Machakos. A long History of Agricultural Development and Research Louis N. Gachimbi National Agricultural Research Laboratories P.O.Box 14733, e-mail: [email protected] Nairobi.
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Machakos. A long History of Agricultural Development and Research
Louis N. Gachimbi
National Agricultural Research Laboratories
P.O.Box 14733, e-mail: [email protected]
Trade off Analysis: An operational and accepted tool for policy analysis workshop, Intercontinental Hotel, Nairobi June 20-21, 2005
Main issues: population pressure, Land degradation due to steep slopes, persist drought, low farm incomes, low farm productivity, low Nitrogen and Phosphorous levels.
- Land controlled by clans, tribes or families
- Market economy
-Increased population: livestock and human leading to land degradation
(a) Pasture improvement, soil and water conservation, livestock water development, tsetse fly eradication.
(b) Modification of agro pastoralists perceptions and actions: grazing controls, ranching schemes, land tenure privatization.
(c) Improvement of livestock systems through breeding, disease control and marketing (ranches)
1970s to date: Disaster mitigation:
- Involves all stakeholders (move from top down heavy
capital intensive to smaller less capital intensive).
- Soil and water conservation
- Agro forestry
- Crop and livestock improvement
Farming systems in Machakos (including Makueni)
Major characteristics of the farming systems in selected sites
* Machakos and Makueni are the current administrative boundaries.
Percentage of farms with observed nitrogen level (N, %)
No. of farms
0.12<N 0.25 (Moderate)
Average soil nitrogen levels in selected sites
Percentage of farms with
observed phosphorus (P, ppm)
No. of Farms
0.02 - 0.37
0.00 - 0.08
0.02 - 0.11
*Low levels of organic carbon due to high mineralisation rates
* Potassium is adequate in the soil for common crops
Design of development plan for livestock-wildlife-tourist
• Land subdivision
• Slow adoption rates of technologies especially soil fertility options due to low returns
Long term agricultural developments options in areas with relatively high rainfall (Mwala and Kasikeu)