Conceptualising
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 29

Conceptualising postgraduate training in Biotechnology at Universities of Technology PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 118 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Conceptualising postgraduate training in Biotechnology at Universities of Technology. Annabel Fossey Biotechnology Central University of Technology, Free State, Park Street 1, Bloemfontein, South Africa, 9300. Introducing Biotechnology. Biotechnology is:

Download Presentation

Conceptualising postgraduate training in Biotechnology at Universities of Technology

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Conceptualising postgraduate training

in Biotechnology at

Universities of Technology

Annabel Fossey

Biotechnology

Central University of Technology, Free State,

Park Street 1, Bloemfontein, South Africa, 9300


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Introducing Biotechnology

  • Biotechnology is:

  • Modern word for a practice that is

  • thousands of years old

  • Biotechnology gave us our first beer

  • Plant and animal breeding are older technologies

  • Today  sophisticated field


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Introducing Biotechnology

  • Biotechnology is:

  • Interdisciplinebetween Biological Sciences

  • and Technology

  • Any technique that uses living organisms or

  • substance from those organisms

  • To make or modify a product

  • Used by humans, animals, plants,

  • microorganisms ...

  •  Solve problems in many different industries


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Biotechnology Industry

  • Biotechnology industries are too diverse

  • and too numerous to list

  • Industries range from

  • Enzyme production  indigo dye for denims

  • to

  • Production of genetically modified

  • pigs for xenotransplantation


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Biotechnology Achievements

Industrial

Enzymes

Fructose

production

Textiles

lens cleaning

Paper and pulp

Lens cleaners

Detergents


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Biotechnology Achievements

Vaccine

Production

Yeast produce hepatitis antigen based vaccine

Spodoptera insect cells produce human papilloma virus vaccine

African Green monkey

kidney cells

produce

influenza vaccine


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Biotechnology Achievements

Genetic Testing (Forensic)

DNA profiling

GMO

Kinship

Determination

Perpetrator

Identification

Disease

Identification

Remains

Identification

Multi-drug

resistant

TB (MDR-TB)

Romanov


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Aim

  • To propose curricular framework for:

  • An Advanced Postgraduate Diploma in Biotechnology, and

  • A Master of Biotechnology


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

What the Government says

  • 2003: Minister of Education announced that some technikons

  • would be designated “universities of technology”

  • Draw upon a greater diversity of people as students

  • Educational map will be more diverse

  • Provide career-orientated learning programmes

  • Contribute more meaningful technology transfer and international competitiveness

  • Respond to the needs of industry, community and society


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

What the Government says

  • Universities of Technology (UoTs):

  • Technology is the qualifying factor inherent in all academic activities

  • Therefore, characteristics of UoTs:

  • Research-informed

  • Curriculum around graduate profile defined by industry and professions

  • Focus on strategic/applied research

  • Focus on vocational/professional education

  • Technological capabilities as important cognitive skills

Kagisano 2010


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

What the Government says

  • Technology at a UoT:

  • Should teach an understanding of the application

  • of the subject in the real world

  • Students should be encouraged to:

  • Reflect on broader issues of technology

  • Consider impact on society

  • Be exposed to a wide range of disciplines

  • Deal management issues relating to technology

  • Work in teams

  • Be able to discuss, debate policies relation to technology

Kagisano 2010


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

What the World-of-work says

Biotechnology industry:

Requires innovation/creativity in all stages of the process pipeline

DNA technologies

- Forensic profiling

- Diagnosis

Factories

- Enzymes

- Pharmaceuticals

Basic

research

Applied research

Innovation

Enterprises

Industrial

application

Product

Service

Patents

Science

Biotechnology

Societal benefit

Continuum


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

What the World-of-work says

  • Industry related requirements for graduates:

  •  Provide innovative solutions

  • Have technological knowledge

  • Have creative capability

  •  Have the ability to adjust to the evolving industry


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

What the World-of-work says

  • Graduate employability skills requirements:

  • Oral/written communication

  • High level learning skills

  • Problem solving

  • Decision making

  • Affective skills and traits such as responsibility, a positive attitude, interpersonal skills and the ability

  • to work both in a team and independently


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

New Education Landscape

  • Knowledge and innovation contribute to wealth and welfare:

  • Postgraduate education gains prominence

  • Postgraduates essential to drive innovation

  • in modern societies

  • DST adopts the 10-Year Innovation plan (2008-2018):

  • Helps drive SA to knowledge-based economy

  • Outlines: “Farmer to Pharma” value chain to

  • strengthen bio-economy

  • SA must become a leader in biotechnology

  • and pharmaceuticals


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Designing a Curriculum in Biotechnology

  • Answer questions:

  • At what level should the programme be pitched?

  • What are the educational objectives?

  • What graduate attributes should be developed?

  • How will the curriculum accommodate flexibility?

  • How will the curriculum be delivered?


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Pitching a Biotechnology Programme

  • Rapidly changing industry

  • Ever widening scale of applications

Create a workforce capable of:

  • Understanding of / and working in a range of industries

  • Technically skilled

  • Strong life science background

UoT’s are perfectly positioned to train this workforce


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Pitching a Biotechnology Programme

  • Foundation laid at universities – four years

  • Bachelor’s and Honours degrees (equivalent)

?Do not focus on applications

?Do not focus on how the industry works

Appropriate to pitch qualifications at:

 5th year post grade 12


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Educational Objectives

Need to accommodate students from diverse backgrounds

  • Understand of the nature of the biotechnology

  • Enhance mastery of biotechnology subject matter

  • Enhance practical skills

  • Develop scientific reasoning

  • Develop business acumen relating to biotechnology industry

  • Develop transferable/employability skills

  • Develop entrepreneurial and innovative skills

  • Understand ethical principles relating to biotechnology


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Identifying Graduate Attributes

SAQA’a the learning achievements at level 9 as a template:

Understand applications in field

Design, creative methods, processes,

technologies

Use a wide range of specialised skills


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Identifying Graduate Attributes

Employability/

Transferable

skills


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Proposing a Biotechnology Curriculum

  • Need a flexible curriculum to allow for rapid developments

  • Follow an integrated approach to stimulate intellectual curiosity and enhanced problem-solving skills

  • Elective curriculum

  • Core curriculum


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Proposing a Biotechnology Curriculum

Jerome Bruner’s Spiral Model:

At each level – subject matter at greater depth

Major focus - industrial applications

  • Curriculum framework

  • Enhance disciplinary knowledge

  • Enhance technical acumen

  • Include supplementary knowledge - business, legislation and ethics

Integrated approach to the curriculum

Greater intellectual curiosity

Improved attitude towards education

Enhanced problem-solving skills


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Proposing a Biotechnology Curriculum

Core curriculum

Elective curriculum

  • Biotechnology disciplinary topics

  • Select from a list of about

  • 8 topics, for example:

  • EnzymologyGenetically modified organismsStem cell technologyImmunotechnologyPlant tissue culture techniquesCloning technology

  • Forensic technology

Business and legislative content

Biotechnology practical laboratories

Ethics relating to biotechnology

Research project and

mini dissertation (20 000 words)


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Postgraduate Qualifications

Two postgraduate qualifications

Master of Biotechnology

Research project and mini dissertation

Advanced Postgraduate Diploma in Biotechnology

BusinessLegislationEthics

Elective

E

E

E

E

E

BusinessLegislationEthics

Core


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Graduate Attribute Development

  • Developed during the mode of delivery

  • Delivery

  • No formal teaching (or very little)

  • E- learning

  • Debates / presentations

  • Seminars / proposals / business proposals

  • Guest speakers


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Curriculum Mapping Process

  • Define purpose of the qualification

  • Components of curriculum outlined

  • Learning objectives detailed

  • Specify graduate attributes to develop

  • ‘At the completion of this module you will be able to ...’

  • Devise learning activities and assessment criteria

  • 4.Review of learning objectives, learning activities and assessment criteria

  • Use panel of specialists

    5.Construct student guide


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Conclusions

  • These qualifications should provide the students with:

  • Subject knowledge to support a career in biotechnology

  • Technical understanding of biotechnology

  • An understanding of the business of biotechnology

  • Ability to “think outside the box”

  • Ability to adapt to the evolving industry

  • Transferable skills required by industry


Conceptualising postgraduate training in biotechnology at universities of technology

Thank You

Annabel Fossey

[email protected]

Biotechnology

@ CUT


  • Login