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第一章 概 述 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第一章 概 述. 主要内容. 1 . 1 什么是GPS. 1 . 2 定位系统发展历程. 1 . 3 其他卫星导航系统. 1 . 4 GPS的应用. 1.1 什么是GPS. 1.1.1 GPS 定义.

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第一章 概 述

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1.1

1.1.1 GPS

GPSNAVigation Satellite Timing And Ranging Global Position SystemGPS, NAVSTAR GPSWooden 1985NAVSTARGPS


1.1.2 GPS

  • 24


1.2

.2.1


/ :-C , Omega



INSINSINS


Positioning

Location

Orientation

Navigation

Guidance

Tracking

1.2.2



Loran-C


/

/


1957104 Sputnik I

1.2.3 GPS

  • 195812 NNSS TRANSIT

    196411967

    7


  • 6(1.5h)

  • 1100km

  • 400MHz 150MHz

  • 3-5m

  • 1m


  • 197312GPS

  • 19782221GPS

  • 19892141GPS

  • 1991GPS


1992IGSInternational GPS

ServiceGPS

1995717GPSFOC

Full Operational Capability

1999125

40GPS


200051GPS

SA

  • 1999821/22GPSGPS

  • 200011Y2K


1.3

  • GLONASS

  • Galileo


19781982101982198727GLONASS24213319100km64.81115GLONASS5

1.3.1 GLONASS


ENSS

1.3.2 Galileo--ENSS


  • 2005-2015

    EGNOS

  • 1.3-1.7 BECU

    10

  • ECAC



2000103100220001221020

1.3.3


52561


236000km80E140E1110.5E260220001031122170140555


2GEO1


222


100m

20m

15s22s3 1s

1s

95


100

  • ,

    ,

    ,


  • 24



GPS199320GPS300

1.4 GPS



GPSV740

GPS


GPS


GPSGPSGPSGPS


SZCORS


GPSGPS


GPS


GPSGPS1020.5mm1mm1998


1.GPS?

2.GPS?

3.GLONASSGalileo ?

4.GPS?


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