Thanatopsis
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“Thanatopsis”. By William Cullen Bryant. Complete the Following Sentences that are Underlined Below. Death is the beginning of loneliness. I agree / disagree because... Death is compared to sleep. I agree / disagree because...

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“Thanatopsis”

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Thanatopsis

“Thanatopsis”

By

William Cullen Bryant


Complete the following sentences that are underlined below

Complete the Following Sentences that are Underlined Below.

  • Death is the beginning of loneliness. I agree / disagree because...

  • Death is compared to sleep. I agree / disagree because...

  • The young and the old will have the same fate. I agree / disagree because...

  • All mankind should dread death. I agree / disagree because...


William cullen bryant

1794-1878

Was a young lawyer when “Thanatopsis” first appeared

Inspired by the romantic lyrics of William Wordsworth

Observations of nature evoke feelings of self

Father of American Poetry

William Cullen Bryant


Based on the title the questions what do you think this poem is going to be about

Based on the Title & the Questions, what do you think this poem is going to be about?

  • Maybe humans should live in harmony with nature...

  • Temporary state of life on earth

  • Rejoice in the immortality of nature

  • YOU MUST WRITE DOWN ONE (1) OPINION, IN ORDER TO RECEIVE CREDIT FOR THESE NOTES!


Thanatopsis means

Thanatopsis Means

  • From the Greek word: Thanatos = Death

  • Suffix: opsis = sight

  • Often translated as View of Death


Thanatopsis1

Voice:

~2nd Person (you)

Speaker:

~William Cullen Bryant = Poet

Thanatopsis


Mood tone

Mood: Consoling

3 Examples from the poem of the mood:

1. “and eloquence of Beauty & she glides”

2. “The planets, all the infinite hosts of heaven”

3. “All that breathe will share thy Destiny”

Tone: Somber & Compassionate

3 Examples from the poem of the tone:

1. “and eloquence of Beauty & she glides”

2. “The planets, all the infinite hosts of heaven”

3. “All that breathe will share thy Destiny”

Mood & Tone


Thanatopsis2

Romantic Poem:

~He found his answers in nature & through observing nature

Poem Form:

~Blank Verse – lines don’t rhyme, lines have same number of syllables & a regular rhythm

Thanatopsis


Theme

Theme

  • Subject: Human Life on Earth & Earthly Nature

  • Theme: (author’s opinion on the subject)

    ~By living in harmony w/ nature, & realizing that all must come to an end, rather than fear it, one can come to accept death as a restful sleep.


Literary elements

Literary Elements

  • Metaphor: a comparison of two unlike things NOT USING the words as, like, than, or resembles.

    ~ “Old Ocean's grey and melancholy waste,-- /Are but the solemn decorations all /Of the great tomb of man.”

  • Personfication: giving human-like qualities / attributes to something that is non-human

    ~ “…Nature holds / Communion with her visible forms, she speaks /A various language;” Nature = She (a caring mother).


Literary elements1

Literary Elements

  • Imagery: creating a picture in the reader’s head by appealing to more than 1 of the 5 senses

    ~ “So shalt thou rest: and what if thou withdraw / In silence from the living, and no friend / Take note of thy departure? / All that breathe / Will share thy destiny.”

    ~ “And to the sluggish clod, which the rude swain / Turns with his share, and treads upon. The oak / Shall send his roots abroad, and pierce thy mould.”


Literary elements2

Literary Elements

  • Simile: A comparison of 2 unlike things by using the words as, like, than, or resembles.

    ~ “Thou go not, like the quarry-slave at night, / Scourged by his dungeon; but, sustain'd and soothed / By an unfaltering trust, approach thy grave, / Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch / About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams.”

  • Irony: when the opposite of what is expected happens.

    ~ “Of ages glides away, the sons of men, / The youth in life's green spring, and he who goes / In the full strength of years, matron and maid, / The speechless babe, and the gray-headed man-- / Shall one by one be gathered to thy side / By those who in their turn shall follow them.”

    ~The poem has a somber tone, yet encourages one to live life fully and glorifies death.


Shifts in the poem

Shifts in the Poem

  • Poem shifts from a Somber tone to one of Comfortat line 73:

    ~ “So live, that when thy summons comes to join / The innumerable caravan which moves”


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