Math accommodations
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Math Accommodations. Issues. Accessing books/problem sets Doing homework/tests Getting information in class. Tips for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students. Suggestions for Instructors. Face the students Do not talk facing the board Repeat student questions

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Math Accommodations

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Math accommodations

Math Accommodations



  • Accessing books/problem sets

  • Doing homework/tests

  • Getting information in class

Tips for deaf and hard of hearing students

Tips for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students

Suggestions for instructors

Suggestions for Instructors

  • Face the students

    • Do not talk facing the board

  • Repeat student questions

    • The deaf student may not have been looking at the questioner

  • Make sure you can be seen clearly

    • Do not stand and talk in front of a bright window

  • Use gestures

    • Pointing to what you’re talking about is helpful

  • Build in pauses

    • Deaf students do a lot of multi-tasking, allow some pauses

Tips for students with upper limb impairments

Tips for Students with Upper Limb Impairments



  • Math equation programs allow keyboard entry

    • Scientific Notebook

    • MathType (plug-in for Word)

  • MathTalk allows voice entry

    • Requires MathTalk, Dragon NaturallySpeaking and Scientific Notebook (all three!)



  • OR


Books on screen

Books On-screen

  • Scan to PDF

  • Read visually on-screen (no TTS)

  • Foot pedal mouse

  • Use Dragon to advance pages onscreen

  • Remove spine and rebind to lay flat

  • Use hardware page-turning systems

Tips for ld students

Tips for LD Students



  • Instructor side

    • Concrete, specific descriptions

    • Verbalize equations and operations

  • Student side

    • Verbalize the process

    • Have students explain patterns they see



  • Spread one semester courses over two

  • Teach strategies, not just algorithms

  • Tactile graphs

  • Manipulatives

  • Color highlighting

  • Draw pictures

Self help


  • Work in quiet without clutter

  • Videotape students studying

    • Students may be totally unaware of what they are doing while studying—videotaping provides feedback

Word problems

Word Problems

  • Learn key words

    • “and,” “sum,” “increased” mean add

    • “take away,” “difference,” “less” mean subtract

    • “of,” “times” means multiply

    • “per,” “out of,” “ratio of,” “quotient” mean divide

  • Highlight what is important

    • Look for key words

  • List information

  • Draw pictures

Auditory math

Auditory Math

  • Math books in MathML

    • Create in MathType or Scientific Notebook

  • MathPlayer reads and highlights

    • Free download from Design Science


  • Read&Write Gold, Dolphin Tutor, and WYNN work with MathPlayer

    • Kurzweil only works from the Web interface.

Please note

Please Note

  • Many LD students do not find hearing problem sets helpful

  • HOWEVER, many LD students find hearing word problems extremely helpful!

Online for ld

Online for LD*

  • ModuMath Tutorials

    • Video tutorials for basic math and algebra



    • Assessment and learning


  • Khan Academy (videos)


      * Please note: Although helpful, these programs not fully accessible—do not require them for all students.



  • Professor Larry Perez atSaddleback College

    • [email protected]

  • You Tube math videos


Learning styles for math

Learning Styles for Math

  • Christine Tunstall at Mt. SAC

    • Instructional Specialist in ABI

  • Resources to help students learn how to learn math



Tips for low vision students

Tips for Low Vision Students

Software for writing math

Software for Writing Math

  • Keyboard entry

    • Scientific Notebook

    • MathType

      • Equations can be enlarged

  • Voices what is written

    • Chatty Infty


Creating large print

Creating Large Print

  • Start with PDF

  • Crop pages

  • Print to fit page (11 in. x 17 in.)

  • Can tile pages

    • Portion of page enlarged to full sheet

Enlarging math in word

Enlarging Math in Word

  • Math equations created withMathType plug-in


  • Create a “Preferences” file

    • Can save multiple preference files

  • Apply preferences

  • Enlarge text with Ctrl + Shift + >

Tips for blind students

Tips for Blind Students

Be wary of assumptions

Be wary of assumptions

  • Blindness covers a range

    • Most blind folks have some sight

    • Many do see color

  • Not all blind people read Braille

    • In fact, many CC students do not

  • Not all students who read Braille read Nemeth math Braille

Nemeth braille example

Nemeth Braille Example

  • Numbers

    • 1234567890

    • #1234567890

  • Symbols

    • x² + 2x + 2 = 10

    • x^2"+2x+2 .k #10

Use meaningful words

Use Meaningful Words

  • Use concrete terms

  • Meaningless!

    • “Here is the equation.”

    • “We start with the equation and factor.”

    • “Set both factors equal to zero and solve to get the result.”

  • Avoid

    • This, that, here, there, thing

In the following example you would say everything

In the following example, you would say everything!

  • Don’t just write it; verbalize it! Say each step.

    6x2 = 53x + 9

    Subtract 53x and 9 from both sides

    6x2 – 53x – 9 = 0

    Trinomial factoring gives us

    (6x + 1)(x – 9) = 0

    Set both factors equal to zero

    6x + 1 = 0 and x – 9 = 0

    Solve each equation…etc.

Braille options

Braille options

  • Brailling math is expensive and time-consuming

    • Algebra books can cost $25,000+

    • Calculus books can cost $100,000+

  • Check books already in Braille and see if instructor is willing to use the problem sets

  • Work with an instructor on “independent study” with a book already in Braille

Lots of math in braille

Lots of Math in Braille!

  • Alternate Text Production Center (ATPC)


  • ATPC produces Braille and tactile graphics free for the CCCs

    • Sells books to those outside CCC system

  • Must have syllabus to begin project

    • They braille only required chapters

    • The more advance notice, the better

Other nemeth resources

Other Nemeth Resources

  • American Printing House for the Blind hosts the Louis Database

    • Anyone can search for Braille materials


  • Hadley School for the Blind

    • Free courses


Nemeth on campus

Nemeth on Campus

  • Scientific Notebook documents can be translated into Nemeth math Braille


    • From other equation editors, save as LaTeX

    • Take into Scientific Notebook and save

    • Open with Duxbury Braille Translation Software (

Graphics printer

Graphics Printer

  • Tiger Embosser

    • Embosses graphics in raised dots (

    • Creates Dots Plus math Braille



  • Requires tactile (distinguishable by feel) accommodations

    • Tactile diagrams

    • Manipulatives

Tactile diagrams

Tactile Diagrams

  • PIAF paper

    • “Pictures in a Flash” (

    • Microcapsule paper

    • Can start from any computer file

Other tactile strategies

Other Tactile Strategies

  • Corkboard for graphics

    • Glue thread to make a grid

    • Push-pins and string for graphing

  • Magnet boards

    • Letters and numbers can be purchased

    • Symbols can be cut from magnetic sheets

  • Be creative!

Be creative

Be Creative!

  • Finding manipulatives

    • Many standard K-12 manipulatives will work

  • Collage

    • Puff paint

    • Cut-outs

    • Real objects

Commercially available

Commercially Available

  • Wikki Stix


  • Sewell Raised Line Drawing Kit


  • Non-slip abacus (Cranmer Abacus) , Braille ruler, protractor, compass, Cubarithm


  • MathWindow




  • Both software and hardware calculators are available

Scientific calculator

Scientific Calculator

  • Orion TI-36X

    • Hand-held, talks

    • American Printing House for the


Other calculators

Other Calculators


    • Search on “calculator”

Software calculator

Software Calculator

  • Audio Graphing Calculator

    • Computer software, talks

    • ViewPlus Technology

    • Note: Graphs can be printed on Tiger Embosser or to PIAF paper



  • Free from NASA


Latex for bvi

LaTeX for BVI

  • LaTeX can be read with a screen reader

  • LaTeX structure is similar to Nemeth

  • TeXnic Center LaTeX Editor and the MiKTeX package associated with it



Math online

Math Online

  • MathML and MathPlayer

    • Create in MathType, Scientific Notebook, etc.




  • Opens math equations in another window

    • Can be read with a screen reader



Stem for blind

STEM for Blind




More accessibility info

More Accessibility Info




    • Mathematics eText Research Center

More information

More Information

  • Gaeir Dietrich

  • [email protected]

  • 408-996-6047

  • Login