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Drugs. Over the Counter, Prescription, Illegal, Performance Enhancing. Vocabulary. Drugs – substances other than food that change the structure and function of the body or mind. Medicines – drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases and other conditions Over the counter

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Over the Counter,



Performance Enhancing



  • Drugs – substances other than food that change the structure and function of the body or mind.

  • Medicines – drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases and other conditions

    • Over the counter

    • Prescription

  • Antibiotics – medicines that reduce or kill harmful bacteria in the body.



  • Drugs that speed up the body’s function (caffeine)

    • Amphetamines

    • Cocaine

    • Crack Cocaine

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKoXCrg5dgM



  • Drugs that slow down the body’s function, highly addictive

    • Tranquilizers

    • Barbiturates

    • Hypnotics



  • Specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription and are used to relieve pain

    • Codeine

    • Heroin

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ks9BgchN4ps

      • News paper article



  • Drugs that distort moods, thoughts, and senses

    • PCP (phencyclidine)

    • LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)

    • Mescaline

    • Shrooms (Psilocybin)

    • DXM (Cough syrup, thera flu, etc…)

    • http://drugfacts.ca/Drug_pages/hallucinogens.html



  • Substances whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to give a hallucinogenic-like high

    • Paint

    • Rubber cement

    • Markers

    • Gas duster

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8LpFqVyx62o



  • Designer drugs – drugs that are made from chemicals that resemble illegal substances

    • http://www.sharp.com/mental-health/ask-expert-designer-drugs.cfm

  • Street drugs – drugs that have limited, if any medical benefit; commonly abused and traded on the streets



  • Marijuana – Plant containing psychoactive and physiological chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in its leaves, buds, and flowers.

    • Signs of use

      • Rapid heart rate, increased blood pressure/rate of breathing, blood shot eyes, dry mouth, increased appetite, slowed reaction time

    • Short term effects

      • Calmness, anxiety, paranoia, distorted sense of time, random thinking, short term memory loss, depression

Club drugs

Club Drugs

  • Recreational drugs associated parties/raves that cause amnesia

    • Ecstasy (MDMA)

    • GHB / Rohypnol (date rape drugs)

    • Meth

    • LSD

    • Ketamine (SPECIAL K)

  • Because some club drugs are colorless, odorless, and tasteless, they can be added without detection to beverages by individuals who want to intoxicate or sedate others in order to commit sexual assaults.

  • http://www.fbi.gov/scams-safety/clubdrugs

Performance enhancing drugs

Performance Enhancing Drugs

  • Substances used by athletes to improve their performance

    • Steroids

      • Anabolic – promote growth

      • Androgenic – promote development of male characteristics

    • Blood Doping – Boosting the number of red blood cells in the blood stream

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wXFYEb8_bKg

Warning signs of drug use

Warning Signs of Drug Use

Signs at Home

  • Withdrawl from responsibilities

  • Loss of interest in family activities

  • Verbally and/or physically abusive

    Signs at School

  • Sudden drop in grades / Not doing homework

  • Truancy or regularly being late to school

  • Loss interest in learning / Sleeping during class

Warning signs continued

Warning Signs (Continued)

Physical and Emotional Signs

  • Unexplainable mood swings

  • Changes in friends

  • Smell of alcohol or marijuana on breath or body/clothes

  • Sudden weight loss or gain

Drug abuse chart

Drug Abuse Chart

Finding help

Finding Help

  • Drug abusers cannot recover from addiction on their own

  • Detoxification (Detox) – freeing the body of an addictive substance, also overcoming psychological dependence

    • Support groups (alcoholics anonymous) and other community programs

    • Counseling

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