White collar crime political crime
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 9

White Collar Crime Political Crime PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 196 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

White Collar Crime Political Crime. Social Context Defining WCC Types of WCC/Examples Applying Theory to WCC. Social Context. Concern with “corporate” criminals emerged in the U.S. in the early 1900s “Robber Barons” (Morgan, Carnegie, Rockefeller) Muckrakers

Download Presentation

White Collar Crime Political Crime

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


White collar crime political crime

White Collar CrimePolitical Crime

Social Context

Defining WCC

Types of WCC/Examples

Applying Theory to WCC


Social context

Social Context

  • Concern with “corporate” criminals emerged in the U.S. in the early 1900s

    • “Robber Barons” (Morgan, Carnegie, Rockefeller)

    • Muckrakers

      • Upton Sinlcair (1906) The Jungle

  • Sutherland’s work on “White Collar Crime”

    • He coined this term

    • Study of 70 Largest U.S. corporations


Defining white collar crime

Defining White Collar Crime

  • Sutherland (coined the term)

    • Respectable/High Social Status

    • In the course of occupation

  • Later

    • Occupational Crime

    • Organizational/Corporate Crime


Occupational crime

Occupational Crime

  • Employee Theft

    • Pilferage and Embezzling

    • “Collective Embezzlement”

  • Fraud in the Professions

    • Medical Industry

  • Financial Fraud

    • Insider trading


Organizational corporate crime

Organizational/Corporate Crime

  • Financial Crimes

    • Fraud, cheating, corruption…

    • Price fixing, price gouging, trade restraint

    • False Advertising

      • Bait and Switch

  • Violent Crimes

    • Unsafe work conditions

    • Unsafe products

    • Environmental Pollution


Comparing the harm

Comparing the Harm

  • Property loss

    • “Street Crimes” (FBI data) = $15 billion

    • W.C.C. (from several sources) = $400 billion

  • Death

    • Street crimes = 17,000 homicides

    • W.C.C.

      • 30,000 deaths from unsafe products

      • 20,000 deaths from environmental pollution

      • 12,000 deaths from unneeded surgery


Explaining white collar crime theories that don t work

Explaining White Collar Crime:Theories that Don’t Work

  • Merton’s “modes of adaptation”

  • Poverty, inequality, etc.

  • Low Self-Control ??

    • Gottfredson and Hirschi point to “pilfering” and “embezzlement” as typical white collar offenses

  • Control theory that emphasizes “stake in conformity”


Explaining white collar crime ii what works

Explaining White Collar Crime IIWhat Works?

  • Sutherland (corporate culture, neutralizations)

    • DA as a “general” theory

  • Merton’s “Anomie,” Messner & Rosenfeld, Durkheim

    • “Industrial Prosperity”

  • Radical Theories

    • Social harms will not be defined as “crime” if they benefit the wealthy.

    • Crimes of those in power will be ignored/minimized


W c c and deterrence theory what might work if we tried

W.C.C. and Deterrence Theory: What Might Work…if we tried.

  • Deterrence: Swift, Certain, Severe punishment will reduce crime

    • But, must assume “rational calculator”

      • Problems for some street crime

      • More applicable W.C.C.?

  • The Irony

    • Many white collar criminals are fined an amount less than the “take” from the crime

    • Calls by policymakers for “self-regulation”


  • Login