General social survey
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General Social Survey. Jon Stiles April 29, 2010. General Social Survey What I’ll talk about today. What is the GSS? (and why should I care?) What’s on the GSS? Core Content Topical Modules ISSP (Cross-national) Modules What’s changed over time on the GSS?

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General social survey

General Social Survey

Jon Stiles April 29, 2010


General social survey what i ll talk about today

General Social SurveyWhat I’ll talk about today

What is the GSS? (and why should I care?)

What’s on the GSS?

Core Content

Topical Modules

ISSP (Cross-national) Modules

What’s changed over time on the GSS?

How can the data from the GSS be accessed?

What tools exist?

Where’s documentation?

Where can ISSP data be accessed?

What tools exist?

Where’s documentation?


General social survey what is the gss and why should i care

General Social SurveyWhat is the GSS? (and why should I care?)

The General Social Survey is a nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized adults in the U.S., providing demographic, attitudinal and behavioral measures collected using face-to-face interviews beginning in 1972.

The survey was fielded annually between 1972 and 1993 (except for 1979, 1981 and 1992), and biennially after that. The annual surveys had a sample size of around 1500, and the biennial surveys had a sample size of around 3000.

As of 2008, it had collected data for more than 53,000 respondents, covering more than 5,000 data items.

It is one of the most widely used data sets in the social sciences. With the exception of the Census and CPS, the GSS is the most frequently used data set in the three leading sociology journals. As of December 2007, NORC has identified it use for nearly 8000 journal articles, 2500 books, and 350 dissertations.


General social survey what is the gss and why should i care1

General Social SurveyWhat is the GSS? (and why should I care?)

The GSS is widely respected, andhas been described as:

• A "national resource" (Alwin, 1988; Firebaugh, 1997; Freese, 2007; NSF, 2007; Working Group on Large-Scale Data Needs in Luce et al., 1989).

• A “core database” in both sociology (Campbell, 2001) and political science (Kasse, 2001).

• A “gold standard” (Bobo, 2003; Bradburn, 2007; Healy, 2004; Heath, Fisher, and Smith, 2005;Miller, Azrael, and Hemenway, 2002; Miller, 2004; NSF, 2006a & 2007; Saguaro Seminar, 2006;Seligman, 2004).

• The “best data available” (Bolzendahl and Brooks, 2005; Brooks and Cheng, 2001; Loftus, 2001;Miller and Stark, 2002).

• “Essential for the field of population research” (Population Association of America, 2007).

• “The premier academic sociology survey” (Teixeira, 2006).

• “The most comprehensive national monitoring of public opinion” (Robinson and Martin, 2006).

• “The highest-quality omnibus survey done in the United States” (Zipp and Fenwick, 2006).

• “Benchmarks to which other surveys are compared to assess their representativeness or the overall accuracy of their results” (Tourangeau, 2003).


General social survey1

General Social Survey

Part II. What’s on the GSS?


General social survey what s on the gss

General Social SurveyWhat’s on the GSS?

Core Content – A replicating core of items asked consistently over time, allowing for analysis of trends.

The core content typically consumes about two-thirds of the 90 minute GSS interview.

Topical Modules – Usually appear once, and examine specific topics, attitudes and behaviors in greater depth. May vary from one or two questions to a longer series. The topical modules are usually geared to take around 15 minutes.

ISSP (Cross-national) Modules – A series of modules, which are geared to repeat periodically, and are replicated in many other countries.


General social survey core content

General Social SurveyCore Content

The core sections of the survey emphasizes collection of data on social

trends though exact replication of question wordings over time.

These items fall into two major categories:

socio-demographic/background measures, and;

replicated measurements on social and political attitudes

and behaviors

Core items may be full coverage (asked on all surveys) or rotating.


General social survey core content demographic and life course data self

General Social SurveyCore Content: Demographic and life-course data (self)

Age, Cohort, Astrological sign, Month of Birth, Sex,

Race, Hispanic origin, Ethnic origin, Nativity

Family Composition

Marital Status, age first wed, ever divorced, widowed, separated

Children ever born, age at birth of first child

Labor Force

Employment, unemployment, hours worked, weeks worked

Occupation, Industry, DOT classifications, Union

Superiors/subordinates in workplace

Income

Education, Degree

Family Income

Political Party

Religion

Geography

1998 – 2006 : All Topical modules externally funded.


General social survey core content demographic and life course data spouse origins

General Social SurveyCore Content: Demographic and life-course data: Spouse/Origins

Demographic and life-course data: Spouse/Origins

Household roster (Relationship to HH, age, sex, marital status)

Number of generation in HH, HH type

Proxy reports for: Spouse

Employment, unemployment, hours worked, weeks worked

Occupation, Industry, DOT classifications, Union

Education, Degree

Political Party

Religious preference

Proxy Reports for: Father, Mother, Age 16

Occupation, Industry, Education, Nativity (parents & grandparents)

Family Type

Religion (raised in)

Geography (region, size of place)


General social survey core content1

General Social SurveyCore Content

Technical

Year, Date of Interview

Form, Ballot, Version

Weights (ADULTS, OVERSAMP, FORMWT, WTSSNR,WTSALL)

Sampcode

Interviewer assessment of respondent cooperativeness, comprehension

Interviewer race, hispanic origin (since 2004)


General social survey core content2

General Social SurveyCore Content

Social/Political Attitudes & Behaviors

Well-being: Happiness, Marital happiness, Views of others

Religion: attendance, prayer, beliefs (life after death, God, Bible), school prayer

Suicide

Abortion

Gender roles

Family & Children (ideal family size, divorce, birth control, spanking,

gay marriage, ideal child attributes)

Social contacts – relatives, neighbors, friends, bar

Sex – Education in school, premarital, teens, extramarital, gay,

pornography,

Work – security, satisfaction

Class/financial well-being/standard of living/anticipation for future

Political – Votes for president, liberal/conservative, attitudes toward

government intervention, priorities for national spending,

civil liberties, confidence in various social institutions

Racial attitudes, stereotypes


General social survey topical modules

General Social SurveyTopical Modules


General social survey topical modules1

General Social SurveyTopical Modules


General social survey topical modules2

General Social SurveyTopical Modules


General social survey topical modules3

General Social SurveyTopical Modules


General social survey topical modules4

General Social SurveyTopical Modules


General social survey topical modules5

General Social SurveyTopical Modules


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp

  • The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuous programme of cross-national collaboration running annual surveys on topics important for the social sciences. The programme started in 1984 with four founding members - Australia, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States – and has grown to 45 member countries from all over the world in 2008.

  • The ISSP is unique in a number of ways:

  • The cross-national collaboration is not ad hoc or intermittent, but continuous. Thus, the ISSP makes cross-national research a basic part of the national research agenda of each participating country.

  • The programme is based on voluntary co-operation. Major decisions on modules or questionnaires, on membership or membership obligations are taken by the ISSP in common, by votes in the ISSP’s general assembly.

  • ISSP surveys are designed to serve as replications. Hence, the ISSP offers two powerful research strategies to study societal processes - by combining a cross-time with a cross-national perspective. 


General social survey issp modules

General Social SurveyISSP Modules


General social survey issp modules1

General Social SurveyISSP Modules

Number of Countries Participating by Year


General social survey2

General Social Survey

Part III. What’s changed over time?


General social survey what s changed over time on the gss

General Social SurveyWhat’s changed over time on the GSS?

1970 Sample Frame

Block Quota Sample

Transition to Full Probability sample 1975/1976


General social survey what s changed over time on the gss1

General Social SurveyWhat’s changed over time on the GSS?

1970 Sample Frame

Full probability sample

First Topical Module (1977)

Black Oversample (1982)

1979, 1981 samples dropped

1

1


General social survey what s changed over time on the gss2

General Social SurveyWhat’s changed over time on the GSS?

1980 Sample Frame

Full probability

Annual Topical Modules 1985 on

ISSP modules begin 1985

Black oversample 1987

Shift from across-survey rotation

to split-ballot rotation 1988

1992 sample dropped

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1


General social survey what s changed over time on the gss3

General Social SurveyWhat’s changed over time on the GSS?

1990 Sampling Frame

Full probability

1994 Redesign reduced core,

enhanced topical

Biennial – even numbered years,

starting 1994

Pencil & Paper to CAPI 2002

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

4

7

5

9


General social survey what s changed over time on the gss4

General Social SurveyWhat’s changed over time on the GSS?

2000 Sampling Frame

Full probability

Sub-sampling for non-response

Spanish language survey 1996

Rotating Panel Design 2008

(New CX 2008 + re-interview 2006)

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

4

7

5

9

14

12

9


General social survey how can the data from the gss be accessed

General Social SurveyHow can the data from the GSS be accessed?

What tools exist?

Where’s documentation?

NORC: Data

Questionnaires

Reports (methodological, trends, cross-national)

Restricted Use (geography)

http://www.norc.org/GSS+Website/Documentation/

SDA (Berkeley)

http://sda.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/hsda?harcsda+gss08

ICPSR

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/studies/25962

Roper Center

http://www.ropercenter.uconn.edu/data_access/data/datasets/general_social_survey.html


General social survey how can the data from the gss be accessed1

General Social Survey How can the data from the GSS be accessed?


General social survey how can the data from the gss be accessed2

General Social Survey How can the data from the GSS be accessed?


General social survey how can the data from the gss be accessed3

General Social Survey How can the data from the GSS be accessed?


General social survey how can the data from the gss be accessed4

General Social Survey How can the data from the GSS be accessed?


General social survey how can the data from the gss be accessed5

General Social Survey How can the data from the GSS be accessed?


General social survey3

General Social Survey

Part V. Where can ISSP data be accessed?


Gesis leibniz institute for the social sciences http www gesis org en services data survey data

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp

List

of

Years

List of Countries


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp

Selection of any module topic provides listing of years fielded.

Selection of year provides lists of participating countries, sample sizes,

links to original questionnaires in the language it was fielded in,

And……


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp

Summary of general topic areas, questions;

when a replication, what items were asked in which years


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp

Codebook with country-level detail on PI’s, sample design, response rates,

weighting, marginals, notes.


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp

Monitoring report on translation of the survey and possible problems raised

by translation, whether it was pre-tested, whether it was fielded alone or as

part of another survey, whether question ordering was preserved,

sampling/design/field issues (use of quotas, substitution, age cutoffs, mode of

Collection, non-response follow-up, response rates, etc…)


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp

Online analysis and download of data, as well as study and variable description


General social survey

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Scienceshttp://www.gesis.org/en/services/data/survey-data/issp

Current ISSP practice is to re-administer modules covering a given topic

(e.g. role of government, social inequality, religion) on a 10-year cycle.

Two-thirds of the items in an ISSP module are to be replicated content.


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