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History of Aquaculture in the United States…and Florida. Silver carp. Bighead carp. Common carp. Grass carp. Aquaculture began in China. 6. Indonesia. 1. China. 2. India. 3. Japan. 4. Philippines. 5. S. Korea. 7. Bangladesh. 8. Vietnam. 9. N. Korea. 30,044. 2,035.

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History of Aquaculture in the

United States…and Florida


Silver carp

Bighead carp

Common carp

Grass carp

Aquaculture began in China


6.

Indonesia

1.

China

2.

India

3.

Japan

4.

Philippines

5.

S. Korea

7.

Bangladesh

8.

Vietnam

9.

N. Korea

30,044

2,035

1,315

949

777

690

620

613

482

479

  • World Seafood Production in 2000:

    • Finfish and shellfish = 130.4 million metric tons ( mmt )

    • Finfish, shellfish and plants = 141.8 mmt

  • World aquaculture production in 2000:

    • 45.7 mmt total aquaculture including:

    • 35.6 mmt of fish and shellfish and 8.5 mmt of cultured seaweed.

26 % of fish and shell fish harvested due to aquaculture

  • Table 1. World Fish, Shellfish and Seaweed Culture, by country in 1999 (MT x 1000)

10.

United States



U. S. aquaculture began in the late 1800s and early 1900s in federal fish hatcheries.

Pacific salmon

Rainbow trout

bluegill

Largemouth bass


Channel Catfish federal fish hatcheries.


Channel Catfish federal fish hatcheries.


scale federal fish hatcheries.

Channel Catfish


Channel Catfish federal fish hatcheries.

600,000,000 lbs processed in 2001

Mississippi accounts for 65 % of farmed catfish


Rainbow trout federal fish hatcheries.


Rainbow trout federal fish hatcheries.


Rainbow trout federal fish hatcheries.


Rainbow trout federal fish hatcheries.

World Production of Rainbow Trout in 1999:502,300,000 lbs

U.S. annual production: 56,900,000 lbs in 2001

9 % of total finfish production in U. S.

State Production, lb Price/lb

  • Idaho 39,500,000 0.87

  • N. Carolina 4,550,000 1.30

  • Washington 2,590,000 1.00

  • California 2,500,000 2.05

  • Pennsylvania 1,640,000 2.50


Red Swamp Crawfish federal fish hatcheries.


Red Swamp Crawfish federal fish hatcheries.

Crawfish burrow

Female carrying eggs

Size variety in ponds


Red Swamp Crawfish federal fish hatcheries.


Red Swamp Crawfish federal fish hatcheries.

1998

36,100,000 lbs

90% of crawfish in the U. S.

Louisiana


Tilapia federal fish hatcheries.

Red Tilapia

Nile Tilapia


Tilapia federal fish hatcheries.


Tilapia federal fish hatcheries.

Mono-sex male tilapia populations can

be produced by:

1. Visual selection

2. Hybridization

3. Sex-reversal

4. Genetic manipulation

Male Populations


Tilapia federal fish hatcheries.

Over 1,980,000,000 lbs of farmed tilapia are

harvest world-wide yearly.

U. S. tilapia Production 2000:

18,191,000 lbs


Atlantic Salmon federal fish hatcheries.


Atlantic Salmon federal fish hatcheries.


Atlantic Salmon federal fish hatcheries.


Atlantic Salmon federal fish hatcheries.

Maine is the leading U. S. producer at 79,000,000 lbs

World Harvest of Farmed Salmon in 1999 is:1,760,000,000 lbs


Hybrid striped bass federal fish hatcheries.

Striped bass

White bass

Hybrid striped bass


Hybrid striped bass federal fish hatcheries.


Hybrid striped bass federal fish hatcheries.


Hybrid striped bass federal fish hatcheries.

U. S. harvest - 2000

Weight – 11,237,000 lbs


Oysters federal fish hatcheries.


Oysters federal fish hatcheries.

Wild oyster seed collected on substrate

Hatchery produced oyster seed


canned federal fish hatcheries.

Oysters

Harvest from beds on ocean floor

Cultured oyster harvest


Oysters federal fish hatcheries.

Wild and farmed harvest of oyster meat in the U. S. in 1999 was 279,914,000 lbs.

Meat is 10 % of the whole oyster weight


Bait Minnows federal fish hatcheries.

Golden Shiner

Fathead minnow

Nearly 1,600 bait minnow farms are in operation in the United States.

The largest bait farm in the U.S. has about 2,500 acres of water and produces about 3 million pounds per year.

Arkansas is the leading baitfish-producing state, accounting for about half of the nation's supply.

Minnesota, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri each have over 1,000 acres devoted to bait fish farming.

Arkansas

15,480,000 lb with a value of 57 million dollars produced in 1999


Florida federal fish hatcheries.

Tampa

Ornamental fishes

800 varieties of freshwater fishes worth $43.2 million in 1999


The End federal fish hatcheries.


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