13
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 187

Gynecology and Obstetrics PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 96 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

13. Gynecology and Obstetrics. Learning Objectives. Identify the structures of the female genital and reproductive system. Describe the processes of oogenesis, menstruation, conception, and labor and delivery. Describe normal and abnormal findings in the neonate. Learning Objectives.

Download Presentation

Gynecology and Obstetrics

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Gynecology and obstetrics

13

Gynecology and Obstetrics


Learning objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Identify the structures of the female genital and reproductive system.

  • Describe the processes of oogenesis, menstruation, conception, and labor and delivery.

  • Describe normal and abnormal findings in the neonate.


Learning objectives1

Learning Objectives

  • Describe common female genital and reproductive diseases and conditions, laboratory and diagnostic procedures, medical and surgical procedures, and drug categories.

  • Give the medical meaning of word parts related to the female genital and reproductive system.


Learning objectives2

Learning Objectives

  • Build female genital and reproductive words from word parts and divide and define words.

  • Spell and pronounce female genital and reproductive words.

  • Analyze the medical content and meaning of a gynecology report.


Learning objectives3

Learning Objectives

  • Dive deeper into gynecology and obstetrics by reviewing the activities at the end of this chapter and online at Medical Terminology Interactive.


Multimedia directory

Multimedia Directory

Slide 16Female Reproductive System Animation

Slide 49Childbirth and Delivery Video - First Stage

Slide 50Childbirth and Delivery Video – Transition

Slide 51Childbirth and Delivery Video – Second Stage

Slide 52Childbirth and Delivery Video – Vacuum Extraction

Slide 53Infant Apgar Scoring Video

Slide 54Placenta Delivery Video

Slide 55C-Section Delivery Video

Slide 100Breast Cancer Video

Slide 112Preeclampsia Video

Slide 184Midwife Careers Video

Slide 185Midwife and Education Video


Multimedia directory1

Multimedia Directory

Slide 186Midwife On-Call Video

Slide 187Ethical Situations as a Midwife Video


Gynecology

Gynecology

The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the female genital system and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to treat female genital diseases.


Obstetrics

Obstetrics

The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to monitor normal pregnancy and childbirth and treat diseases.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-1 Female genital and reproductive system


Anatomy and physiology

Anatomy and Physiology

The female genital and reproductive system includes both internal and external genitalia or genital organs.


Anatomy and physiology1

Anatomy and Physiology

Internal Genitalia

Ovaries

Uterine tubes

Uterus

Vagina


Anatomy and physiology cont d

Anatomy and Physiology (cont’d)

External Genitalia

Area of the vulva includes the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and vaginal introitus


Anatomy and physiology cont d1

Anatomy and Physiology (cont’d)

The breasts or mammary glands also play a role in the female reproductive system.

The female genital and reproductive system together with the urinary system is known as the genitourinary (GU) system or urogenital system.


Anatomy and physiology cont d2

Anatomy and Physiology (cont’d)

The function of the female genital and reproductive system is to display the female secondary sexual characteristics, produce ova (eggs), and, when appropriate, conceive and bear children.


Female reproductive system animation

Female Reproductive System Animation

Click on the screenshot to view an animation on the female reproductive system.

The animation may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-2 Abdominopelvic cavity.


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System

Ovaries

Small egg-shaped glands about 2 inches in length that are near the end of a uterine tube

Gonads or sex glands in a female


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)

Ovaries (cont’d)

Function as part of the female genital and reproductive system and the endocrine system

Contain follicles that rupture and release ova (eggs) during the menstrual cycle

Secrete hormones estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone that affect puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-3 Ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d1

Uterine Tubes

About 5 inches in length

Held in place by the broad ligament

Function is to transport an ovum from the ovary to the uterus

Also known as oviducts or fallopian tubes

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-4 Uterus


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d2

Uterus

An inverted pear-shaped organ about 3 inches in length

Held in place by the broad ligament, the round ligaments at the top of the uterus, and the uterosacral ligaments

Fundus is the rounded top of the uterus

The corpus, or body, of the uterus is its widest part

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d3

Uterus (cont’d)

The body narrows and becomes the cervix (neck of the uterus).

Within the uterus is the hollow intrauterine cavity, which narrows into the cervical canal.

The wall of the uterus is composed of three layers: perimetrium, myometrium, and endometrium.

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d4

Vagina

A short, tubelike structure about 3 inches in length

The fornix is the area of the vaginal canal that is behind and around the cervix.

Covering the inferior end of the vaginal canal is the hymen, although it is sometimes absent

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d5

Vagina (cont’d)

The vaginal introitus is the opening to the outside of the body.

During menstruation, it transports the shed endometrium to the outside of the body.

It holds the penis during sexual intercourse.

It is the part of the birth canal that takes the baby to the outside of the mother’s body.

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d6

External Genitalia

Labia majora

Labia minora

Clitoris

Vaginal introitus

Glands that produce lubricating secretions

The vulva includes all of these structures as well as the urethral meatus and the mons pubis.

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-5 External female genitalia


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d7

Breasts

Composed of adipose (fatty) tissue and glands, the breasts (or mammary glands) are a part of the integumentary system.

Because of their function, they are also a part of the female reproductive system.

They develop at puberty.

They contain lactiferous lobules that produce milk to nourish the newborn after birth.

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-6 Breast


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception:

The anterior pituitary gland begins to secrete follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) to stimulate the ovaries at the onset of puberty.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception1

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception:

FSH stimulates a follicle in the ovary to enlarge and produce a mature ovum and secrete estradiol, which causes the development of female sexual characteristics.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception2

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception:

LH stimulates a single follicle each month to rupture and release its mature ovum.

LH stimulates the ruptured follicle (corpus luteum) to secrete estradiol and progesterone.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-7 Hormones secreted by the ovaries


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

The Menstrual Cycle

With the onset of puberty, the female begins to ovulate and menstruate.

Menarche is the beginning of menstruation, which occurs with the first menstrual period, or menses.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d1

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

The Menstrual Cycle (cont’d)

Menstrual phaseDays 1-6

Proliferative phaseDays 7-13

OvulationDay 14

Secretory phaseDays 15-26

Ischemic phaseDays 27-28


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-8 The menstrual cycle


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d2

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

Conception

Spermatozoa reach the ovum 24 to 48 hours after sexual intercourse.

Chemicals secreted by the ovum attract the spermatozoa.

Only one spermatozoa penetrates the ovum; this is the moment of fertilization, or conception.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d3

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

Conception (cont’d)

The resulting cell has 46 chromosomes and is known as a zygote.

Pregnancy begins at the moment of conception.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d4

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

Conception (cont’d)

A zygote immediately begins to divide as it moves through the fallopian tube.

The inner mass of cells of the zygote becomes the amnion and the embryo.

The developing embryo floats in and is cushioned by the amniotic fluid.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d5

Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

Conception (cont’d)

After 4 days of development, the zygote is known as an embryo.

After 8 weeks, it is known as a fetus.

Gestation is from the moment of conception to the moment of birth, approximately 38 to 42 weeks.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-9 An ovum and spermatozoa

D. Philips / Photo Researchers, Inc.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-10 A fetus at 9 weeks’ gestation

Photo Lennart Nilsson/Albert Bonniers Forlag


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-11 Fetal footprint


Physiology of labor and delivery

Physiology of Labor and Delivery

The process of labor and childbirth is known as parturition; it is divided into three stages.

First stage of labor―Cervical dilation, effacement, rupture of membranes

Second stage of labor―Crowning occurs, the baby is delivered, and the umbilical cord is clamped and cut

Third stage of labor―Delivery of placenta, suturing of the episiotomy if one was performed


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-12 Labor and Delivery


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-13 Crowning of the fetal head


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-14 Cutting the umbilical cord


Childbirth and delivery video

Childbirth and Delivery Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of first-stage labor.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Childbirth and delivery video1

Childbirth and Delivery Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of transition in labor.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Childbirth and delivery video2

Childbirth and Delivery Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of second-stage labor.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Vacuum extraction video

Vacuum Extraction Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of vacuum extraction.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Infant apgar scoring video

Infant Apgar Scoring Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of infant Apgar assessment.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Placenta delivery video

Placenta Delivery Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of placenta delivery.

Back to Directory


C section delivery video

C-Section Delivery Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of C-section child delivery.

Back to Directory


The newborn

The Newborn

A newborn who is between 38 and 42 weeks’ gestation is a term neonate.

A newborn between 28 and 37 weeks’ gestation is preterm, or premature.

The skin of the newborn is covered with vernix caseosa, a thick, white, cheesy substance that protects the skin from amniotic fluid in the uterus.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-15 Term neonate


The newborn cont d

The Newborn (cont’d)

On the top of the head, the anterior fontanel, or soft spot, is a soft area that bulges when the newborn cries.

There is also a smaller posterior fontanel at the back of the head that allows the brain to grow before the bones fuse together.

The first stool is meconium, a thick, greenish-black, sticky substance.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Classroom Response System


The internal genitalia of the female include the

The internal genitalia of the female include the:

  • Ovaries, vulva, uterine tubes, and uterus

  • Vulva, breasts, ovaries, and vagina

  • Breasts, vagina, cervix, and uterus

  • Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina


The internal genitalia of the female include the1

The internal genitalia of the female include the:

  • Ovaries, vulva, uterine tubes, and uterus

  • Vulva, breasts, ovaries, and vagina

  • Breasts, vagina, cervix, and uterus

  • Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina


The ovaries are part of the endocrine system

The ovaries are part of the endocrine system.

  • True

  • False


The ovaries are part of the endocrine system1

The ovaries are part of the endocrine system.

  • True

  • False


The uterine tube is responsible for transporting an ovum from the uterus to the ovary

The uterine tube is responsible for transporting an ovum from the uterus to the ovary.

  • True

  • False


The uterine tube is responsible for transporting an ovum from the uterus to the ovary1

The uterine tube is responsible for transporting an ovum from the uterus to the ovary.

  • True

  • False


The normal position of the uterus is

The normal position of the uterus is:

  • Anteflexion

  • Retroflexion

  • Inferior to the bladder

  • Lateral to the bladder


The normal position of the uterus is1

The normal position of the uterus is:

  • Anteflexion

  • Retroflexion

  • Inferior to the bladder

  • Lateral to the bladder


The narrow neck of the uterus is called the

The narrow neck of the uterus is called the:

  • Fundus

  • Corpus

  • Cervix

  • Vagina


The narrow neck of the uterus is called the1

The narrow neck of the uterus is called the:

  • Fundus

  • Corpus

  • Cervix

  • Vagina


The middle layer of the uterus is the

The middle layer of the uterus is the:

  • Endometrium

  • Corpus

  • Myometrium

  • Infundibulum


The middle layer of the uterus is the1

The middle layer of the uterus is the:

  • Endometrium

  • Corpus

  • Myometrium

  • Infundibulum


The ruptured follicle that secretes estradiol and progesterone is the

The ruptured follicle that secretes estradiol and progesterone is the:

  • Ovum

  • Oogenesis

  • Corpus luteum

  • Gamete


The ruptured follicle that secretes estradiol and progesterone is the1

The ruptured follicle that secretes estradiol and progesterone is the:

  • Ovum

  • Oogenesis

  • Corpus luteum

  • Gamete


The cephalic presentation means

The cephalic presentation means:

  • The buttocks are going first through the birth canal.

  • The head is going first through the birth canal.

  • Labor is beginning.

  • Labor is not beginning.


The cephalic presentation means1

The cephalic presentation means:

  • The buttocks are going first through the birth canal.

  • The head is going first through the birth canal.

  • Labor is beginning.

  • Labor is not beginning.


The first milk which is thick and yellowish is called colostrum

The first milk, which is thick and yellowish, is called colostrum.

  • True

  • False


The first milk which is thick and yellowish is called colostrum1

The first milk, which is thick and yellowish, is called colostrum.

  • True

  • False


A soft spot found on the head of a newborn is called a an

A soft spot found on the head of a newborn is called a/an:

  • Acrocyanosis

  • Fontanel

  • Meconium

  • Oocyte


A soft spot found on the head of a newborn is called a an1

A soft spot found on the head of a newborn is called a/an:

  • Acrocyanosis

  • Fontanel

  • Meconium

  • Oocyte


Gynecology and obstetrics

Fraternal twins are produced when the ovary releases two ova that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

  • True

  • False


Gynecology and obstetrics

Fraternal twins are produced when the ovary releases two ova that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

  • True

  • False


The beginning of menstruation at puberty is known as

The beginning of menstruation at puberty is known as:

  • Vertex presentation

  • Estradiol

  • Ovulation

  • Menarche


The beginning of menstruation at puberty is known as1

The beginning of menstruation at puberty is known as:

  • Vertex presentation

  • Estradiol

  • Ovulation

  • Menarche


Diseases and conditions

Diseases and Conditions

Ovaries and Uterine Tubes

Anovulation

Ovarian cancer


Diseases and conditions cont d

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Ovaries and Uterine Tubes (cont’d)

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Salpingitis


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-16 Polycystic ovary syndrome


Diseases and conditions cont d1

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Uterus

Endometrial cancer

Endometriosis


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-17 Endometriosis

Z. Binor/Custom Medical Stock Photo, Inc.


Diseases and conditions cont d2

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Uterus (cont’d)

Leiomyoma

Leiomyosarcoma

Myometritis

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-18 Leiomyoma

CNRI/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Diseases and conditions cont d3

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Uterus (cont’d)

Retroflexion of the uterus

Uterine fibroids

Uterine prolapse


Diseases and conditions cont d4

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Menstrual Disorders

Amenorrhea

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)

Dysmenorrhea


Diseases and conditions cont d5

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Menstrual Disorders (cont’d)

Menopause

Menorrhagia

Oligomenorrhea


Diseases and conditions cont d6

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Menstrual Disorders (cont’d)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)


Diseases and conditions cont d7

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Cervix

Cervical cancer

Cervical dysplasia

Incompetent cervix


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-19 Cervical dysplasia

SPL/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Diseases and conditions cont d8

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Vagina and Perineum

Bacterial vaginosis

Candidiasis

Cystocele


Diseases and conditions cont d9

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Vagina and Perineum (cont’d)

Dyspareunia

Rectocele

Vaginitis


Diseases and conditions cont d10

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Breasts

Breast cancer


Breast cancer video

Breast Cancer Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of breast cancer.

Back to Directory


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-20 Breast with cancer and cysts


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-21 Peau d’orange

CNRI/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Diseases and conditions cont d11

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Breasts (cont’d)

Failure of lactation

Fibrocystic disease

Galactorrhea


Diseases and conditions cont d12

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery

Abnormal presentation

Abruptio placentae


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-22 Breech position

Vince Michaels/Getty Images Inc. – Stone Allstock


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-23 Malpresentation of fraternal twins


Diseases and conditions cont d13

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)

Dystocia

Ectopic pregnancy


Diseases and conditions cont d14

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Gestational diabetes mellitus

Hydatidiform mole

Mastitis

Morning sickness


Diseases and conditions cont d15

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Oligohydramnios

Placenta previa


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-24 Placenta previa


Diseases and conditions cont d16

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Polyhydramnios

Postpartum hemorrhage

Preeclampsia


Preeclampsia video

Preeclampsia Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of preeclampsia.

Back to Directory


Diseases and conditions cont d17

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Premature labor

Premature rupture of membranes (PROM)


Diseases and conditions cont d18

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Prolapsed cord

Spontaneous abortion (SAB)

Uterine inertia


Diseases and conditions cont d19

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Fetus and Neonate

Apnea

Fetal distress

Growth abnormalities


Diseases and conditions cont d20

Diseases and Conditions (cont’d)

Fetus and Neonate (cont’d)

Jaundice

Meconium aspiration

Nuchal cord

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures

Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures

Gynecologic Diagnostic Procedures

Acid phosphatase

BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene

Biopsy


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures cont d

Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)

Gynecologic Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)

Estrogen receptor assay

Pap smear

Wet mount


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-25 Taking a Pap smear


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-26 Reading a Pap smear

Neuromedical Systems, Inc.


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures cont d1

Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)

Infertility Diagnostic Tests

Antisperm antibody test

Hormone testing


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures cont d2

Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)

Pregnancy and Neonatal Diagnostic Tests

Amniocentesis

Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

Pregnancy test


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-27 Amniocentesis

Yoav Levy / Phototake NYC


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures cont d3

Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)

Radiologic Procedures

Hysterosalpingography

Mammography

Ultrasonography


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-28 Mammography

Getty Images – Photodisc-Royalty Free


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-29 Three-dimensional ultrasonography

GE Medical Systems / Photo Researchers, Inc.


Medical and surgical procedures

Medical and Surgical Procedures

Medical Procedures of the Internal Genitalia

Colposcopy

Cryosurgery

Gynecologic examination


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-30 Bimanual examination


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-31 Speculum

Simon Fraser/Science Photo Library/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Medical and surgical procedures cont d

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Medical Procedures of the Breast

Breast self-examination (BSE)

Tanner staging


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-32 Breast self-examination

Keith Brofsky/PhotoDisc/Getty Images


Medical and surgical procedures cont d1

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics

Amniotomy

Apgar score

Assisted delivery


Medical and surgical procedures cont d2

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics (cont’d)

Epidural anesthesia

Fundal height


Medical and surgical procedures cont d3

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics (cont’d)

Induction of labor

Nägele’s rule

Nonstress test (NST)


Medical and surgical procedures cont d4

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics (cont’d)

Obstetrical history

Therapeutic abortion

Version


Medical and surgical procedures cont d5

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics (cont’d)

Assisted reproductive technology (ART)

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)

Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-33 Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

Zephyr/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Medical and surgical procedures cont d6

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Surgical Procedures of the Uterus, Uterine Tubes, and Ovaries

Dilation and curettage (D&C)

Endometrial ablation

Hysterectomy

Laparoscopy


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-34 Laparoscopic surgery

(b) David M. Grossman / Phototake NYC


Medical and surgical procedures cont d7

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Surgical Procedures of the Uterus, Uterine Tubes, and Ovaries (cont’d)

Myomectomy

Oophorectomy

Salpingectomy


Medical and surgical procedures cont d8

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Surgical Procedures of the Uterus, Uterine Tubes, and Ovaries (cont’d)

Tubal ligation

Uterine artery embolization

Uterine suspension


Medical and surgical procedures cont d9

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Surgical Procedures of the Cervix and Vagina

Colporrhaphy

Conization

Culdoscopy


Medical and surgical procedures cont d10

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Surgical Procedures of the Breast

Lumpectomy

Mammaplasty

Mastectomy

Reconstructive breast surgery


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-35 Breast implant

Getty Images – Photodisc-Royalty Free


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-39 TRAM flap reconstruction


Medical and surgical procedures cont d11

Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d)

Surgical Procedures in Obstetrics

Cerclage

Cesarean section

Episiotomy


Gynecology and obstetrics

Classroom Response System


A leiomyoma is a an

A leiomyoma is a/an:

  • Type of uterine cancer

  • Tumor of the smooth muscle of the uterus

  • Absence of menstrual periods

  • Type of cervical dysplasia


A leiomyoma is a an1

A leiomyoma is a/an:

  • Type of uterine cancer

  • Tumor of the smooth muscle of the uterus

  • Absence of menstrual periods

  • Type of cervical dysplasia


Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying lighted scope

Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying, lighted scope?

  • Mammography

  • Colposcopy

  • Pap smear

  • D&C


Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying lighted scope1

Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying, lighted scope?

  • Mammography

  • Colposcopy

  • Pap smear

  • D&C


A pap smear is used to detect

A Pap smear is used to detect:

  • Cervical dysplasia

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

  • Amenorrhea

  • Uterine fibroids


A pap smear is used to detect1

A Pap smear is used to detect:

  • Cervical dysplasia

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

  • Amenorrhea

  • Uterine fibroids


A plastic surgery procedure to enlarge small breasts is known as

A plastic surgery procedure to enlarge small breasts is known as:

  • Reduction mammoplasty

  • Mastectomy

  • Mammography

  • Augmentation mammoplasty


A plastic surgery procedure to enlarge small breasts is known as1

A plastic surgery procedure to enlarge small breasts is known as:

  • Reduction mammoplasty

  • Mastectomy

  • Mammography

  • Augmentation mammoplasty


The test that uses sound waves to form an image of a body part is known as a

The test that uses sound waves to form an image of a body part is known as a:

  • Mammography

  • X-ray

  • MRI

  • Ultrasonography


The test that uses sound waves to form an image of a body part is known as a1

The test that uses sound waves to form an image of a body part is known as a:

  • Mammography

  • X-ray

  • MRI

  • Ultrasonography


A woman with anovulation has

A woman with anovulation has:

  • Uterine prolapse

  • Infertility

  • Excessive menstruation

  • Mastitis


A woman with anovulation has1

A woman with anovulation has:

  • Uterine prolapse

  • Infertility

  • Excessive menstruation

  • Mastitis


Infection of the uterine tubes is known as

Infection of the uterine tubes is known as:

  • Salpingitis

  • Myometritis

  • Cervical cancer

  • Mastitis


Infection of the uterine tubes is known as1

Infection of the uterine tubes is known as:

  • Salpingitis

  • Myometritis

  • Cervical cancer

  • Mastitis


Infection of the breast is known as

Infection of the breast is known as:

  • Endometriosis

  • Mammitis

  • Preeclampsia

  • Mastitis


Infection of the breast is known as1

Infection of the breast is known as:

  • Endometriosis

  • Mammitis

  • Preeclampsia

  • Mastitis


The biparietal diameter is

The biparietal diameter is:

  • The distance from the placenta to the fetus

  • Used to measure breast cysts on mammography

  • Checked often during labor and delivery

  • Used to calculate gestational age


The biparietal diameter is1

The biparietal diameter is:

  • The distance from the placenta to the fetus

  • Used to measure breast cysts on mammography

  • Checked often during labor and delivery

  • Used to calculate gestational age


A woman who has never been pregnant is

A woman who has never been pregnant is:

  • Multiparous

  • Nulligravida

  • Infertile

  • All of the above


A woman who has never been pregnant is1

A woman who has never been pregnant is:

  • Multiparous

  • Nulligravida

  • Infertile

  • All of the above


A tram flap is a type of mastectomy performed for breast cancer

A TRAM flap is a type of mastectomy performed for breast cancer.

  • True

  • False


A tram flap is a type of mastectomy performed for breast cancer1

A TRAM flap is a type of mastectomy performed for breast cancer.

  • True

  • False


Leukorrhea describes a symptom of vaginal yeast infection caused by candida albicans

Leukorrhea describes a symptom of vaginal yeast infection caused by Candida albicans.

  • True

  • False


Leukorrhea describes a symptom of vaginal yeast infection caused by candida albicans1

Leukorrhea describes a symptom of vaginal yeast infection caused by Candida albicans.

  • True

  • False


Which combining form means ovary

Which combining form means ovary?

  • Oophor/o-

  • Uter/o-

  • O/o-

  • Nat/o-


Which combining form means ovary1

Which combining form means ovary?

  • Oophor/o-

  • Uter/o-

  • O/o-

  • Nat/o-


All of the following combining forms mean uterus except

All of the following combining forms mean uterus EXCEPT:

  • Uter/o-

  • Hyster/o-

  • Metri/o-

  • Lact/o-


All of the following combining forms mean uterus except1

All of the following combining forms mean uterus EXCEPT:

  • Uter/o-

  • Hyster/o-

  • Metri/o-

  • Lact/o-


The medical word amenorrhea can be divided into the component word parts of

The medical word amenorrhea can be divided into the component word parts of:

  • Prefix, combining form, and suffix

  • Prefix, prefix, combining form, and suffix

  • Combining form, combining form, and suffix

  • Combining form, suffix, and suffix


The medical word amenorrhea can be divided into the component word parts of1

The medical word amenorrhea can be divided into the component word parts of:

  • Prefix, combining form, and suffix

  • Prefix, prefix, combining form, and suffix

  • Combining form, combining form, and suffix

  • Combining form, suffix, and suffix


Drug categories

Drug Categories

These categories of drugs are used to treat female genital and reproductive Diseases and Conditions:

Drugs for amenorrhea and abnormal uterine bleeding

Drugs for contraception

Drugs for dysmenorrhea

Drugs for endometriosis

Drugs for premature labor


Drug categories cont d

Drug Categories (cont’d)

These categories of drugs are used to treat female genital and reproductive Diseases and Conditions:

Drugs for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

Drugs for vaginal yeast infections

Drugs used to dilate the cervix

Drugs used to induce labor


Drug categories cont d1

Drug Categories (cont’d)

  • These categories of drugs are used to treat female genital and reproductive Diseases and Conditions:

    • HRT drugs

    • Ovulation-stimulating drugs


Abbreviations

Abbreviations


Abbreviations1

Abbreviations


Abbreviations2

Abbreviations


Midwife careers video

Midwife Careers Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of midwife careers.

Back to Directory


Midwife and education video

Midwife and Education Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of education and careers as a midwife.

Back to Directory


Midwife on call video

Midwife On-Call Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of being a midwife on call.

Back to Directory


Ethical situations as a midwife video

Ethical Situations as a Midwife Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of ethical situations in midwife careers.

Back to Directory


  • Login