ethical Egoism – Kill her!

  • Utilitarianism – don’t know!

  • Kantism – Kill her!

  • Social Contract Theory – don’t kill her!


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