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Congress. Chapter 6 Sections 1 and 3. Congress Video. Legislative Branch. Article I of the Constitution Makes laws Bicameral (2 houses) House of Representatives Membership based on a state’s population 435 total members Senate 2 members from each state 100 total members.

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Congress

Congress

Chapter 6 Sections 1 and 3


Congress video

Congress Video


Legislative branch

Legislative Branch

  • Article I of the Constitution

  • Makes laws

  • Bicameral (2 houses)

    • House of Representatives

      • Membership based on a state’s population

      • 435 total members

    • Senate

      • 2 members from each state

      • 100 total members


Qualifications

Qualifications

  • House of Representatives

    • At least 25 years old

    • Live in the state you represent

      • Some states say you must live in that district too

      • Most states you must live there a year before the election

    • Been a US citizen for at least 7 years

  • Senate

    • At least 30 years old

    • Live in the state you represent

      • Most states you must live there a year before the election (Former Sen. Elizabeth Dole)

    • Been a US citizen for at least 9 years


Privileges for hor and senate

Privileges for HoR and Senate

  • Salary- $165,200 a year

  • Free office space/parking

  • Free trips to home state

  • Franking Privilege- can send job related mail without paying for stamps

  • Low cost health insurance

  • Use of special facilities: gyms, restaurants, medical clinics, etc.

  • Immunity (legal protection) in certain situations


Congressional leadership

Congressional Leadership

  • Majority Party- more than ½ members of HofR/Senate belong to the political party

  • Minority Party- less than ½ the members of HofR/Senate belong to the political party

  • Floor Leaders

    • Majority Floor Leader- chosen as leader by the majority political party

    • Minority Floor Leader- chosen as leader by the minority political party

  • Whips

    • Majority Whip- helps pass legislation for Majority Floor Leader

    • Minority Whip- helps pass legislation for Minority Floor Leader


House of representatives leadership

House of Representatives Leadership

  • Speaker of the House- leader of the HoR, chosen by members of the majority party

  • Has a GREAT amount of power!

  • Steers legislation through the HoR

  • Leads floor debates

  • Next in line if Pres and VP die

  • John Boehner

  • Republican


Senate leadership

Senate Leadership

  • Vice President of the US is President of the Senate

    • Technical leader, but doesn’t do much

    • Only votes in case of a tie

  • President Pro Tempore- leader of the Senate, chosen by members of the majority party

    • Day to day leader of the Senate

    • Not as powerful as Speaker of

      the House

  • Daniel Inouye

  • Democrat

  • Hawaii


Committees

Committees

  • Congress must consider thousands of bills during a yearlong session

  • To make it possible for so many bills to pass, Congress has committees

  • Standing Committees- permanent committees always in Congress

    • Ex: Agriculture, Budget, Transportation

  • Special Committees- formed for a limited amount of time to deal with special issues

    • Ex: Security, Terrorism, Gulf Oil Spill

  • Joint Committees- formed with members from both HoR and Senate

    • Ex: Taxation


Differences video

Differences Video


Congress at work

Congress At Work

  • Representing Constituents

    • Acting on their interest and concerns in Washington

    • Bring federal government projects and money to their district

    • Pork Barrel Projects- government projects/grants that primarily benefit their home district

  • Lawmaking

    • Passing legislation/laws

  • Casework

    • If necessary, help constituents solve problems with the federal government


House of representatives video

House of Representatives Video


Membership

Membership

  • 435 members

  • Membership based on a state’s population

  • Each state is guaranteed at least 1 member

  • Serve 2 year terms before up for reelection

  • Membership adjusted for states every 10 years

  • Census- official population count every 10 years


Districts

Districts

  • Members represent people from their district in their home state

  • Constituents- people represented

  • NC has 13 districts

  • NC had 12 districts– but gained a new district with the 2000 census

  • Had to make a new district so they made the 13th district with Greensboro, Northern NC, and Raleigh (since these areas had the highest gains in population which added the new seat)


Gerrymander

Gerrymander

  • Gerrymander- nickname given to an oddly shaped district

  • Gerrymander is not suppose to happen, and there are laws to prevent it

  • Why would people want to create odd shaped districts?


Ga districts

GA Districts


12 district john barrow

12 District- John Barrow


Senate video

Senate Video


Membership1

Membership

  • 100 members

  • 2 from each state

  • Serve for 6 year terms before up for reelection

  • Senator elections are staggered

  • 1/3 of all Senators are up for reelection every 2 years

  • Governor appoints a fill in if a Senator dies/resigns


Ga senators

GA Senators

Both are all GA resident’s Senators- equally

Saxby Chambliss(Republican)

Johnny Isakson (Republican)


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