Carl Gustav Jung. Rejects many of Freud’s conclusions about ethics. Accepts: Religion as a psychological phenomena/ a natural process which stems from archetypes in the human mind/ performs the function of harmonizing the psyche/ a beneficial phenomena. Carl Gustav Jung: Archetypes.
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GOD along with the images generated by all the other archetypes is INEFFABLE (beyond explanation/description) since He comes from a part of the mind about which nothing concrete may be known.
The balance of the libido and the ensuing mental health of the individual are governed by an innate process-individuation. INDIVIDUATION results in a psychologically balanced personality-through the integration of the various archetypes into the conscious personality.
Jung argues that we can know nothing about God. Can we accept this? Key to his argument is that God’s existence cannot be proven. He can only be known as a psychic entity and not in the world of reality.
Phil of Religion for A level
“He has set up a necessary truth and hence safeguarded it from ever being reputed by empirical evidence. In this, however, he has no justification.”
Cannot myths, imagery etc. Be better explained by the fact that we share generally the same experiences:
Birth-death-parents-sun = common ideas about Parent gods, sun gods, punishing and rewarding gods.
Do we need to postulate an archetypal ‘instinct from God’ from the evidence that people believe in God? NO!
Anyway many people do not believe in God. Jung said that atheism was itself a form of religion, but if so where is the God archetype?
Is individuation anything to do with God? Is religious practice and belief more than about becoming whole?
“..there is an extra dimension in religious practice which Jung fails to explain.” Phil of R. for A level
Jung’s theories may be true but they are not proven so!
Thouless ‘An intro to the psychology of religion’
What kind of Religion does Jung recommend…Naturalistic religion, not traditional.
“Increasingly as Jung sees it, men will turn from collective dogmatic religions to private religions, in which each individual works out independently his own solutions of the religious problem”
Jung’ view is that “God is within us as a psychological reality, the denial of which distorts our life.”