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The African Trading States: West Africa. Bell Ringer : What was the Great Zimbabwe and why was it so significant to the Shona?. West Africa. There were several societies in West Africa mostly between Lake Chad and the Atlantic.

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The African Trading States: West Africa

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The african trading states west africa

The African Trading States: West Africa

Bell Ringer: What was the Great Zimbabwe and why was it so significant to the Shona?


West africa

West Africa

  • There were several societies in West Africa mostly between Lake Chad and the Atlantic.

  • Wealth and strength came from Trade Route control across the Sahara.

  • Gold and Salt were high trade items. Gold mined south of Sahel, traded for salt mined in the desert.

  • Gold was for further trade, salt for preservation.

  • By 1500 trade grew to include slaves, textiles, copper, jewels.

  • Ruled by Monarchies.


Ghana

Ghana

  • Earliest Kingdom of West Africa.

  • Established by the Soninke people after 300.

  • Began as an old trading village of Kumbi. Profited from gold and salt.

  • Used iron tools to farm and clear land for farming and grazing. Responsible for Agriculture along the Niger River.

  • Built large armies at peak of the kingdom 1050.

  • In 1235 the Malinke people overthrew Ghana to form Mali.


The african trading states west africa

Mali

  • Followed the fall of Ghana, in the same area, along the upper Niger River.

  • Led by ruler: Mansa Musa, who supported education, arts, and public building. Under his rule Timbuktu became the center of learning.

  • Made pilgrimage to Mecca.

  • Disputes about successor after Musa, led to weakening. Kept control until 1400’s. In 1468 rebel leader Sonni ‘Ali captured Timbuktu and built Songhai Kingdom.


Songhai

Songhai

  • Centered around Gao, on the Niger River. Stretched from the Atlantic to Lake Chad.

  • Lead by Sonni ‘Ali, and successor Mohammed I Askia.

  • Askia lead them to strong commercial center, with goods from Europe, India, China, and a mix of merchants.

  • Timbuktu was the center.

  • After Askia there was a decline: Groups fought, leading to weakness.


Homework

Homework

  • Chapter 8, Section 3 Review.

    • 1, 3 (For #1 do all terms minus Swahili, Shona)

    • Due tomorrow at the start of class.

    • Binders checked tomorrow for your weekly points.


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