Math accommodations
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 48

Math Accommodations PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Math Accommodations. Issues. Accessing books/problem sets Doing homework/tests Getting information in class. Tips for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students. Suggestions for Instructors. Face the students Do not talk facing the board Repeat student questions

Download Presentation

Math Accommodations

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Math accommodations

Math Accommodations



  • Accessing books/problem sets

  • Doing homework/tests

  • Getting information in class

Tips for deaf and hard of hearing students

Tips for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students

Suggestions for instructors

Suggestions for Instructors

  • Face the students

    • Do not talk facing the board

  • Repeat student questions

    • The deaf student may not have been looking at the questioner

  • Make sure you can be seen clearly

    • Do not stand and talk in front of a bright window

  • Use gestures

    • Pointing to what you’re talking about is helpful

  • Build in pauses

    • Deaf students do a lot of multi-tasking, allow some pauses

Tips for students with upper limb impairments

Tips for Students with Upper Limb Impairments



  • Math equation programs allow keyboard entry

    • Scientific Notebook

    • MathType (plug-in for Word)

  • MathTalk allows voice entry

    • Requires MathTalk, Dragon NaturallySpeaking and Scientific Notebook (all three!)



  • OR


Books on screen

Books On-screen

  • Scan to PDF

  • Read visually on-screen (no TTS)

  • Foot pedal mouse

  • Use Dragon to advance pages onscreen

  • Remove spine and rebind to lay flat

  • Use hardware page-turning systems

Tips for ld students

Tips for LD Students



  • Instructor side

    • Concrete, specific descriptions

    • Verbalize equations and operations

  • Student side

    • Verbalize the process

    • Have students explain patterns they see



  • Spread one semester courses over two

  • Teach strategies, not just algorithms

  • Tactile graphs

  • Manipulatives

  • Color highlighting

  • Draw pictures

Self help


  • Work in quiet without clutter

  • Videotape students studying

    • Students may be totally unaware of what they are doing while studying—videotaping provides feedback

Word problems

Word Problems

  • Learn key words

    • “and,” “sum,” “increased” mean add

    • “take away,” “difference,” “less” mean subtract

    • “of,” “times” means multiply

    • “per,” “out of,” “ratio of,” “quotient” mean divide

  • Highlight what is important

    • Look for key words

  • List information

  • Draw pictures

Auditory math

Auditory Math

  • Math books in MathML

    • Create in MathType or Scientific Notebook

  • MathPlayer reads and highlights

    • Free download from Design Science


  • Read&Write Gold, Dolphin Tutor, and WYNN work with MathPlayer

    • Kurzweil only works from the Web interface.

Please note

Please Note

  • Many LD students do not find hearing problem sets helpful

  • HOWEVER, many LD students find hearing word problems extremely helpful!

Online for ld

Online for LD*

  • ModuMath Tutorials

    • Video tutorials for basic math and algebra



    • Assessment and learning


  • Khan Academy (videos)


      * Please note: Although helpful, these programs not fully accessible—do not require them for all students.



  • Professor Larry Perez atSaddleback College


  • You Tube math videos


Learning styles for math

Learning Styles for Math

  • Christine Tunstall at Mt. SAC

    • Instructional Specialist in ABI

  • Resources to help students learn how to learn math



Tips for low vision students

Tips for Low Vision Students

Software for writing math

Software for Writing Math

  • Keyboard entry

    • Scientific Notebook

    • MathType

      • Equations can be enlarged

  • Voices what is written

    • Chatty Infty


Creating large print

Creating Large Print

  • Start with PDF

  • Crop pages

  • Print to fit page (11 in. x 17 in.)

  • Can tile pages

    • Portion of page enlarged to full sheet

Enlarging math in word

Enlarging Math in Word

  • Math equations created withMathType plug-in


  • Create a “Preferences” file

    • Can save multiple preference files

  • Apply preferences

  • Enlarge text with Ctrl + Shift + >

Tips for blind students

Tips for Blind Students

Be wary of assumptions

Be wary of assumptions

  • Blindness covers a range

    • Most blind folks have some sight

    • Many do see color

  • Not all blind people read Braille

    • In fact, many CC students do not

  • Not all students who read Braille read Nemeth math Braille

Nemeth braille example

Nemeth Braille Example

  • Numbers

    • 1234567890

    • #1234567890

  • Symbols

    • x² + 2x + 2 = 10

    • x^2"+2x+2 .k #10

Use meaningful words

Use Meaningful Words

  • Use concrete terms

  • Meaningless!

    • “Here is the equation.”

    • “We start with the equation and factor.”

    • “Set both factors equal to zero and solve to get the result.”

  • Avoid

    • This, that, here, there, thing

In the following example you would say everything

In the following example, you would say everything!

  • Don’t just write it; verbalize it! Say each step.

    6x2 = 53x + 9

    Subtract 53x and 9 from both sides

    6x2 – 53x – 9 = 0

    Trinomial factoring gives us

    (6x + 1)(x – 9) = 0

    Set both factors equal to zero

    6x + 1 = 0 and x – 9 = 0

    Solve each equation…etc.

Braille options

Braille options

  • Brailling math is expensive and time-consuming

    • Algebra books can cost $25,000+

    • Calculus books can cost $100,000+

  • Check books already in Braille and see if instructor is willing to use the problem sets

  • Work with an instructor on “independent study” with a book already in Braille

Lots of math in braille

Lots of Math in Braille!

  • Alternate Text Production Center (ATPC)


  • ATPC produces Braille and tactile graphics free for the CCCs

    • Sells books to those outside CCC system

  • Must have syllabus to begin project

    • They braille only required chapters

    • The more advance notice, the better

Other nemeth resources

Other Nemeth Resources

  • American Printing House for the Blind hosts the Louis Database

    • Anyone can search for Braille materials


  • Hadley School for the Blind

    • Free courses


Nemeth on campus

Nemeth on Campus

  • Scientific Notebook documents can be translated into Nemeth math Braille


    • From other equation editors, save as LaTeX

    • Take into Scientific Notebook and save

    • Open with Duxbury Braille Translation Software (

Graphics printer

Graphics Printer

  • Tiger Embosser

    • Embosses graphics in raised dots (

    • Creates Dots Plus math Braille



  • Requires tactile (distinguishable by feel) accommodations

    • Tactile diagrams

    • Manipulatives

Tactile diagrams

Tactile Diagrams

  • PIAF paper

    • “Pictures in a Flash” (

    • Microcapsule paper

    • Can start from any computer file

Other tactile strategies

Other Tactile Strategies

  • Corkboard for graphics

    • Glue thread to make a grid

    • Push-pins and string for graphing

  • Magnet boards

    • Letters and numbers can be purchased

    • Symbols can be cut from magnetic sheets

  • Be creative!

Be creative

Be Creative!

  • Finding manipulatives

    • Many standard K-12 manipulatives will work

  • Collage

    • Puff paint

    • Cut-outs

    • Real objects

Commercially available

Commercially Available

  • Wikki Stix


  • Sewell Raised Line Drawing Kit


  • Non-slip abacus (Cranmer Abacus) , Braille ruler, protractor, compass, Cubarithm


  • MathWindow




  • Both software and hardware calculators are available

Scientific calculator

Scientific Calculator

  • Orion TI-36X

    • Hand-held, talks

    • American Printing House for the


Other calculators

Other Calculators


    • Search on “calculator”

Software calculator

Software Calculator

  • Audio Graphing Calculator

    • Computer software, talks

    • ViewPlus Technology

    • Note: Graphs can be printed on Tiger Embosser or to PIAF paper



  • Free from NASA


Latex for bvi

LaTeX for BVI

  • LaTeX can be read with a screen reader

  • LaTeX structure is similar to Nemeth

  • TeXnic Center LaTeX Editor and the MiKTeX package associated with it



Math online

Math Online

  • MathML and MathPlayer

    • Create in MathType, Scientific Notebook, etc.




  • Opens math equations in another window

    • Can be read with a screen reader



Stem for blind

STEM for Blind




More accessibility info

More Accessibility Info




    • Mathematics eText Research Center

More information

More Information

  • Gaeir Dietrich


  • 408-996-6047

  • Login